Job 28:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore.

New Living Translation
They know where to dig iron from the earth and how to smelt copper from rock.

English Standard Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted from the ore.

New American Standard Bible
"Iron is taken from the dust, And copper is smelted from rock.

King James Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Iron is taken from the ground, and copper is smelted from ore.

International Standard Version
Iron is taken from the ground; and copper is smelted from ore.

NET Bible
Iron is taken from the ground, and rock is poured out as copper.

New Heart English Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted out of the ore.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Iron is taken from the ground, and rocks are melted for [their] copper.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Iron is taken out of the dust, And brass is molten out of the stone.

New American Standard 1977
“Iron is taken from the dust,
            And from rock copper is smelted.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Iron is taken out of the dust, and bronze is melted out of the stone.

King James 2000 Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted out of the ore.

American King James Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

American Standard Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, And copper is molten out of the stone.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and stone melted with heat is turned into brass.

Darby Bible Translation
Iron is taken out of the dust, and copper is molten out of the stone.

English Revised Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

Webster's Bible Translation
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is melted out of the stone.

World English Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted out of the ore.

Young's Literal Translation
Iron from the dust is taken, And from the firm stone brass.
Study Bible
The Earth's Treasures
1"Surely there is a mine for silver And a place where they refine gold. 2"Iron is taken from the dust, And copper is smelted from rock. 3"Man puts an end to darkness, And to the farthest limit he searches out The rock in gloom and deep shadow.…
Cross References
Job 28:1
"Surely there is a mine for silver And a place where they refine gold.

Job 28:3
"Man puts an end to darkness, And to the farthest limit he searches out The rock in gloom and deep shadow.
Treasury of Scripture

Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

Iron

Genesis 4:22 And Zillah, she also bore Tubalcain, an instructor of every artificer …

Numbers 31:22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,

Deuteronomy 8:9 A land wherein you shall eat bread without scarceness, you shall …

1 Chronicles 22:14 Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of the LORD …

earth. or, dust

Verse 2. - Iron is taken out of the earth (see the comment on Job 20:24). Iron was found in the hills of Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:9), in the trans-Jordanic region (Josephus, 'Bell. Jud,' 4:8. § 2), in the sandstone of the Lebanon ('Hist. of Phoenicia,' p. 47), and in Egypt ('Hist. of Ancient Egypt,' vol. 1. p. 93), probably also in many other places. It is scarcely ever found except in the shape of iron ore, and so has to be "taken out of the earth." And brass is molten out of the stone. By "brass" we must understand copper, since the amalgam brass is never found in a natural state. Copper was yielded abundantly in very early times by the mines which the Egyptians worked in the Sinaitic peninsula ('Hist. of Ancient Egypt,' vol. 1. pp. 93, 94). It was also obtainable from Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:9), Cyprus ('Hist. of Phoenicia,' p. 311), and Armenia (Ezekiel 27:13). Sometimes it is found pure, but generally in the shape of copper ore, which has to be "molten" for the pure metal to run off. Iron is taken out of the earth,.... Very easily, and in great plenty, and is more common, being in most countries, is nearer the surface of the earth, and here said to be taken "out of the dust" (x); which, being melted in a furnace, produces iron, a metal very serviceable for various rises, and without which there is scarce any thing to be done, and therefore was with brass of early invention. Tubalcain, son of Lamech, supposed to be the Vulcan of the Heathens, a worker in iron, is said to be the instructor of every artificer in brass and iron, Genesis 4:22;

and brass is molten out of the stone; out of a brassy stone, called "cadmai", as Pliny says, and also out of another, as he observes (y), called "chalcites", found in Cyprus, where was the first invention of brass, according to him, and hence perhaps copper had its name; but it is plain from Scripture, the places before referred to, that it was invented elsewhere, and long before Cyprus was known; or a "stone melted becomes brass", see Deuteronomy 8:9; of these four metals was the image in Nebuchadnezzar's vision, which represented the four monarchies of the world, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, Daniel 2:30; and to them are compared, and by them are represented many things in Scripture.

(x) "e pulvere", V. L. Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius, Michaelis, Schultens. (y) Nat. Hist. l. 34. c. 1, 2.2. brass—that is, copper; for brass is a mixed metal of copper and zinc, of modern invention. Iron is less easily discovered, and wrought, than copper; therefore copper was in common use long before iron. Copper-stone is called "cadmium" by Pliny [Natural History, 34:1; 36:21]. Iron is fitly said to be taken out of the "earth" (dust), for ore looks like mere earth.28:1-11 Job maintained that the dispensations of Providence were regulated by the highest wisdom. To confirm this, he showed of what a great deal of knowledge and wealth men may make themselves masters. The caverns of the earth may be discovered, but not the counsels of Heaven. Go to the miners, thou sluggard in religion, consider their ways, and be wise. Let their courage and diligence in seeking the wealth that perishes, shame us out of slothfulness and faint-heartedness in labouring for the true riches. How much better is it to get wisdom than gold! How much easier, and safer! Yet gold is sought for, but grace neglected. Will the hopes of precious things out of the earth, so men call them, though really they are paltry and perishing, be such a spur to industry, and shall not the certain prospect of truly precious things in heaven be much more so?
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