2 Chronicles 28:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came to him, but he gave him trouble instead of help.

New Living Translation
So when King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria arrived, he attacked Ahaz instead of helping him.

English Standard Version
So Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

New American Standard Bible
So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

King James Bible
And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came against Ahaz; he oppressed him and did not give him support.

International Standard Version
King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria attacked Ahaz and, instead of helping him, attacked him.

NET Bible
King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria came, but he gave him more trouble than support.

New Heart English Bible
Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but did not strengthen him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Tillegath Pilneser of Assyria attacked Ahaz. Instead of strengthening Ahaz, Tillegath Pilneser made trouble for him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Tillegath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

New American Standard 1977
So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Tilgathpilneser, king of Assyria, came unto him, and distressed him but did not strengthen him.

King James 2000 Bible
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, and strengthened him not.

American King James Version
And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

American Standard Version
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he brought, against him Thelgathphalnasar king of the Assyrians, who also afflicted him, and plundered him without any resistance.

Darby Bible Translation
And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and troubled him, and did not support him.

English Revised Version
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

World English Bible
Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but didn't strengthen him.

Young's Literal Translation
And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Asshur cometh in unto him, and doth distress him, and hath not strengthened him,
Study Bible
Compromise with Assyria
19For the LORD humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very unfaithful to the LORD. 20So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him. 21Although Ahaz took a portion out of the house of the LORD and out of the palace of the king and of the princes, and gave it to the king of Assyria, it did not help him.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 5:6
Beerah his son, whom Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria carried away into exile; he was leader of the Reubenites.

1 Chronicles 5:26
So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, even the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away into exile, namely the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara and to the river of Gozan, to this day.

2 Chronicles 30:6
The couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with the letters from the hand of the king and his princes, even according to the command of the king, saying, "O sons of Israel, return to the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, that He may return to those of you who escaped and are left from the hand of the kings of Assyria.

Isaiah 7:17
"The LORD will bring on you, on your people, and on your father's house such days as have never come since the day that Ephraim separated from Judah, the king of Assyria."

Jeremiah 2:36
"Why do you go around so much Changing your way? Also, you will be put to shame by Egypt As you were put to shame by Assyria.

Ezekiel 16:28
"Moreover, you played the harlot with the Assyrians because you were not satisfied; you played the harlot with them and still were not satisfied.
Treasury of Scripture

And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

A.M.

2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, …

2 Kings 16:7-10 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, …

Tiglath-pilsesr

1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, …

Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went …

distressed him

2 Kings 17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went …

Isaiah 7:20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, …

Isaiah 30:3,16 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust …

Jeremiah 2:37 Yes, you shall go forth from him, and your hands on your head: for …

(20) Tilgath-pilneser (Heb., Pilne'ser). In 2 Kings more correctly called Tiglath-pileser (Pil'ser). (See Note on 1Chronicles 5:26.) According to the As syrian Eponym Canon, Tiglath-pileser II. came to the throne B.C. 745, and marched westward against Damascus and Israel, B.C. 734. The importance of these dates for the chronology of the period is obvious.

Came unto him.--Comp. the more detailed narrative in 2Kings 16:7-10; and see Note on 2Chronicles 28:16. Tiglath was induced by the message and present of Ahaz to undertake a campaign in the west; he captured Damascus, slew Rezin, and transported the population of the city to Kir (Kings, l.c.). After this, "king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria" (2Kings 16:10). The chronicler in the words before us, is estimating the results of this expedition as they affected the interests of Judah. At the prayer of Ahaz the Assyrian had indeed "come to him"; but not with any purpose of strengthening the southern kingdom. Glad of a pretext for interference in the affairs of the west, the ambitious usurper was simply bent on the extension of his own empire; and when the more powerful states of Syria and Israel lay at his feet, he naturally proceeded to require a most unequivocal acknowledgment of vassalage from Ahaz. He thus "distressed" or oppressed him by reducing his kingdom to a mere dependency of Assyria, besides impoverishing him of all his treasure, which Ahaz had sent as the price of this ruinous help.

Distressed him, but strengthened him not.--This is correct. A possible rendering is: "and besieged him, and conquered him not"; but the context is against it. (The word chazaq, "strengthened," everywhere else means to be strong, or, to prevail. LXX. omits the last words, rendering the whole ??? ???????? ?????. Syriac and Arabic, "besieged him." The Vulg. has: "et afflixit eum, et nullo resistente vastavit." That Judah now became tributary to Assyria is evident from 2Kings 18:7; 2Kings 18:14; 2Kings 18:20.

Verse 20. - Tilgath-Pilneser (see 1 Chronicles 5:6, 26; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 16:10, our parallel. See our notes in full on 1 Chronicles 5:6, 26). Gesenius dates his reign as King of Assyria as B.C. 753-734; others as about B.C. 747-728. Distressed him, but strengthened him not. This is in our writer's usual deeper moral and religious vein, and was no doubt most true. For all Ahaz paid and bribed out of the sacrilegiously employed treasure of the temple, out of the depreciating and partial dismantling of "the house of the king," and out of the begged contributions or taxes extortionately wrung "of the princes" (see the succinct account of next verse, and compare the parallel in its vers. 8, 18), he bought a master for himself, servitude, tributariness, and the humiliation of disgrace itself. The temporary relief he obtained (and which the writer of Chronicles in no way means to deny) from one enemy rivetted round his neck the yoke of another and greater. And worse than this, he secured in his own heart the greatest adversary of all - a restless, implacable foe, which ever goaded him on to worse folly and deeper sin. And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him,.... Not to Jerusalem, but to Damascus, where he made a diversion in his favour, and took that city, and where Ahaz met him, 2 Kings 16:9.

and distressed him, but strengthened him not; exhausted his treasures, and laid a tribute upon him, but did not help him against the Edomites and Philistines, or recover for him the cities they had taken from him; and, in taking Damascus, he served himself more than Ahaz, and paved the way for seizing upon the ten tribes. 20. Tilgath-pilneser … distressed him, but strengthened him not—that is, notwithstanding the temporary relief which Tilgath-pilneser afforded him by the conquest of Damascus and the slaughter of Rezin (2Ki 16:9), little advantage resulted from it, for Tilgath-pilneser spent the winter in voluptuous revelry at Damascus; and the connection formed with the Assyrian king was eventually a source of new and greater calamities and humiliation to the kingdom of Judah (2Ch 28:2, 3).28:1-27 The wicked reign of Ahaz in Judah. - Israel gained this victory because God was wroth with Judah, and made them the rod of his indignation. He reminds them of their own sins. It ill becomes sinners to be cruel. Could they hope for the mercy of God, if they neither showed mercy nor justice to their brethren? Let it be remembered, that every man is our neighbour, our brother, our fellow man, if not our fellow Christian. And no man who is acquainted with the word of God, need fear to maintain that slavery is against the law of love and the gospel of grace. Who can hold his brother in bondage, without breaking the rule of doing to others as he would they should do unto him? But when sinners are left to their own heart's lusts, they grow more desperate in wickedness. God commands them to release the prisoners, and they obeyed. The Lord brought Judah low. Those who will not humble themselves under the word of God, will justly be humbled by his judgments. It is often found, that wicked men themselves have no real affection for those that revolt to them, nor do they care to do them a kindness. This is that king Ahaz! that wretched man! Those are wicked and vile indeed, that are made worse by their afflictions, instead of being made better by them; who, in their distress, trespass yet more, and have their hearts more fully set in them to do evil. But no marvel that men's affections and devotions are misplaced, when they mistake the author of their trouble and of their help. The progress of wickedness and misery is often rapid; and it is awful to reflect upon a sinner's being driven away in his wickedness into the eternal world.
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Afflicted Asshur Assyria Cause Distress Distressed Help Instead Pilneser Strength Strengthen Strengthened Strengthening Support Tiglath-Pileser Tilgath Tilgathpilneser Tilgath-Pilneser Til'gath-Pilne'ser Tillegath-Pilneser Trouble Troubled
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Afflicted Asshur Assyria Cause Distress Distressed Help Instead Pilneser Strength Strengthen Strengthened Strengthening Support Tiglath-Pileser Tilgath Tilgathpilneser Tilgath-Pilneser Til'gath-Pilne'ser Tillegath-Pilneser Trouble Troubled
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