Ezra 2:64
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The whole company numbered 42,360,

New Living Translation
So a total of 42,360 people returned to Judah,

English Standard Version
The whole assembly together was 42,360,

New American Standard Bible
The whole assembly numbered 42,360,

King James Bible
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The whole combined assembly numbered 42,360

International Standard Version
The entire assembly numbered 42,360,

NET Bible
The entire group numbered 42,360,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The whole assembly totaled 42,360.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The whole congregation united as one man was forty-two thousand three hundred and seventy,

King James 2000 Bible
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

American King James Version
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and three score,

American Standard Version
The whole assembly together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Douay-Rheims Bible
All the multitudes as one man, were forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty:

Darby Bible Translation
The whole congregation together was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty,

English Revised Version
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Webster's Bible Translation
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and sixty,

World English Bible
The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred sixty,

Young's Literal Translation
All the assembly together is four myriad two thousand three hundred sixty,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:64-70 Let none complain of the needful expenses of their religion. Seek first the kingdom of God, his favour and his glory, then will all other things be added unto them. Their offerings were nothing, compared with the offerings of the princes in David's time; yet, being according to their ability, were as acceptable to God. The Lord will carry us through all undertakings entered on according to his will, with an aim to his glory, and dependence on his assistance. Those who, at the call of the gospel, renounce sin and return to the Lord, shall be guarded and guided through all perils of the way, and arrive safely at the mansions provided in the holy city of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 64. - The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. Ezra's numbers, as given in detail (vers. 3-60), produce when added together a total of only 29,818; Nehemiah's items (Nehemiah 7:8-62) give a total of 31,089; those of the apocryphal Esdras a total of 33,950. The three authorities agree, however, in their summation, all alike declaring that the actual number of those who returned with Zerubbabel was 42,360. Esdras adds that children under twelve years of age are not included. If this were so, the entire number must have exceeded 50,000 - an enormous body of persons to transport a distance of above a thousand miles, according to Western experience, but one which will not surprise those acquainted with the East. In the East caravans of from ten to twenty thousand souls often traverse huge distances without serious mishap, and migrations frequently take place on a much grander scale. In the year 1771, 50,000 families of Torgouths, reckoned to number 300,000 souls, arrived on the frontiers of China, after a journey of 10,000 leagues through a most difficult country, and were given lands in the Chinese empire. They were followed in the next year by 180,000 Eleuths and others, who had accomplished a similar distance (see De Hell, 'Travels,' pp. 228, 229). Jenghis Khan is said to have forced 100,000 artisans and craftsmen to emigrate in a body from Khiva into Mongolia (Howarth's 'History of the Mongols,' p. 85). The transplantation of entire nations was an established practice among the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians. THE NUMBER OF THE SLAVES, HORSES, MULES, CAMELS, AND ASSES OF THOSE WHO RETURNED (vers, 65-67). It may seem strange that matters of this trivial character should be recorded with such exactness in Holy Writ; but enumerations similar in character are not unfrequent (see Genesis 23:14, 15; 2 Chronicles 17:11; Job 42:12). They may perhaps be viewed as teaching the lesson that with God nothing is too trivial for exact knowledge, even "all the hairs of our head" being "numbered" (Matthew 10:30). In the present passage the enumeration is not altogether without a further historical value, since it is indicative of the general poverty and low estate of the returning exiles, who had but one slave and one ass to every six of their number, one horse to every sixty, one camel to every hundred, and one mule to every one hundred and seventy-five.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. But the sums before given make no more, with Zerubbabel, and the ten principal men, than 29,829, so that there are more than 12,000 wanting; wherefore, in answer to the question, where are the 12,000? the Jews say in their chronology (a) these are they of the other tribes, who set up the altar on its bases, and gave money to the masons, &c. Ezra 3:1, this was a much larger number than were carried captive; see 2 Kings 24:14, but not to be compared with the number that came out of Egypt, Exodus 12:37. An Arabic writer (b) makes them 50,000, but wrongly.

(a) Seder Olam Rabba, c. 29. p. 86. (b) Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. Dyn. 5. p. 82.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

64. The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore—This gross amount is twelve thousand more than the particular numbers given in the catalogue, when added together, come to. Reckoning up the smaller numbers, we shall find that they amount to 29,818 in this chapter, and to 31,089 in the parallel chapter of Nehemiah [see Ne 7:66-69]. Ezra also mentions four hundred ninety-four persons omitted by Nehemiah, and Nehemiah mentions 1765 not noticed by Ezra. If, therefore, Ezra's surplus be added to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both become 31,583. Subtracting this from 42,360, there will be a deficiency of 10,777. These are omitted because they did not belong to Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other tribes. The servants and singers, male and female, are reckoned separately (Ezr 2:65), so that putting all these items together, the number of all who went with Zerubbabel amounted to fifty thousand, with eight thousand beasts of burden [Alting, quoted in Davidson's Hermeneutics].

Ezra 2:64 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Full Number and Possessions
64The whole assembly numbered 42,360, 65besides their male and female servants who numbered 7,337; and they had 200 singing men and women.…
Cross References
Ezra 2:63
The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there was a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.

Ezra 2:65
besides their 7,337 male and female slaves; and they also had 200 male and female singers.
Treasury of Scripture

The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and three score,

forty (Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely,

Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace has been showed from the LORD our …

Nehemiah 7:66-69 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three …

Isaiah 10:20-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, …

Jeremiah 23:3 And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries where …

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