1 Kings 6:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For the inner sanctuary he made a pair of cherubim out of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

New Living Translation
He made two cherubim of wild olive wood, each 15 feet tall, and placed them in the inner sanctuary.

English Standard Version
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high.

Berean Study Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood.

New American Standard Bible
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

King James Bible
And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

Contemporary English Version
Solomon had two statues of winged creatures made from olive wood to put in the most holy place. Each creature was four and a half meters tall

Good News Translation
Two winged creatures were made of olive wood and placed in the Most Holy Place, each one 15 feet tall.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

International Standard Version
Inside the inner sanctuary Solomon placed two cherubim crafted from olive wood, each ten cubits high.

NET Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubs of olive wood; each stood 15 feet high.

New Heart English Bible
In the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the inner room he made two 15-foot-tall angels out of olive wood.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the Sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

New American Standard 1977
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

King James 2000 Bible
And within the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

American King James Version
And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

American Standard Version
And in the oracle he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he made in the oracle two cherubims of olive tree, of ten cubits in height.

Darby Bible Translation
And he made in the oracle two cherubim of olive-wood, ten cubits high;

English Revised Version
And in the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Webster's Bible Translation
And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

World English Bible
In the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Young's Literal Translation
And he maketh within the oracle two cherubs, of the oil-tree, ten cubits is their height;
Study Bible
The Cherubim
23In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood. 24One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing five cubits as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.…
Cross References
Exodus 37:7
He made two cherubim of hammered of gold at the ends of the mercy seat,

1 Kings 6:24
One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing five cubits as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.

1 Kings 6:31
For the entrance of the inner sanctuary, Solomon constructed doors of olive wood with five-sided doorposts.

1 Kings 6:32
The double doors were made of olive wood, and he carved into them cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers and overlaid the cherubim and palm trees with hammered gold.

2 Chronicles 3:10
In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of sculptured work, and he overlaid them with gold.

Treasury of Scripture

And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

two cherubims These were distinct from, and much larger than those which covered the mercy-seat.

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden …

Exodus 25:18-22 And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shall you …

Exodus 37:7-9 And he made two cherubim of gold, beaten out of one piece made he …

2 Chronicles 3:10-13 And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work, and …

Psalm 18:10 And he rode on a cherub, and did fly: yes, he did fly on the wings of the wind.

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; …

Isaiah 37:16 O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwell between the cherubim, …

Ezekiel 10:2 And he spoke to the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between …

Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for …

1 Peter 1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did …

olive tree. or, oily trees. [heb] trees of oil







(23) Cherubim.--These were copied from the Tabernacle, but apparently with some differences, over and above the necessary increase of size, and the change of material from solid gold to olive-wood overlaid with gold. In Exodus 25:18-20; Exodus 37:7-9, they are described as having their faces towards the mercy-seat, and covering the mercy-seat with their wings. Here, from the careful description of the outstretched wings, of ten cubits in width for each cherub, meeting in the midst of the house and touching the walls, it would seem that they must have been turned so as to face the entrance. The cherubim over the ark are described only in three places in the Old Testament--in the passages in Exodus, here, and in the parallel 2Chronicles 3:10-13, and in those great visions of the priestly prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:4-25; Ezekiel 10:1-22) which have determined the imagery of the Apocalypse. In no case is their form distinctly mentioned, unless, by comparison of Ezekiel 10:14-15 with Ezekiel 1:10, it may be inferred to have been the form of a winged bull; whence would be naturally derived the golden calves of the idolatry introduced into Israel in the time of Jeroboam. Josephus, indeed, in his description of the Temple (Antt. viii. c. 3, ? 3), expressly says that "no one can tell, or even conjecture, of what shape the cherubim were." The tradition, therefore, must have been lost in the Second Temple, where there was no ark; and this is the more strange, because in Exodus 26:1 the cherubim are said to have been represented in the embroidery of the curtains, and here (in 1Kings 6:32; 1Kings 6:35) to have been similarly carved on the walls.

But, whatever the cherubim were, it is certain that they were in no sense representations or emblems of Deity, like the winged figures of Assyria or Egypt, with which they have been often compared. They appear to symbolise the great physical forces of the universe, as guided by superhuman angelic intelligence to serve the supreme will of God. Thus, when first mentioned in Scripture (Genesis 4:24), the cherubim are associated with "the flaming sword, turning every way, to guard the tree of life"; in Psalm 18:10, the Lord is said "to ride upon the cherubim," and "come flying upon the wings of the wind"; in Ezekiel 1:10, the four living creatures, or cherubim, sustain the throne of God, and bear it away upon their wings; in Revelation 4:6-8; Revelation 5:8-9, the same living creatures unite with the elders representing the Church of redeemed humanity, in worship of the Lord upon His throne. The representation, therefore, of the cherubim in the Temple simply expresses the claim for Jehovah, the God of Israel, of such lordship over all creation as is hymned in the seraphic song of Isaiah 6:3. Possibly the change of attitude of the cherubim in the Temple denoted a change of idea, characteristic of Solomon and his age. The old attitude is clearly that of worship of God: the new rather of manifestation of His glory to man.

Verse 23. - And within the oracle [The description now passes on to the mysterious symbolic figures which were placed in the holy of holies] he made two cherubims [As to the nature, composition, and significance of the cherubim, see notes on Exodus 25:19; 37:7. The only particulars which will require notice here are those in which the cherub of the temple differed from that of the tabernacle] of olive tree [Heb. trees or wood of oil. The oleaster (wild olive) is supposed to be intended, the proper name for the olive tree being זַיִת (Nehemiah 8:15). The wood of the oleaster, which is firm, fine grained, and durable, was used by the Greeks for the images of their gods (Winer). The cherubim of the tabernacle were of solid gold; those of the temple, on account of their great size (fifteen feet high) were necessarily of less costly material. But though of wood, yet the most durable and beautiful of wood, the olive, was employed in their construction. It is noticeable how olive wood is employed for the cherubim and doors of oracle, and for the posts of the temple doorway; the less precious cedar was used for lining the walls and for Beams, etc., while for the floor and doors of house, the commoner cypress sufficed], each ten cubits high. [Half the height of the oracle. They occupied its entire width (ver. 24). And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree,.... Or of the oil tree, as in Isaiah 41:19; see Nehemiah 8:15; for there are other trees besides olives, out of which oil is pressed, as pine trees, cypress trees, &c. and which some think are here meant; though the Targum interprets it of the olive tree: these cherubim are different from those made by Moses, and were besides them; these were larger than they; these were made of olive wood, they of gold; these stood on the floor of the house, they at the two ends of the mercy seat, and were made out of it, and were with it in this holy place in Solomon's temple: these two cherubim may be emblems of the angels in their greatness and glory, who are always in the presence of God, behold his face, and wait to do his will; or it may be rather of the two witnesses, said to be the two olive trees standing before the God of the whole earth, Revelation 11:3; who have boldness to enter into the holiest of all, and have sight and knowledge of the mysteries of the ark and mercy seat; have their commission from heaven, and speak according to the oracles of God; these are said to be of image work, 2 Chronicles 3:10; that is, of various forms, as the thee of a man, a lion, an ox, and eagle, Ezekiel 1:10. Dr. Lightfoot thinks (g) they resembled the two Testaments, which in their beginning and end reach the two sides of the world, the creation and the last judgment, and in the middle do sweetly join the one to the other:

each ten cubits high; half as high as the most holy place; emblems either of the high angels, those thrones, dominions, principalities, and powers, or of men of uncommon size as to their gifts and grace.

(g) Prospect of the Temple, c. 15. sect. 4. 6:15-38 See what was typified by this temple. 1. Christ is the true Temple. In him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead; in him meet all God's spiritual Israel; through him we have access with confidence to God. 2. Every believer is a living temple, in whom the Spirit of God dwells, 1Co 3:16. This living temple is built upon Christ as its Foundation, and will be perfect in due time. 3. The gospel church is the mystical temple. It grows to a holy temple in the Lord, enriched and beautified with the gifts and graces of the Spirit. This temple is built firm, upon a Rock. 4. Heaven is the everlasting temple. There the church will be fixed. All that shall be stones in that building, must, in the present state of preparation, be fitted and made ready for it. Let sinners come to Jesus as the living Foundation, that they may be built on him, a part of this spiritual house, consecrated in body and soul to the glory of God.



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