Matthew 13:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.

New Living Translation
But since they don't have deep roots, they don't last long. They fall away as soon as they have problems or are persecuted for believing God's word.

English Standard Version
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away.

Berean Study Bible
But since he has no root, he remains for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away.

Berean Literal Bible
And he has in himself no root, but is temporary. And having come tribulation or persecution on account of the word, immediately he falls away.

New American Standard Bible
yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.

King James Bible
Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Yet he has no root in himself, but is short-lived. When pressure or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

International Standard Version
but since he doesn't have any root in himself, he lasts for only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes along because of the word, he immediately falls away.

NET Bible
But he has no root in himself and does not endure; when trouble or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he falls away.

New Heart English Bible
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But there are no roots in him, but he is temporal, and when there is distress or persecution because of the word, immediately he falls apart.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Since he doesn't have any root, he lasts only a little while. When suffering or persecution comes along because of the word, he immediately falls [from faith].

New American Standard 1977
yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
yet he has no root in himself but is temporal, for when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

King James 2000 Bible
Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he is offended.

American King James Version
Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution rises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

American Standard Version
yet hath he not root in himself, but endureth for a while; and when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, straightway he stumbleth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Yet hath he not root in himself, but is only for a time: and when there ariseth tribulation and persecution because of the word, he is presently scandalized.

Darby Bible Translation
but has no root in himself, but is for a time only; and when tribulation or persecution happens on account of the word, he is immediately offended.

English Revised Version
yet hath he not root in himself, but endureth for a while; and when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, straightway he stumbleth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yet he hath not root in himself, but endureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, forthwith he is offended.

Weymouth New Testament
It has struck no root, however, within him. He continues for a time, but when suffering comes, or persecution, because of the Message, he at once stumbles and falls.

World English Bible
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

Young's Literal Translation
and he hath not root in himself, but is temporary, and persecution or tribulation having happened because of the word, immediately he is stumbled.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Sower Explained
20The seed sown on rocky ground is the one who hears the word and promptly receives it with joy. 21But since he has no root, he remains for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away. 22The seed sown among the thorns is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.…
Cross References
Matthew 11:6
Blessed is the one who does not fall away on account of Me."

Matthew 13:20
The seed sown on rocky ground is the one who hears the word and promptly receives it with joy.

Mark 4:17
But they themselves have no root, and they remain for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.

James 3:2
We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to control his whole body.
Treasury of Scripture

Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution rises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

root.

Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had …

Matthew 7:22,23,26,27 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied …

Job 19:28 But you should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the …

Proverbs 12:3,12 A man shall not be established by wickedness: but the root of the …

Luke 8:13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word …

John 6:26,61-65 Jesus answered them and said, Truly, truly, I say to you, You seek …

John 6:70,71 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil…

John 15:5-7 I am the vine, you are the branches: He that stays in me, and I in …

Acts 8:21-23 You have neither part nor lot in this matter: for your heart is not …

Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision; …

Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision, …

Ephesians 3:17 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that you, being rooted …

2 Peter 1:8,9 For if these things be in you, and abound…

1 John 2:19,20 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been …

dureth.

Matthew 10:22 And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that …

Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure to the end, the same shall be saved.

Job 27:8-10 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when …

Psalm 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he has left off to …

Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do to you? O Judah, what shall I do to you? …

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and …

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which has begun a good …

1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith to salvation ready …

for.

Matthew 5:10-12 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for …

Matthew 10:37-39 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: …

Matthew 16:24-26 Then said Jesus to his disciples, If any man will come after me, …

Mark 4:17 And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, …

Mark 8:34-36 And when he had called the people to him with his disciples also, …

Mark 13:12,13 Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father …

Luke 9:23-25 And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny …

Luke 14:26-33 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, …

Luke 21:12-18 But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute …

John 12:25,26 He that loves his life shall lose it; and he that hates his life …

Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain …

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is …

Hebrews 10:35-39 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which has great recompense of reward…

Revelation 2:13 I know your works, and where you dwell, even where Satan's seat is: …

is.

Matthew 13:57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said to them, A prophet …

Matthew 11:6 And blessed is he, whoever shall not be offended in me.

Matthew 24:9,10 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: …

Matthew 26:31,33 Then said Jesus to them, All you shall be offended because of me …

2 Timothy 1:15 This you know, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from …

(21) Yet hath he not root in himself.--The "root" is obviously the conviction which ripens into a purpose and strikes its fibres deep down into reason, conscience, and will.

Tribulation or persecution.--It is hardly necessary, or indeed possible, to draw any sharp line of demarcation between the two. "Persecution" implies, perhaps, a more organised attack, and therefore greater suffering; "tribulation," the thousand petty annoyances to which every convert to the faith of Christ was exposed in the first age of the Church, and to which, it may be added, even now most men and women who seek to be Christians in deed as well as in name are at some time or other in their lives exposed. The words explain the "time of temptation" in St. Luke's report (Luke 8:13).

By and by he is offended.--The adverb is the same as the "anon" of Matthew 13:20, and means "immediately." The rapidity of the renegade matches that of the convert. Such a man finds a "stumbling-block" in the sufferings he is called to endure, and turns into a smoother path.

Verse 21. - But dureth for a while (ἀλλὰ πρόσκαιρός ἐστιν). Luke's οἱ πρὸς καιρὸν πιστεύουσιν, is an evidently later form. (For the thought, cf. John 5:35.) By and by; straightway (Revised Version, εὐθύς). He is offended (Matthew 5:29, note). Yet hath he not root in himself,.... Nor in Christ; the word is not rooted in him, nor has he the root of the matter, or the truth of grace in him:

but dureth for a while; a hearer of the word, a professor of religion, showing some outward respect to the word, and to the preachers of it:

for when tribulation or persecution ariseth, because of the word; which is often the case, and must be expected by those who embrace the Gospel, profess the name of Christ, and are willing to live godly in him. Tribulation may intend some lesser and lighter troubles for the sake of Christ, and his Gospel; such as the revilings and reproaches of men, loss of character, and trade, &c. and persecution may design something more public and vehement; such as confiscation of goods, imprisonment, and danger of life, the most exquisite tortures, and death in the most cruel form and shape; things very disagreeable to flesh and blood, and which cannot be endured, and submitted to, by persons without a principle of grace, by one that has no root in himself. Luke calls this a time "of temptation", or trial, as it is either way, both by private troubles, and more public persecutions: these try men's principles and professions, and whether the truth of grace is in them or not; and where it is not in any person,

by and by he is offended; at the cross; he shrinks back from it, does not care to take it up, and follow Christ; but drops his religion, and the profession of it; apostatises, falls away, and comes to nothing. 13:1-23 Jesus entered into a boat that he might be the less pressed, and be the better heard by the people. By this he teaches us in the outward circumstances of worship not to covet that which is stately, but to make the best of the conveniences God in his providence allots to us. Christ taught in parables. Thereby the things of God were made more plain and easy to those willing to be taught, and at the same time more difficult and obscure to those who were willingly ignorant. The parable of the sower is plain. The seed sown is the word of God. The sower is our Lord Jesus Christ, by himself, or by his ministers. Preaching to a multitude is sowing the corn; we know not where it will light. Some sort of ground, though we take ever so much pains with it, brings forth no fruit to purpose, while the good soil brings forth plentifully. So it is with the hearts of men, whose different characters are here described by four sorts of ground. Careless, trifling hearers, are an easy prey to Satan; who, as he is the great murderer of souls, so he is the great thief of sermons, and will be sure to rob us of the word, if we take not care to keep it. Hypocrites, like the stony ground, often get the start of true Christians in the shows of profession. Many are glad to hear a good sermon, who do not profit by it. They are told of free salvation, of the believer's privileges, and the happiness of heaven; and, without any change of heart, without any abiding conviction of their own depravity, their need of a Saviour, or the excellence of holiness, they soon profess an unwarranted assurance. But when some heavy trial threatens them, or some sinful advantage may be had, they give up or disguise their profession, or turn to some easier system. Worldly cares are fitly compared to thorns, for they came in with sin, and are a fruit of the curse; they are good in their place to stop a gap, but a man must be well armed that has much to do with them; they are entangling, vexing, scratching, and their end is to be burned, Heb 6:8. Worldly cares are great hinderances to our profiting by the word of God. The deceitfulness of riches does the mischief; they cannot be said to deceive us unless we put our trust in them, then they choke the good seed. What distinguished the good ground was fruitfulness. By this true Christians are distinguished from hypocrites. Christ does not say that this good ground has no stones in it, or no thorns; but none that could hinder its fruitfulness. All are not alike; we should aim at the highest, to bring forth most fruit. The sense of hearing cannot be better employed than in hearing God's word; and let us look to ourselves that we may know what sort of hearers we are.
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