Tyre or Tyrus
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Tyre or Tyrus

A rock, the celebrated emporium of Phoenicia, the seat of immense wealth and power, situated on the coast of the Mediterranean, within the limits of the tribe of Asher, as assigned by Joshua, Joshua 19:29, though never reduced to subjection. Tyre was a "daughter of Zidon," but rapidly gained an ascendancy over this and all the other cities of Phoenicia, which it retained with few exceptions to the last. It is mentioned by neither Moses nor Homer; but from the time of David onward, reference is frequently made to it in the books of the Old Testament. There was a close alliance between David and Hiram king of Tyre, which was afterwards continued in the reign of Solomon; and it was from the assistance afforded by the Tyrians, both in artificers and materials, that the house of David, and afterwards the temple, were principally built, 2 Samuel 5:11 1 Kings 5:1-18 1 Chronicles 14:1-17 2 Chronicles 2:3 9:10.

The marriage of Ahab king of Israel with Jezebel, a royal princess of Phoenicia, brought great guilt and endless misfortunes on the ten tribes; for the Tyrians were gross idolaters, worshippers of Baal and Ashtoreth, and addicted to all the vices of heathenism. Secular history informs us that Tyre possessed the empire of the seas, and drew wealth and power from numerous colonies on the shores of the Mediterranean and Atlantic. The inhabitants of Tyre are represented in the Old Testament as filled with pride and luxury, and all the sins attendant on prosperity and immense wealth; judgments are denounced against them in consequence of their idolatry and wickedness; and the destruction of their city by Nebuchadnezzar is foretold, which is also described as accomplished, Isaiah 23:13 Ezekiel 26:7 27:1-28:19 29:18. After this destruction as it would seem, the great body of the inhabitants withdrew to "insular Tyre," on an island opposite the former city, about thirty stadia from the main land. This had been a sort of port or suburb of the main city, but was soon enlarged into a new Tyre, and became opulent and powerful; it was fortified with such strength, and possessed resources so abundant, as to be able to withstand the utmost efforts of Alexander the Great for the space of seven months. It was at length taken by him in 332 B. C., having been first united to the mainland by an immense causeway, made of the ruins of the old city, the site of which was thus laid bare, in remarkable fulfillment of prophecy: "And they shall lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in the midst of the water;" "and thou shalt be no more; though thou be sought for, yet shalt thou never be found again," Ezekiel 26:12,21. The ships of Tyre returned from long voyages to find it not only taken but "devoured with fire," Isaiah 23:1,14 Zechariah 9:4. After many subsequent reverses of fortune, and various changes of masters, Tyre at last fell under the dominion of the Romans, and continued to enjoy a degree of commercial prosperity, though the deterioration of its harbor, and the rise of Alexandria and other maritime cities, have made it decline more and more. Savior once journeyed into the region of Tyre and Sidon, Matthew 15:21; and a Christian church was here established before A. D. 58, Acts 21:37. Compare Matthew 11:21-22.

The church prospered for several centuries, and councils were held here; and during this period Tyre was still a strong fortress, as it was also in the age of the crusaders, by whom it was only taken twenty-five years after they had gained Jerusalem. Since its reconquest by the Turks, it has been in a ruinous condition, and often almost without inhabitants. At present it is a poor town, called Sur, slightly defended by its walls, and having a population of less than three thousand. It occupies the east side of what was formerly the island, one mile long and half a mile from the shore, thus enclosing two so-called harbors separated by Alexander's causeway, which is now a broad isthmus. The only real harbor is on the north; but even this is too shallow to admit any but the smallest class of vessels. It is filled and the north coast of the island lined with stone columns, whose size and countless number evince the former magnificence of this famous city. But its old glory is gone for ever, and a few fishermen spread their nets amid its ruins, in the place of the merchant princes of old.

Greek
5184. Turos -- Tyre, a city of Phoenicia
... Tyre. Of Hebrew origin (Tsor): Tyrus (ie Tsor), a place in Palestine -- Tyre. see
HEBREW Tsor. (turon) -- 2 Occurrences. (turou) -- 5 Occurrences. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5184.htm - 6k

5183. Turios -- a Tyrian, an inhabitant of Tyre
... of Tyre NASB Word Usage Tyre (1). of Tyre. From Turos; a Tyrian, ie Inhabitant of
Tyrus -- of Tyre. see GREEK Turos. (turiois) -- 1 Occurrence. 5182, 5183. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5183.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
6865. Tsor -- a Phoenician city
... Tyre, Tyrus. Or Tsowr {tsore}; the same as tsor; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine --
Tyre, Tyrus. see HEBREW tsor. 6864, 6865. Tsor or Tsor. 6866 . ...
/hebrew/6865.htm - 6k
Library

A Description of the Sea-Coast, Out of Pliny and Strabo.
... "At Tyre a river goes out.". "Thirty furlongs beyond Tyre is Palae-Tyrus":
three miles three quarters. When, therefore, Pliny saith ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 10 a description of.htm

The Antichrist Will be the Son of Satan
... said, we trust, to show that under the figure of this "prince of Tyrus" we may ... we
would make here, is this, that as Satan is termed "the king of Tyre," in the ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pink/the antichrist/ii the antichrist will be.htm

The West Coast of Galilee-Carmel.
... Ptolemais, heretofore Ace, the town Ecdippa, the white promontory, Tyrus, heretofore
an ... words), for from hence onward were the territories of Tyre and Sidon ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 63 the west coast.htm

Another Cavil Met, IE , the Devil who Instigated Man to Sin ...
... of Tyre it is said in reference to the devil: "Moreover, the word of the Lord came
unto me, saying, Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, ...
/.../tertullian/the five books against marcion/chapter x another cavil met i e.htm

Whether Temporal Goods Can be Merited
... 29:18: "the king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: . . ...
the case with regard to the king of Babylon, who besieged Tyre with the ...
/.../aquinas/nature and grace/article ten whether temporal goods.htm

The Last King of Judah
... earlier portion of Zedekiah's reign, ambassadors from the rulers of Edom, Moab,
Tyre, and other ... to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 36 the last king.htm

The Seventh Book
... Even so we read that the Lord spoke also of the king of Tyre through his prophet:
"Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him ...
//christianbookshelf.org/salvian/on the government of god/the seventh book.htm

The Prophet Joel.
... be plausible, if the injuries inflicted by the Philistines and the inhabitants of
Tyrus had not ... land: "And ye also, what have ye to do with Me, O Tyre and Sidon ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/the prophet joel.htm

The Holy City; Or, the New Jerusalem:
... It is said of Tyrus and Babylon, that their merchandize went unto all the world,
and men from all quarters under heaven came to trade and to deal with them for ...
/.../bunyan/the works of john bunyan volumes 1-3/the holy city or the.htm

Subtopics

Tyre

Tyre or Tyrus

Tyre: Antiquity of

Tyre: Called: The Crowning City

Tyre: Called: The Daughter of Tarshish

Tyre: Called: The Daughter of Zidon

Tyre: Called: The Joyous City

Tyre: Called: The Renowned City

Tyre: Celebrated For: Its Beauty

Tyre: Celebrated For: Its Commerce

Tyre: Celebrated For: Its Wealth

Tyre: Celebrated For: Strength and Beauty of Its Ships

Tyre: Christ was Followed by Many From

Tyre: Christ: Alluded to the Depravity of

Tyre: Christ: Depended for Provision Upon Galilee

Tyre: Christ: Paul Found Disciples At

Tyre: Christ: Visited the Coasts of

Tyre: City of Antiquity of

Tyre: City of Besieged by Nebuchadnezzar

Tyre: City of Commerce of

Tyre: City of Fortified

Tyre: City of Heals the Daughter of the Non-Jewish, Syrophenician Woman Near

Tyre: City of Jesus Goes to the Coasts of

Tyre: City of Merchants of

Tyre: City of Multitudes From, Come to Hear Jesus, and to be Healed of Their Diseases

Tyre: City of On the Northern Boundary of the Tribe of Asher

Tyre: City of Paul Visits

Tyre: City of Pleasant Site of

Tyre: City of Prophecies Relating To

Tyre: City of Riches of

Tyre: City of The Hostility of Herod Agrippa I Toward

Tyre: City of To be Judged According to Its Opportunity and Privileges

Tyre: David and Solomon Formed Alliances With

Tyre: Governed by Kings

Tyre: Inhabitants of Mercantile Men

Tyre: Inhabitants of Proud and Haughty

Tyre: Inhabitants of Sea-Faring Men

Tyre: Inhabitants of Self-Conceited

Tyre: Inhabitants of Superstitious

Tyre: Inhabitants of Wicked

Tyre: Insular Position of

Tyre: Kingdom of Hiram, King of

Tyre: Kingdom of Men and Materials Sent From, to Solomon, for the Erection of the Temple and his Castles

Tyre: Kingdom of Sends Material to David for his Palace

Tyre: Often Confederated Against the Jews and Rejoiced in Their

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: All Nations to be Terrified at Its Destruction

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Envy Against the Jews a Cause of Its Destruction

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Inhabitants of, to Emigrated to Other Countries

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Its Inhabitants to be Sold As Slaves, As a Recompence For

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Its Restoration to Commercial Greatness After Seventy Years

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Its Second Destruction by the Macedonians

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Never to Recover Its Greatness

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: Pride a Cause of Its Destruction

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: The King of Babylon to be Rewarded With the Spoil of Egypt

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: The Ruins of the First City to be Employed in Making A

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: To be Destroyed by the King of Babylon

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: To be Scraped As the Top of a Rock, and to be a Place For

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: To Lie Waste and be Forgotten for Seventy Years

Tyre: Prophecies Respecting: To Participated in the Blessings of the Gospel

Tyre: Propitiated the Favour of Herod

Tyre: Soldiers of, Supplied by Persia

Tyre: Strongly Fortified

Tyre: Supplied: A Master-Builder for the Temple

Tyre: Supplied: Seamen for Solomon's Navy

Tyre: Supplied: Stones and Timber for Building the Temple

Tyre: Supplied: Timber for Rebuilding the Temple and City

Tyre: The Jews Condemned for Purchasing from the People of, on The

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