Exodus 25:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover.

New Living Translation
Then make two cherubim from hammered gold, and place them on the two ends of the atonement cover.

English Standard Version
And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work shall you make them, on the two ends of the mercy seat.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Make two cherubim of gold; make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

International Standard Version
You are to make two cherubim of gold; you are to make them of hammered work at the two ends of the Mercy Seat.

NET Bible
You are to make two cherubim of gold; you are to make them of hammered metal on the two ends of the atonement lid.

New Heart English Bible
You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Make two angels out of hammered gold for the two ends of the throne of mercy,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the ark-cover.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the seat of reconciliation.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of hammered work shall you make them, on the two ends of the mercy seat.

American King James Version
And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shall you make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold, on the two sides of the oracle.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy-seat.

World English Bible
You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Young's Literal Translation
and thou hast made two cherubs of gold, beaten work dost thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat;
Study Bible
The Mercy Seat
17"You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide. 18"You shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat. 19"Make one cherub at one end and one cherub at the other end; you shall make the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat at its two ends.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:5
Above the ark were the cherubim of glory, overshadowing the mercy seat. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.

Genesis 3:24
So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.

Exodus 25:17
"You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide.

Exodus 25:19
"Make one cherub at one end and one cherub at the other end; you shall make the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat at its two ends.

1 Chronicles 28:18
and for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, even the cherubim that spread out their wings and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.

2 Chronicles 3:10
Then he made two sculptured cherubim in the room of the holy of holies and overlaid them with gold.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shall you make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

two cherubims of gold

Exodus 37:7-9 And he made two cherubim of gold, beaten out of one piece made he …

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden …

1 Samuel 4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the …

1 Kings 6:23-28 And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten …

1 Kings 8:6,7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD to …

1 Chronicles 28:18 And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for …

Ezekiel 10:2,20 And he spoke to the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between …

Ezekiel 41:18,19 And it was made with cherubim and palm trees, so that a palm tree …

Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which …

(18) Two cherubims.--"Cherubims," or rather cherubim, had been known previously in one connection only--they had been the guardians of Eden when Adam and Eve were driven forth from it (Genesis 3:24). It is generally allowed that in that passage, as in most others where the word occurs, living beings, angels of God, are intended. But not all angels are cherubim. The cherubim constitute a select class, very near to God, very powerful, very resolute, highly fitted to act as guards. It is probably with this special reference that the cherubic figures were selected to be placed upon the mercy seat--they guarded the precious deposit of the two tables, towards which they looked (Exodus 25:20). The question as to the exact form of the figures is not very important; but it is one which has been discussed with great ingenuity and at great length. Some hold that the proper figure of a cherub is that of a bull or ox, and think that the cherubim of the tabernacle were winged bulls, not unlike the Assyrian. Others regard them as figures still more composite, like the Egyptian sphinxes or the chimr of the Greeks. But the predominant opinion seems to be that they were simply human figures with the addition of a pair of wings. (So Kaiisch, Keil, Bishop Harold Browne, Canon Cook, and others.) In this case they would bear a considerable resemblance to the figures of Ma, or Truth, so often seen inside Egyptian arks, sheltering with their wings the searabus or some other emblem of deity.

Of beaten work--i.e., not cast, but brought into shape by the hammer. In the Egyptian language karabu was "to hammer," whence, according to some, the word "cherub."

In the. two ends.--Literally, from the two ends--rising, that is, from either end of the mercy seat.

Verse 18. - Two cherubims. The form "cherubims," which our translators affect, is abnormal and indefensible. They should have said either "cherubim," or "cherubs." The exact shape of the Temple cherubim was kept a profound secret among the Jews, so that Josephus declares - "No one is able to state, or conjecture of what form the cherubim were" (Ant. Jud. 8:3, § 3). That they were winged figures appears from verse 28 of this chapter, while from other parts of Scripture we learn that cherubim might be of either human or animal forms, or of the two combined (Ezekiel 1:5-14; Ezekiel 10:1-22). These last have been with some reason compared to the symbolical composite figures of other nations, the andro-sphinxes and crio-sphinxes of the Egyptians, the Assyrian winged bulls and lions, the Greek chimaerae, and the griffins of the northern nations. But it is doubtful whether the cherubim of Moses were of this character. The most sober of recent inquirers (Bp. Harold Browne, Canon Cook, Kalisch, Keil),while admitting the point to be doubtful, come to the conclusion that they were in all probability, "winged human figures, with human face too." In this case their prototype would seem to have been the winged figures of Ma, the Goddess of Truth, frequently seen inside Egyptian arks, sheltering with their wings the scarabaeus or other emblem of the deity. (See Lepsius, Denkmaler, pt. 3. pl. 14; Wilkinson in Rawlinson's Herodotus, vol. it. p. 85, 2nd edition; Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 1. p. 3040 Of beaten work shalt thou make them. Not cast, i.e., but hammered into shape (LXX. τορευτά. The word "cherub" is thought to be derived from an Egyptian root, karabu, signifying "to hammer" (Speaker's Commentary, vol. 4. p. 207). In the two ends. Rather, "From the two ends" - i.e., "rising," or, "standing up from the two ends." And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold,.... Which some take to be in the form of birds, and others of winged animals, such as the like were never seen, so Josephus; the Jews commonly suppose they were in the form of young men, which they observe the word signifies in the Chaldee language; others, that they were in the form of an ox, the face of an ox and a cherub being the same, Ezekiel 1:10 and indeed their form is best discerned from account of them in Ezekiel, and in the Revelation, and from the latter we best learn what they were; they were hieroglyphics or emblems, not of the two Testaments, as many of the ancients, nor of the angels, since they are distinguished from them, much less of the trinity of persons in the Godhead; but either of the saints and true believers in Christ in common, of both dispensations, legal and evangelical, and so signified by the number "two"; and being made of gold may denote their excellency, worth, and value in the esteem of Christ; for the precious sons of Sion are comparable to fine gold for their preciousness, solidity, and duration, as well as for their sincerity and simplicity; or rather of the ministers of the word in particular; and these may be signified by two, and at the prophets of the Old Testament and the apostles of the New; and the ministers of the word in all ages, and particularly during the reign of antichrist, are called the two witnesses that prophesy in sackcloth; and being said to be of gold, may respect the grace of God bestowed on "them", comparable to gold, the gifts of the Spirit of God they are furnished with, as well as the precious truths of the Gospel committed to their trust:

of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat; not of gold melted and poured into a mould, and so received the form of the cherubim; nor were they first made by themselves, and then placed at the two ends of the mercy seat, and soldered to it; but they were made of the same mass of gold with the mercy seat, and beaten out of it with an hammer, and planished and smoothed, and so wrought up into this form, as appears by the following verse; and may denote the union of believers to Christ, who are one body and one spirit with him; and the union of the Old and New Testament churches in him, and who are but one church, one body, of which he is the head; and as he is the foundation of the apostles or prophets, on whom they are laid, he is the cornerstone in which they are united; and so it may likewise signify the nearness of the ministers of the word to Christ, their dependence on him, and their partaking of the same gifts and graces of his Spirit, only in measure, being made by him able ministers of the Gospel. 18. two cherubim—The real meaning of these figures, as well as the shape or form of them, is not known with certainty—probably similar to what was afterwards introduced into the temple, and described in Eze 10:8-22. They stretched out their wings, and their faces were turned towards the mercy seat [Ex 25:20], probably in a bowing attitude. The prevailing opinion now is, that those splendid figures were symbolical not of angelic but of earthly and human beings—the members of the Church of God interested in the dispensation of grace, the redeemed in every age—and that these hieroglyphic forms symbolized the qualities of the true people of God—courage, patience, intelligence, and activity.25:10-22 The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angels' attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.
Jump to Previous
Ark-Cover Beaten Cherubim Cherubs Cover Ends Gold Hammered Mercy Mercy-Seat Ones Seat Winged Work
Jump to Next
Ark-Cover Beaten Cherubim Cherubs Cover Ends Gold Hammered Mercy Mercy-Seat Ones Seat Winged Work
Links
Exodus 25:18 NIV
Exodus 25:18 NLT
Exodus 25:18 ESV
Exodus 25:18 NASB
Exodus 25:18 KJV

Exodus 25:18 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 25:18 Chinese Bible
Exodus 25:18 French Bible
Exodus 25:18 German Bible

Alphabetical: And at cherubim cover ends gold hammered make mercy of out seat shall the them two work you

OT Law: Exodus 25:18 You shall make two cherubim of hammered (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 25:17
Top of Page
Top of Page