Leviticus 11:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening.

New Living Translation
All these small animals are unclean for you. If any of you touch the dead body of such an animal, you will be defiled until evening.

English Standard Version
These are unclean to you among all that swarm. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until the evening.

New American Standard Bible
'These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

King James Bible
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are unclean for you among all the swarming creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.

International Standard Version
These are unclean for you among the swarming creatures, so anyone who touches them when they're dead becomes unclean until evening.

NET Bible
These are the ones that are unclean to you among all the swarming things. Anyone who touches them when they die will be unclean until evening.

New Heart English Bible
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Among all the swarming creatures that move on the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches their dead bodies will be unclean until evening.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These are they which are unclean to you among all that swarm; whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

New American Standard 1977
‘These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are unclean to you among all the animals; whoever touches them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

King James 2000 Bible
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever does touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

American King James Version
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whoever does touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

American Standard Version
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Douay-Rheims Bible
31All these are unclean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be unclean until the evening.

Darby Bible Translation
These shall be unclean unto you among all that crawl: whoever toucheth them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

English Revised Version
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

World English Bible
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

Young's Literal Translation
these are the unclean to you among all which are teeming; any one who is coming against them in their death is unclean till the evening.
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
30and the gecko, and the crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand reptile, and the chameleon. 31These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening. 32'Also anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead becomes unclean, including any wooden article, or clothing, or a skin, or a sack-- any article of which use is made-- it shall be put in the water and be unclean until evening, then it becomes clean.…
Cross References
Genesis 1:20
Then God said, "Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens."

Leviticus 11:30
and the gecko, and the crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand reptile, and the chameleon.

Leviticus 11:32
'Also anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead becomes unclean, including any wooden article, or clothing, or a skin, or a sack-- any article of which use is made-- it shall be put in the water and be unclean until evening, then it becomes clean.
Treasury of Scripture

These are unclean to you among all that creep: whoever does touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Leviticus 11:8,24,25 Of their flesh shall you not eat, and their carcass shall you not …

(31) These are unclean.--Better, these are the most unclean, as Leviticus 11:29. That is, the eight animals thus enumerated are pre-eminently unclean of all the creeping things.

When they be dead.--The phrase, "whosoever doth touch them when they be dead," is simply another expression for "whosoever toucheth the carcase of them," which is used in Leviticus 11:24. Defilement is only contracted when their dead bodies are touched, but not if touched when alive. According to the canon which obtained during the second Temple, "there is no kind of living creature that becomes defiled while it is alive, or defiles when it is alive, save man only."

Verses 31-38. - As the little animals just mentioned - weasels, mice, and lizards - are more likely than those of a larger size to be found dead in domestic utensils and clothes, a further warning as to their defiling character is added, with talcs for daily use. The words translated ranges for pots (verse 35) should rather be rendered covered pots, that is, pots or kettles with lids to them. Seed which is to be sown, that is, seed corn, is not defiled by contact with these dead animals, unless it has been wetted by water being put on it, in which case the moisture would convey the corruption into the seeds. These are unclean to you of all that creep,.... Unfit for food, and not to be touched, at least when dead, as in the next clause, that is, these eight sorts of creeping things before mentioned, as the Targum of Jonathan expresses it, and these only, as Maimonides says (r):

whosoever doth touch them when they are dead shall be unclean until the even; for touching them while alive did not defile, only when dead; and this the Jews interpret, while they are in the case in which they died, that is, while they are moist; for, as Ben Gersom says, if they are so dry, as that they cannot return to their moisture, they do not defile; for which reason, neither the bones, nor nails, nor nerves, nor skin of these creeping things, defile; but, they say (s), while the back bone is whole, and the bones cleave to it, then a creeping thing is reckoned moist, and while it is so it defiles. (r) Hilchot, Abot Hatumaot, c. 4. sect. 14. (s) Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Niddah, c. 7. sect. 1.31-35. whosoever doth touch them, when … dead, shall be unclean until the even—These regulations must have often caused annoyance by suddenly requiring the exclusion of people from society, as well as the ordinances of religion. Nevertheless they were extremely useful and salutary, especially as enforcing attention to cleanliness. This is a matter of essential importance in the East, where venomous reptiles often creep into houses and are found lurking in boxes, vessels, or holes in the wall; and the carcass of one of them, or a dead mouse, mole, lizard, or other unclean animal, might be inadvertently touched by the hand, or fall on clothes, skin bottles, or any article of common domestic use. By connecting, therefore, the touch of such creatures with ceremonial defilement, which required immediately to be removed, an effectual means was taken to prevent the bad effects of venom and all unclean or noxious matter.11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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Alphabetical: all along among are be becomes dead evening for ground move Of swarming that the them these they things those till to touches unclean until when Whoever will you

OT Law: Leviticus 11:31 These are they which are unclean (Le Lv Lev.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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