Genesis 9:13
New International Version
I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth.

New Living Translation
I have placed my rainbow in the clouds. It is the sign of my covenant with you and with all the earth.

English Standard Version
I have set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.

Berean Study Bible
I have set My rainbow in the clouds, and it will be a sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.

New American Standard Bible
I set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth.

King James Bible
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Christian Standard Bible
I have placed my bow in the clouds, and it will be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.

Good News Translation
I am putting my bow in the clouds. It will be the sign of my covenant with the world.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I have placed My bow in the clouds, and it will be a sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.

International Standard Version
I've set my rainbow in the sky to symbolize the covenant between me and the earth.

NET Bible
I will place my rainbow in the clouds, and it will become a guarantee of the covenant between me and the earth.

New Heart English Bible
I set my rainbow in the cloud, and it will be for a sign of a covenant between me and the earth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will put my rainbow in the clouds to be a sign of my promise to the earth.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I have set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth.

New American Standard 1977
I set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between me and the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

American King James Version
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

American Standard Version
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be the sign of a covenant between me, and between the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
I set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be for a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.

English Revised Version
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

World English Bible
I set my rainbow in the cloud, and it will be for a sign of a covenant between me and the earth.

Young's Literal Translation
My bow I have given in the cloud, and it hath been for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Covenant of the Rainbow
12And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between Me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: 13I have set My rainbow in the clouds, and it will be a sign of the covenant between Me and the earth. 14Whenever I form clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds,…
Cross References
Genesis 9:12
And God said, "This is the sign of the covenant I am making between Me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come:

Genesis 9:14
Whenever I form clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds,

Ezekiel 1:28
The appearance of the brilliant light all around Him was like that of a rainbow in a cloud on a rainy day. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell facedown and heard a voice speaking.

Treasury of Scripture

I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Ezekiel 1:28 As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, …

Revelation 4:3 And he that sat was to look on like a jasper and a sardine stone: …

Revelation 10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with …







Lexicon
I have set
נָתַ֖תִּי (nā·ṯat·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

My rainbow
קַשְׁתִּ֕י (qaš·tî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7198: A bow, for, shooting, the iris

in the clouds,
בֶּֽעָנָ֑ן (be·‘ā·nān)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6051: A cloud, the nimbus, thunder-cloud

and it will be
וְהָֽיְתָה֙ (wə·hā·yə·ṯāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a sign
לְא֣וֹת (lə·’ō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 226: A signal, as a, flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence

of the covenant
בְּרִ֔ית (bə·rîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1285: A covenant

between
בֵּינִ֖י (bê·nî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

Me
וּבֵ֥ין (ū·ḇên)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

and the earth.
הָאָֽרֶץ׃ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land
Verse 13. - I do set. Literally, I have given, or placed, an indication that the atmospheric phenomenon referred to had already frequently appeared (Syriac, Arabic, Aben Ezra, Chrysostom, Calvin, Willet, Murphy, Wordsworth, Kalisch, Lange). The contrary opinion has been maintained that it now for the first time appeared (Bush, Keil, Delitzsch), or at least that the historian thought so (Knobel); but unless there had been no rain, or the laws of light and the atmospheric conditions of the earth had been different from what they are at present, it must have been a frequent spectacle in the primeval heavens. My bow. i.e. the rainbow, τόξον (LXX.), (cf. Ezekiel 1:28). The ordinary rainbow consists of a series of successive zones or bands of polarized light, forming little concentric circles in the sky, and having a common center almost always below the horizon, and diametrically opposite to the sun. It is produced by the refraction and reflection of the sun's light through the spherical raindrops on which the rays fall, and, accordingly, must always appear, with a greater or a lesser degree of visibility, when the two material agencies come in contact The part of the sky on which the rainbow is thrown is much more bright within than without the bow. The outer space is dark, almost black; and the inner space, on the contrary, melts into the violet almost insensibly (Nichol's 'Cyclopedia of the Sciences,' art. Rainbow). It is here styled God's bow, as being his workmanship (cf. Ecclus. 43:12), and his seal appended to his covenant (Genesis 9:17). In the cloud, עָנָן that which veils the heavens, from a root signifying to cover (Gesenius). And it shall be for a token, לְאות = εἰς σημεῖον, (LXX.). In Greek mythology the rainbow is designated by a name (Iris) which is at least connected with εἴρω, to speak, and εἰρήνη, peace; is represented as the daughter of Thaumas (wonder), and Electra (brightness) the daughter of Oceanus; is assigned the office of messenger to the king and queen of Olympus; and is depicted as set in heaven for a sign (Homer, 'I1,' 11:27; 17:547, 548; 24:144, 159; Virgil, AEn.,' 4:694; 5:606; Ovid, 'Met.,' 1:270; 11:585). The Persians seem to have associated the rainbow with similar ideas. An old picture, mentioned by Stolberg, represents a winged boy on a rainbow with an old man kneeling in a posture, of worship. The Hindoos describe the rainbow as a warlike weapon in the hands of Indras their god, "with which he hurls flashing darts upon the impious giants;" but also as a symbol of peace exhibited to man "when the combat of the heavens is silenced." By the Chinese it is regarded as the harbinger of troubles and misfortunes on earth, and by the old Scandinavians as a bridge uniting earth and heaven ('Kalisch on Genesis,' pp. 223, 224). Traditional reflections of the Biblical narrative, they do not "account for the application in the Pentateuch of the rainbow to a very remarkable purpose," or "explain why the New Testament represents the rainbow as an attribute of the Divine throne," or "why angels are sent as messengers on earth" (Kalisch); but are themselves accounted for and explained by it. The institution of the rainbow as a sign clearly negatives the idea (Aquinas, Cajetan) that it was originally and naturally a sign; which, if it was, "it was a lying sign," since the Flood came notwithstanding its prognostications (Willet). Of a covenant. "The bow in the hands of man was an instrument of battle (Genesis 48:22; Psalm 7:12; Proverbs 6:2; Zechariah 9:10); but the bow bent by the hand of God has become a symbol of peace" (Wordsworth). Between me and the earth. 9:8-17 As the old world was ruined, to be a monument of justice, so this world remains to this day a monument of mercy. But sin, that drowned the old world, will burn this. Articles of agreement among men are sealed, that what is promised may be the more solemn, and the doing of what is covenanted the more sure to mutual satisfaction. The seal of this covenant was the rainbow, which, it is likely, was seen in the clouds before, but was never a seal of the covenant till now it was made so. The rainbow appears when we have most reason to fear the rain prevailing; God then shows this seal of the promise, that it shall not prevail. The thicker the cloud, the brighter the bow in the cloud. Thus, as threatening afflictions abound, encouraging consolations much more abound. The rainbow is the reflection of the beams of the sun shining upon or through the drops of rain: all the glory of the seals of the covenant are derived from Christ, the Sun of righteousness. And he will shed a glory on the tears of his saints. A bow speaks terror, but this has neither string nor arrow; and a bow alone will do little hurt. It is a bow, but it is directed upward, not toward the earth; for the seals of the covenant were intended to comfort, not to terrify. As God looks upon the bow, that he may remember the covenant, so should we, that we may be mindful of the covenant with faith and thankfulness. Without revelation this gracious assurance could not be known; and without faith it can be of no use to us; and thus it is as to the still greater dangers to which all are exposed, and as to the new covenant with its blessings.
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