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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaBREASTPLATE OF THE HIGH PRIEST
prest: The Hebrew word choshen, rendered in the King James Version "breastplate," means really a "pouch" or "bag." The references to it are found exclusively in the Priestly Code (Exodus 25:7; Exodus 28; Exodus 28 29:5; Exodus 28 35:9, 27 Leviticus 8:8). The descriptions of its composition and particularly the directions with regard to wearing it are exceedingly obscure. According to Ezra 2:63 and Nehemiah 7:65 the Urim and Thummim, which were called in the priestly pouch, were lost during the Babylonian exile. The actual pouch was a "span in length and a span in breadth," i.e. about 9 inch square. It was made, like the ephod, of "gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen" (Exodus 28:15 f). In it were twelve precious stones, in rows of four, representing the twelve tribes of Israel. Apparently the pouch had two rings (perhaps four) through which passed two gold chains by which it was fastened to the ephod supplied for the purpose with ouches or clasps. The pouch was worn by the high priest over his heart when he entered the "holy place" "for a memorial before Yahweh." The presence of the high priest, the representative of the people, with the names of the separate tribes on his person, brought each tribe before the notice of Yahweh and thereby directed His attention to them. The full designation was choshen mishpaT, "pouch of judgment" or "decision." It was the distinctive symbol of the priest in his capacity as the giver of oracles. As already suggested the priestly pouch contained the Urim and Thummim which were probably precious stones used as lots in giving decisions. In all probability the restored text of 1 Samuel 14:41 preserves the true custom. On one side stood Saul and Jonathan, and the people on the other side. If the result was Urim, Saul and Jonathan would be the guilty parties. If the result was Thummim, the guilt would fasten on the people.
Greek2382. thorax -- a breastplate
... a breastplate. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: thorax Phonetic
Spelling: (tho'-rax) Short Definition: a breast-plate Definition: a breast-plate ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2382.htm - 7k
Strong's Hebrew224. Urim -- part of the high priest's breastplate
... 223b, 224. Urim. 225 . part of the high priest's breastplate. Transliteration:
Urim Phonetic Spelling: (oo-reem') Short Definition: Urim. Word Origin pl. ...
/hebrew/224.htm - 6k
8537. tom -- completeness, integrity, also part of the high ...
8302. shiryon -- body armor
2833. choshen -- breastpiece, sacred pouch
8550. Tummim -- Thummim
'The Breastplate of Righteousness'
The Names on Aaron's Breastplate
That the Ruler Should be Pure in Thought.
Concerning the Garments of the Priests, and of the High Priest.
The Shield of Faith
Ephesians vi. 14-17
How the Philistines Made Another Expedition against the Hebrews ...
Book ix. On Jerusalem and Her Enemies
Obscure Passages are to be Interpreted by those which are Clearer.
Smith's Bible DictionaryBreastplate
ATS Bible DictionaryBreastplate
A piece of embroidery, about ten inches square, Exodus 28:15-30, of very rich work, which the high priest wore on his breast. It was made of two pieces of the same rich embroidered stuff of which the ephod was made, having a front and a lining, and forming a kind of purse or bag, in which, according to the rabbins, the Urim and Thummim were enclosed. The front of it was set with twelve precious stones, on each of which was engraved the name of one of the tribes. They were placed in four rows, and divided from each other by the little golden squares or partitions in which they were set. At each corner was a gold ring answering to a ring upon the ephod, these four pairs of rings serving to hold the breastplate in its place on the front of the ephod, by means of four blue ribands, one at each corner.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(2.) An ornament covering the breast of the high priest, first mentioned in Exodus 25:7. It was made of embroidered cloth, set with four rows of precious stones, three in each row. On each stone was engraved the name of one of the twelve tribes (Exodus 28:15-29; 39:8-21). It was in size about ten inches square. The two upper corners were fastened to the ephod by blue ribbons. It was not to be "loosed from the ephod" (Exodus 28:28). The lower corners were fastened to the girdle of the priest. As it reminded the priest of his representative character, it was called the memorial (28:29). It was also called the breastplate of judgment (28:15). (see PRIEST.)
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A plate of metal covering the breast as defensive armor.
2. (n.) A piece against which the workman presses his breast in operating a breast drill, or other similar tool.
3. (n.) A strap that runs across a horse's breast.
4. (n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.
ThesaurusBreastplate (45 Occurrences)
... It was also called the breastplate of judgment (28:15). (see PRIEST.). Noah Webster's
Dictionary. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. BREASTPLATE OF THE HIGH PRIEST ...
/b/breastplate.htm - 24k
Breastpiece (21 Occurrences)
Ends (108 Occurrences)
Rings (46 Occurrences)
Woven (40 Occurrences)
Ephod (45 Occurrences)
Waistband (15 Occurrences)
Edges (28 Occurrences)
Skillfully (12 Occurrences)
Corners (56 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceBreastplate (45 Occurrences)
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having the utility belt of truth buckled around your waist, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, since we belong to the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and, for a helmet, the hope of salvation.
Exodus 25:7 onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate.
Exodus 28:4 These are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of checker work, a turban, and a sash: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.
Exodus 28:15 "You shall make a breastplate of judgment, the work of the skillful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it; of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, you shall make it.
Exodus 28:22 You shall make on the breastplate chains like cords, of braided work of pure gold.
Exodus 28:23 You shall make on the breastplate two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
Exodus 28:24 You shall put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.
Exodus 28:26 You shall make two rings of gold, and you shall put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on its edge, which is toward the side of the ephod inward.
Exodus 28:28 They shall bind the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastplate may not swing out from the ephod.
Exodus 28:29 Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he goes in to the holy place, for a memorial before Yahweh continually.
Exodus 28:30 You shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be on Aaron's heart, when he goes in before Yahweh: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel on his heart before Yahweh continually.
Exodus 29:5 You shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the coat, the robe of the ephod, the ephod, and the breastplate, and dress him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod;
Exodus 35:9 onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate.
Exodus 35:27 The rulers brought the onyx stones, and the stones to be set, for the ephod and for the breastplate;
Exodus 39:8 He made the breastplate, the work of a skillful workman, like the work of the ephod; of gold, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exodus 39:9 It was square. They made the breastplate double. Its length was a span, and its breadth a span, being double.
Exodus 39:15 They made on the breastplate chains like cords, of braided work of pure gold.
Exodus 39:16 They made two settings of gold, and two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
Exodus 39:17 They put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.
Exodus 39:19 They made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on its edge, which was toward the side of the ephod inward.
Exodus 39:21 They bound the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not come loose from the ephod, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
Leviticus 8:8 He placed the breastplate on him; and in the breastplate he put the Urim and the Thummim.
2 Samuel 22:3 My God, my Rock, in him will I put my faith; my breastplate, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my safe place; my saviour, who keeps me safe from the violent man.
2 Samuel 22:36 You have given me the breastplate of your salvation, and your mercy has made me great.
Job 15:26 Running against him like a man of war, covered by his thick breastplate; even like a king ready for the fight,
Psalms 7:10 God, who is the saviour of the upright in heart, is my breastplate.
Psalms 18:2 The Lord is my Rock, my walled town, and my saviour; my God, my Rock, in him will I put my faith; my breastplate, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
Psalms 18:30 As for God, his way is completely good; the word of the Lord is tested; he is a breastplate for all those who put their faith in him.
Psalms 18:35 You have given me the breastplate of your salvation: your right hand has been my support, and your mercy has made me great.
Psalms 28:7 The Lord is my strength and my breastplate, my heart had faith in him and I am helped; for this cause my heart is full of rapture, and I will give him praise in my song.
Psalms 35:2 Be a breastplate to me, and give me your help.
Psalms 89:18 For our breastplate is the Lord; and our king is the Holy One of Israel's.
Psalms 115:9 O Israel, have faith in the Lord: he is their help and their breastplate.
Psalms 115:10 O house of Aaron, have faith in the Lord: he is their help and their breastplate.
Psalms 115:11 You worshippers of the Lord, have faith in the Lord: he is their help and their breastplate.
Psalms 119:114 You are my secret place and my breastplate against danger; my hope is in your word.
Proverbs 2:7 He has salvation stored up for the upright, he is a breastplate to those in whom there is no evil;
Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is tested: he is a breastplate to those who put their faith in him.
Isaiah 22:6 And Elam was armed with arrows, and Aram came on horseback; and the breastplate of Kir was uncovered.
Isaiah 59:17 He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a mantle.
Jeremiah 46:3 Get out the breastplate and body-cover, and come together to the fight.
Ezekiel 23:24 And they will come against you from the north on horseback, with war-carriages and a great band of peoples; they will put themselves in order against you with breastplate and body-cover and metal head-dress round about you: and I will make them your judges, and they will give their decision against you as seems right to them.
Ezekiel 38:4 And turning you round, I will put hooks in your mouth and make you come out with all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them in full war-dress, a great force with breastplate and body-cover, all of them armed with swords:
Joel 3:16 And the Lord will be thundering from Zion, and his voice will be sounding from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth will be shaking: but the Lord will be a breastplate for his people and a strong place for the children of Israel.
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