1 Samuel 20:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid when this trouble began, and wait by the stone Ezel.

New Living Translation
The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid before, and wait there by the stone pile.

English Standard Version
On the third day go down quickly to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain beside the stone heap.

New American Standard Bible
"When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel.

King James Bible
And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The following day hurry down and go to the place where you hid on the day this incident began and stay beside the rock Ezel.

International Standard Version
On the third day go down quickly and come to the place where you hid earlier. Remain beside the rock at Ezel.

NET Bible
On the third day you should go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself the day this all started. Stay near the stone Ezel.

New Heart English Bible
When you have stayed three days, you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you hid yourself when this started, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The day after tomorrow you will be missed even more. So go to the place where you hid on that other occasion, and stay by the rock.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the third day thou shalt hide thyself well, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself in the day of work, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

New American Standard 1977
“When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the work and shalt remain by the stone Ezel;

King James 2000 Bible
And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the matter was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.

American King James Version
And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the business was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.

American Standard Version
And when thou hast stayed three days, thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For thy seat will be empty till after to morrow. So thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place, where thou must be hid on the day when it is lawful to work, and thou shalt remain beside the stone, which is called Ezel.

Darby Bible Translation
but on the third day thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the business, and abide by the stone Ezel.

English Revised Version
And when thou hast stayed three days, thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

World English Bible
When you have stayed three days, you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the business was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.

Young's Literal Translation
and on the third day thou dost certainly come down, and hast come in unto the place where thou wast hidden in the day of the work, and hast remained near the stone Ezel.
Study Bible
Jonathan and David Renew Covenant
18Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed because your seat will be empty. 19"When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel. 20"I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 20:18
Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed because your seat will be empty.

1 Samuel 20:20
"I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target.
Treasury of Scripture

And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the business was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.

quickly. or, diligently. [heb] greatly
hide thyself

1 Samuel 20:5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and …

1 Samuel 19:2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told …

when the business [heb] in the day of the business
Ezel. or, that sheweth the way

(19) Go down quickly.--"Quickly" represents, but not faithfully, the Hebrew m'od. "Quickly" comes from the Vulg., descende ergo festinus. The literal rendering of m'od is "greatly," and probably Dean Payne Smith's rendering, "and on the third day go a long way (greatly) down into the valley," represents the meaning of the original, which has been a general stumbling-block with the versions. The Chaldee, Arabic, and Syriac here interpret rather than translate, "on the third day thou will be missed the more." "It did not matter," writes the Dean, "whether David went fast or slow, as he was to hide there some time, but it was important that David should be far away, so that no prying eye might chance to catch sight of him."

When the business was in hand.--The expression, b'yom hamma?seh, rendered in our version by "when the business was in hand," is one hard to understand. Perhaps the best translation is that adopted by Gesenius, De Wette, and Maurer, who render it quite literally "on the day of the deed," and understand by "deed" King Saul's design of killing David (see 1Samuel 19:2).

By the stone Ezel.--This stone, or cairn, or possibly ruin, is mentioned nowhere else. Some have supposed it to have been a road-stone, or stone guide-post. The following ingenious conjecture is hazarded in the Speaker's Commentary:--"The LXX. here, and again in 1Samuel 20:41 (where the spot, but not the stone, is spoken of), read argab, or ergab, a word meaning a heap of stones. If this is the true reading, David's hiding place was either a natural cavernous rock, which was called argab, or some ruin of an ancient building equally suited for a hiding place." Ewald, slightly changing the text, understands the word as signifying "the lonely waste."

And when thou hast stayed three days,.... From court, either at Bethlehem, which seems most probable, or in some other place incognito; however, not in the field he proposed to hide himself in, where he could not continue so long for want of food:

then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself; which makes it clear that he did not continue there during that time, but went elsewhere; from whence he was to come in haste at the expiration of three days, to the place he first hid himself in, and which was fixed upon to meet at:

when the business was in hand; when the affair was discoursed of, about getting knowledge how Saul was affected to David, and of informing him of it; or "on the day of work" (x); or business, on a working day, as the Septuagint; and so the Targum, on a common day; when, as the Vulgate Latin, it was lawful to work on it; and such was the day when Jonathan and David conversed together about the above affair; it being the day before the new moon, or first day of the month, on which day they used not to work: Some render it, "thou shalt three times go down" (y) to that place; and the sense is, that he should come on the morrow, and if he found not Jonathan there, he might conclude that as yet he knew nothing of his father's mind, and therefore should come the day following that; and if he found him not then, to come on the third day, that so he might be on the spot, let him come on which day he would:

and shalt remain by the stone Ezel; which, because it signifies "going", the Jewish commentators generally understand it as a sign to direct travellers which way to go; but one would think this should be an improper place for David to be near, since it must be where two or more ways met, and so a public frequented place; others think therefore it had its name from David and Jonathan often going thither, to discourse with each other; the Septuagint calls it Ergab; and so the place where Jonathan, the son of Saul, exercised himself by shooting darts, is called by Jerom (z); it is said by Josephus (a) to be an hundred fifty furlongs (about nineteen miles), from Jerusalem, and from Jordan sixty, (about eight miles).

(x) "in die operis", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus; "die profesto", Tigurine version. (y) "tertiabis, descendes valde", Montanus; "descendes ter, vel tertiabis descendere", Castalio; so Patrick. (z) De loc. Heb. fol. 91. C. (a) Apud Adrichem. Theatrum T. S. p. 17. 19. when thou hast stayed three days—either with your family at Beth-lehem, or wherever you find it convenient.

come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand—Hebrew, "in the day," or "time of the business," when the same matter was under inquiry formerly (1Sa 19:22).

remain by the stone Ezel—Hebrew, "the stone of the way"; a sort of milestone which directed travellers. He was to conceal himself in some cave or hiding-place near that spot.20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. True friendship rests on a firm basis, and is able to silence ambition, self-love, and undue regard for others. But who can fully understand the love of Jesus, who gave himself as a sacrifice for rebellious, polluted sinners! how great then ought to be the force and effects of our love to him, to his cause, and his people!
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OT History: 1 Samuel 20:19 When you have stayed three days you (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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