Ezra 2:63
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there was a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.

New Living Translation
The governor told them not to eat the priests' share of food from the sacrifices until a priest could consult the LORD about the matter by using the Urim and Thummim--the sacred lots.

English Standard Version
The governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim.

New American Standard Bible
The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim.

King James Bible
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The governor ordered them not to eat the most holy things until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim.

International Standard Version
Governor Zerubbabel also ruled that they shouldn't eat anything holy until a priest arose with Urim and Thummim.

NET Bible
The governor instructed them not to eat any of the sacred food until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim.

New Heart English Bible
The governor said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, until there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The governor told them not to eat any of the most holy food until a priest could use the Urim and Thummim [to settle the problem].

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

New American Standard 1977
And the governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Tirshatha said unto them that they should not eat of the most holy things until there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim.

King James 2000 Bible
And the governor said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till a priest could consult with Urim and with Thummim.

American King James Version
And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

American Standard Version
And the governor said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Athersatha said to them, that they should not eat of the holy of holies, till there arose a priest learned and perfect.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Tirshatha said to them that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

English Revised Version
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

World English Bible
The governor said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, until there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Tirshatha saith to them, that they eat not of the most holy things till the standing up of a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Study Bible
Priests Removed
62These searched among their ancestral registration, but they could not be located; therefore they were considered unclean and excluded from the priesthood. 63The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim. 64The whole assembly numbered 42,360,…
Cross References
Exodus 28:30
"You shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron's heart when he goes in before the LORD; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before the LORD continually.

Leviticus 2:3
'The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to the LORD by fire.

Leviticus 2:10
'The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy of the offerings to the LORD by fire.

Leviticus 8:8
He then placed the breastpiece on him, and in the breastpiece he put the Urim and the Thummim.

Numbers 27:21
"Moreover, he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the judgment of the Urim before the LORD. At his command they shall go out and at his command they shall come in, both he and the sons of Israel with him, even all the congregation."

Ezra 2:64
The whole assembly numbered 42,360,
Treasury of Scripture

And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Tirshatha. or, governor (The person who held this office at this time was probably Zerubbabel. The word Tirshatha is supposed to be Persian; and if, as Castel supposes, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is impressed by the authority of a governor, it may be derived from tars, 'ear,' or tursh, 'acid, austere.')

Nehemiah 7:65 And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most …

Nehemiah 8:9 And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, …

Nehemiah 10:1 Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, …

should not

Leviticus 2:3,10 And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': …

Leviticus 6:17,29 It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it to them for their …

Leviticus 7:16 But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, …

Leviticus 10:17,18 Why have you not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing …

Leviticus 22:2,3,10,14-16 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from …

Numbers 18:9-11,19 This shall be your of the most holy things, reserved from the fire: …

Numbers 18:32 And you shall bear no sin by reason of it, when you have heaved from …

Urim

Exodus 28:30 And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the …

Leviticus 8:8 And he put the breastplate on him: also he put in the breastplate …

Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel …

Deuteronomy 33:8 And of Levi he said, Let your Thummim and your Urim be with your …

1 Samuel 28:6 And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither …

(63) Tirshatha.--Interchangeable with Pechah, or governor, as Zerubbabel is called in chapter 5:14 and always in Haggai. It is probably an old Persian term, signifying "The Feared."

With Urim and with Thummim.--See Exodus 28:30. They were pronounced to be excluded from priestly functions. Without ark or temple, the people had not as yet that special presence of Jehovah before which the high priest could "inquire of the Lord by Urim and Thummim." Zerubbabel might hope that this privilege would return, and thought the official purity of the priestly line of sufficient importance for such an inquiry. But the holy of holies in the new temple never had in it the ancient "tokens "; and by Urim and Thummim Jehovah was never again inquired of.

Verse 63. - The Tirshatha. As "Shesh-bazzar" was the Babylonian name of Zerub-babel (Ezra 1:8), so "the Tirshatha" seems to have been his Persian title. The word is probably a participial form from tars or tarsa, "to fear," and means literally "the Feared." It is used only by Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 7:65; Nehemiah 8:9). Haggai calls Zerubbabel uniformly pechah, "governor (Haggai 1:1, 14; Haggai 2:2, 21). They should not eat of the most holy things. The priests' portion of the offerings, called "most holy" in Leviticus 2:2, 10, is intended. Of this no "stranger" might eat (ibid. 22:10). Till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim. Zerubbabel evidently expected that the power of obtaining direct answers from God by means of the Urim and Thummim, whatever they were (see note on Exodus 28:30), which had existed in the pre-captivity Church, would be restored when the Church was re-established in its ancient home. The doubt whether the families of Habaiah and Coz (or Haccoz) belonged to the priestly class or no might then be resolved. But Zerubbabel's expectation was disappointed. The gift of Urim and Thum-mira, forfeited by disobedience, was never recovered. And the Tirshatha said unto them,.... By whom Jarchi understands Nehemiah, and observes, that their rabbins say he was so called, because the wise men allowed him to drink the wine of the Gentiles, he being cupbearer to the king; but Aben Ezra, with greater probability, takes it to be a name of honour and grandeur in the Chaldee language, as a prince or governor; and no doubt Zerubbabel is meant, the prince of the Jews, the same with Sheshbazzar, Ezra 1:8 according to Gussetius (w), this office was the same with that of the king's commissary in a province, delegated to carry his orders, make them known, and see them put in execution; and that this name Tirshatha is the same with Tithraustes in Aelian (x); but that seems to be not the title of an office, but the personal name of a man that was a chiliarch:

that they should not eat of the most holy things; as of the shewbread, and those parts of the sin offerings, and of the peace offerings and meat offerings, which belonged to the priests, which the governor forbid these to eat of, who were rejected from the priesthood:

till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim; as yet there was not any priest that had them; they were not to be found at the return from Babylon; the governor might hope they would be found, and a priest appear clothed with them, when it might be inquired of the Lord by them, whether such priests, before described, might eat of the holy things or not; but since the Jews (y) acknowledge that these were one of the five things wanting in the second temple; it is all one, as the Talmudists (z) express it, as if it had been said, until the dead rise, or the Messiah comes; and who is come, the true High Priest, and with whom are the true Urim and Thummim, lights and perfections to the highest degree, being full of grace and truth; of the Urim and Thummim; see Gill on Exodus 28:30.

(w) Ebr. Comment. p. 809. (x) Var. Hist. l. 1. c. 21. Vid. Corn. Nep. Vit. Conon. l. 9. c. 3.((y) T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 21. 2.((z) T. Bab. Sotah, fol. 48. 2. & Gloss. in Kiddushin, fol. 60. 2.63. Tirshatha—a title borne by the Persian governors of Judea (see also Ne 7:65-70; 8:9; 10:1). It is derived from the Persian torsh ("severe"), and is equivalent to "your severity," "your awfulness."2:36-63 Those who undervalue their relation to the Lord in times of reproach, persecution, or distress, will have no benefit from it when it becomes honourable or profitable. Those who have no evidence that they are, by the new birth, spiritual priests unto God, through Jesus Christ, have no right to the comforts and privileges of Christians.
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