John 12:49
New International Version
For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken.

New Living Translation
I don’t speak on my own authority. The Father who sent me has commanded me what to say and how to say it.

English Standard Version
For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment—what to say and what to speak.

Berean Study Bible
I have not spoken on My own, but the Father who sent Me has commanded Me what to say and how to say it.

Berean Literal Bible
For I did not speak from Myself, but the Father Himself, having sent Me, gave Me a commandment, what I should say and what I should speak.

King James Bible
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

New King James Version
For I have not spoken on My own authority; but the Father who sent Me gave Me a command, what I should say and what I should speak.

New American Standard Bible
For I did not speak on My own, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak.

NASB 1995
“For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak.

NASB 1977
“For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me commandment, what to say, and what to speak.

Amplified Bible
For I have never spoken on My own initiative or authority, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment regarding what to say and what to speak.

Christian Standard Bible
For I have not spoken on my own, but the Father himself who sent me has given me a command to say everything I have said.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For I have not spoken on My own, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a command as to what I should say and what I should speak.

American Standard Version
For I spake not from myself; but the Father that sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“For I have not spoken from myself, but The Father who sent me, he gave me commandments, what I will say and what I will utter.”

Contemporary English Version
I don't speak on my own. I say only what the Father who sent me has told me to say.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he gave me commandment what I should say, and what I should speak.

English Revised Version
For I spake not from myself; but the Father which sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Good News Translation
This is true, because I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has commanded me what I must say and speak.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I have not spoken on my own. Instead, the Father who sent me told me what I should say and how I should say it.

International Standard Version
because I haven't spoken on my own authority. Instead, the Father who sent me has himself commanded me what to say and how to speak.

Literal Standard Version
because I did not speak from Myself, but the Father who sent Me, He gave Me a command, what I may say, and what I may speak,

NET Bible
For I have not spoken from my own authority, but the Father himself who sent me has commanded me what I should say and what I should speak.

New Heart English Bible
For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Weymouth New Testament
Because I have not spoken on my own authority; but the Father who sent me, Himself gave me a command what to say and in what words to speak.

World English Bible
For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Young's Literal Translation
because I spake not from myself, but the Father who sent me, He did give me a command, what I may say, and what I may speak,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Belief and Unbelief
48There is a judge for the one who rejects Me and does not receive My words: The word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day. 49 I have not spoken on My own, but the Father who sent Me has commanded Me what to say and how to say it. 50And I know that His command leads to eternal life. So I speak exactly what the Father has told Me to say.”…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 18:18
I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. I will put My words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.

John 3:11
Truly, truly, I tell you, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, and yet you people do not accept our testimony.

John 5:19
So Jesus replied, "Truly, truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing by Himself, unless He sees the Father doing it. For whatever the Father does, the Son also does.

John 6:68
Simon Peter replied, "Lord, to whom would we go? You have the words of eternal life.

John 7:16
"My teaching is not My own," Jesus replied. "It comes from Him who sent Me.

John 8:26
"I have much to say about you and much to judge. But the One who sent Me is truthful, and what I have heard from Him, I tell the world."

John 8:28
So Jesus said, "When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and that I do nothing on My own, but speak exactly what the Father has taught Me.


Treasury of Scripture

For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

John 3:11,32
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness…

John 5:30
I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

John 6:38-40
For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me…









(49) For I have not spoken of myself.--Comp. John 5:30; John 7:16-17; John 7:28-29; John 8:26; John 8:28; John 8:38. The word "for" connects this by way of reason with the condemnatory power of His word. . . . Verses 49, 50. - There is much emphasis to be laid upon the ὅτι, which implies that our Lord would give a sacred reason for the tremendous power with which his λόγος would be invested. The λόγος, the ῤήμα, is not simply his; it did not proceed from himself only, from his humanity, or even his Divine Sonship alone, but from the Father which sent me. He stood and spake always as the Voice of the Eternal One, from whom he came, with saving powers. He has given me commandment what I should say, and what I should speak. The two words εϊπω and λαλήσω (dicam and loquar, Vulgate), though Hengstenberg says it is frivolous to distinguish, are supposed by Meyer, Westcott, and Godet, to discriminate matter and form, as Godet says, "What I should say, and how I should say it." My words and their manner and opportunity and tone are all of them the outcome of the Father's ἐντολὴ. It certainly is incredible that John could have put these words into the lips of Jesus. They are no mere summary. They are set down with awful sincerity as having burned themselves into his memory. But the Lord added, "I may be rejected and my words spurned, and yet they may go on as apparitors of judgment, but however that may be, and I know (οϊδα) that his commandment, his commission to me, is life eternal - is so now" (cf. John 3:36; John 17:3; 1 John 5:12, 13). "The Law is ordained unto life," said Paul, and "the goodness of God leadeth us unto repentance." The depth of this sublime experience goes down and back into the eternal counsels. The things which therefore I speak (am speaking even at this moment), even as the Father has said unto me, so I speak. "In rejecting me and my words, men reject and insult the Father. His word they dare to renounce, as solemn and unalterable as the word spoken on Sinai. They not only reject me, but they count themselves unworthy of eternal life. They not only spurn Law, but love." Thus, at the conclusion of the public ministry, the evangelist sets forth, in a few burning words, the theme of the prologue, so far as it is realized in the offer of a full revelation of the Logos to the world in human flesh. This Logos found adequate utterance through the human life and lips of Jesus. "The Father has been so amply revealed that the non-believer and rejecter, who hears and does not keep my sayings, is disbelieving and rejecting Hill." These potent words, and this wonderful conclusion of the entire record of the public ministry of Jesus, is the appropriate summary of teachings which were now brought to a dose. Without any exact parallels, they breathe the spirit of the whole teaching, they supply the basis of the prologue. It is, however, dear that the style is different from the prologue, and from the reflection of the evangelist in previous verses. Just as the whole Gospel is a series of recollections which form from their own intrinsic glory and truth a sacred inimitable whole, so this spicilegium is a brief evangelium in evangelio - a gathering up of the whole in the narrow compass of a few precious lines. Though "the hour" has come, it waits. The comparison between this method of the evangelist and that of the apocalyptist is very impressive.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
I
ἐγὼ (egō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 1st Person Singular
Strong's 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

{have} not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

spoken
ἐλάλησα (elalēsa)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's 2980: A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, i.e. Utter words.

on
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong's 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

My own,
ἐμαυτοῦ (emautou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 1st Person Singular
Strong's 1683: Genitive case compound of emou and autos; of myself so likewise the dative case emautoi em-ow-to', and accusative case emauton em-ow-ton'.

but
ἀλλ’ (all’)
Conjunction
Strong's 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Father
Πατὴρ (Patēr)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

[who] sent
πέμψας (pempsas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3992: To send, transmit, permit to go, put forth.

Me
με (me)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Singular
Strong's 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

has commanded Me
ἐντολὴν (entolēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 1785: An ordinance, injunction, command, law. From entellomai; injunction, i.e. An authoritative prescription.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

to say
εἴπω (eipō)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

how
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

to say it.
λαλήσω (lalēsō)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's 2980: A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, i.e. Utter words.


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