Job 38:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
when the waters become hard as stone, when the surface of the deep is frozen?

New Living Translation
For the water turns to ice as hard as rock, and the surface of the water freezes.

English Standard Version
The waters become hard like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

New American Standard Bible
"Water becomes hard like stone, And the surface of the deep is imprisoned.

King James Bible
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
when water becomes as hard as stone, and the surface of the watery depths is frozen?

International Standard Version
when water solidifies like stone and the surface of the deepest sea freezes?

NET Bible
when the waters become hard like stone, when the surface of the deep is frozen solid?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The water hardens like a stone, and the surface of the ocean freezes over.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The waters harden as stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

King James 2000 Bible
The waters harden like a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

American King James Version
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

American Standard Version
The waters hide themselves and become like stone, And the face of the deep is frozen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The waters are hardened like a stone, and the surface of the deep is congealed.

Darby Bible Translation
When the waters lie hidden as in stone, and the face of the deep holdeth fast together.

English Revised Version
The waters are hidden as with stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

Webster's Bible Translation
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

World English Bible
The waters become hard like stone, when the surface of the deep is frozen.

Young's Literal Translation
As a stone waters are hidden, And the face of the deep is captured.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

38:25-41 Hitherto God had put questions to Job to show him his ignorance; now God shows his weakness. As it is but little that he knows, he ought not to arraign the Divine counsels; it is but little he can do, therefore he ought not to oppose the ways of Providence. See the all-sufficiency of the Divine Providence; it has wherewithal to satisfy the desire of every living thing. And he that takes care of the young ravens, certainly will not be wanting to his people. This being but one instance of the Divine compassion out of many, gives us occasion to think how much good our God does, every day, beyond what we are aware of. Every view we take of his infinite perfections, should remind us of his right to our love, the evil of sinning against him, and our need of his mercy and salvation.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 30. The waters are hid as with a stone; rather, the waters are hardened like unto stone. When the frost comes, the waters are congealed and rendered as hard as stone. (So Dillmann and Canon Cook.) And the face of the deep is frozen. By "the deep" (תּהום) is certainly not meant here either the open ocean, which, in the latitudes known to the dwellers in South Western Asia, never freezes, or the Mediterranean. Some of the lakes which abound in the regions inhabited by Job and his friends are probably meant. These may occasionally have been thinly coated with ice in the times when the Book of Job was written (see the comment on Job 6:16).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The waters are hid as with a stone,.... The surface of the waters by frost become as hard as a stone, and will bear great burdens, and admit of carriages to pass over them (c) where ships went before; so that the waters under them are hid and quite out of sight: an emblem of the hard heart of man, which can only be thawed by the power and grace of God, by the south wind of the Spirit blowing, and the "sun of righteousness" rising on it;

and the face of the deep is frozen; or bound together by the frost, as the Targum; it is taken, laid hold on, and kept together, as the word signifies, so that it cannot flow. Historians speak of seas being frozen up, as some parts of the Scythian sea, reported by Mela (d), and the Cimmerian Bosphorus, by Herodotus (e), and the northern seas by Olaus Magnus (f); as that men might travel over them on foot or on horseback, from one country to another; and Strabo relates (g), that where a sea fight has been in the summer time, armies and hosts have met and fought in the winter. In Muscovy the ice is to six and ten feet deep (h); in the year 401 the Euxine sea (i) was frozen over for the space of twenty days; and in the year 763 the seas at Constantinople were frozen one hundred miles from the shore, so thick as to bear the heaviest carriages (k).

(c) "Nunc hospita plaustris", &c. Virg. Georgic. l. 3. v. 362. (d) De Situ Orbis, l. 3. c. 5. (e) Melpomene, sive, l. 4. c. 20. Vid. Macrob. Saturnal. l. 7. c. 12. (f) De Ritu Gent. Septent. l. 1. c. 13. (g) Geograph. l. 7. p. 211. Vid. Alex. ab Alex. Genial. Dier. l. 1. c. 22. (h) Scheuchzer. Phys. Sacr. vol 4. p. 810. (i) Universal History, vol. 16. p. 489. (k) Universal History, vol. 17. p. 45.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

30. The unfrozen waters are hid under the frozen, as with a covering of stone.

frozen—literally, "is taken"; the particles take hold of one another so as to cohere.

Job 38:30 Additional Commentaries
Context
God Challenges Job
29"From whose womb has come the ice? And the frost of heaven, who has given it birth? 30"Water becomes hard like stone, And the surface of the deep is imprisoned. 31"Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades, Or loose the cords of Orion?…
Cross References
Job 38:29
From whose womb comes the ice? Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens

Job 38:31
"Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades? Can you loosen Orion's belt?
Treasury of Scripture

The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

the face

Job 37:10 By the breath of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters …

frozen. Heb. taken

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