Ezekiel 44:23
New International Version
They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

New Living Translation
They will teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is common, what is ceremonially clean and unclean.

English Standard Version
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

Berean Study Bible
They are to teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to discern between the clean and the unclean.

King James Bible
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

New King James Version
“And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the unholy, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

New American Standard Bible
Moreover, they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and teach them to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

NASB 1995
“Moreover, they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

NASB 1977
“Moreover, they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Amplified Bible
The priests shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and teach them to distinguish between the (ceremonially) unclean and the clean.

Christian Standard Bible
They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and explain to them the difference between the clean and the unclean.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They must teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and explain to them the difference between the clean and the unclean.”

American Standard Version
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they shall teach my people between holiness and common, and they shall make known between impure and pure

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they shall teach my people to distinguish between holy and profane, and they shall make known to them the difference between unclean and clean.

Contemporary English Version
Priests must teach my people the difference between what is sacred and what is ordinary, and between what is clean and what is unclean.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall teach my people the difference between holy and profane, and shew them how to discern between clean and unclean.

English Revised Version
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Good News Translation
"The priests are to teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is not, and between what is ritually clean and what is not.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They must teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is unholy. They must show the people how to tell the difference between what is clean and what is unclean.

International Standard Version
"They are to teach my people how to discern what is holy in contrast to what is common, showing them how to discern between what is unclean and clean.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Literal Standard Version
And they direct My people between holy and common, and they cause them to discern between unclean and clean.

NET Bible
Moreover, they will teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the ceremonially unclean and the clean.

New Heart English Bible
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

World English Bible
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Young's Literal Translation
'And My people they direct between holy and common, and between unclean and clean they cause them to discern.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Duties of the Priests
22And they shall not marry a widow or a divorced woman, but must marry a virgin of the descendants of the house of Israel, or a widow of a priest. 23 They are to teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to discern between the clean and the unclean. 24In any dispute, they shall officiate as judges and judge according to My ordinances. They must keep My laws and statutes regarding all My appointed feasts, and they must keep My Sabbaths holy.…

Cross References
Leviticus 10:10
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean,

Leviticus 11:47
You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between animals that may be eaten and those that may not.'"

Leviticus 13:50
And the priest is to examine the mildew and isolate the contaminated fabric for seven days.

Jeremiah 15:19
Therefore this is what the LORD says: "If you return, I will restore you; you will stand in My presence. And if you speak words that are noble instead of worthless, you will be My spokesman. It is they who must turn to you, but you must not turn to them.

Ezekiel 22:26
Her priests do violence to My law and profane My holy things. They make no distinction between the holy and the common, and they fail to distinguish between the clean and the unclean. They disregard My Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.

Ezekiel 42:20
So he measured the area on all four sides. It had a wall all around, five hundred cubits long and five hundred cubits wide, to separate the holy from the common.

Hosea 4:6
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as My priests. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children.


Treasury of Scripture

And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Ezekiel 22:26
Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.

Leviticus 10:10,11
And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean; …

Deuteronomy 33:10
They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.









Verses 23, 24. - Among the priests' official duties four things are prescribed.

(1) The education of the people in the fundamental principles of their religion, viz. that a distinction existed between the "holy" and "profane," or "common," and in the practical application of that principle, the art of discerning between the "unclean" and the "clean." This duty had been laid upon the priests of Mosaism (Leviticus 10:10; Deuteronomy 24:8; Deuteronomy 33:10), but in the last years of the monarchy had been neglected (Ezekiel 26:26; comp. Malachi 2:7-9).

(2) The administration of justice in all disputes arising out of and connected with the practices of their religion. This office had pertained to the priests under the Law (Numbers 5:14-31; Deuteronomy 17:8-13; Deuteronomy 19:17; Deuteronomy 21:5), and was exercised in pre-exilic times (Hosea 4:6; Micah 3:11; Isaiah 28:7; Jeremiah 18:18), though not always in accord-ante with Jehovah s judgments. That the juridical authority of the priests was purely of a moral kind (Wellhausen, Smend), can be maintained only by rejecting 2 Chronicles 17:7-9 and 2 Chron 19:5-11 as unhistorical

(3) The regulation of all festal assemblies in accordance with the Divine statutes. For errors in the celebration of these festivals, the priests should be answerable, as they had always been; only under the new regime there should be no errors. . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They are to teach
יוֹר֔וּ (yō·w·rū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3384: To flow as water, to lay, throw, to point out, to teach

My people
עַמִּ֣י (‘am·mî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

the difference between
בֵּ֥ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's 996: An interval, space between

the holy
קֹ֖דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

and the common,
לְחֹ֑ל (lə·ḥōl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2455: Profaneness, commonness

and show them how to discern
יוֹדִעֻֽם׃ (yō·w·ḏi·‘um)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3045: To know

between
וּבֵין־ (ū·ḇên-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 996: An interval, space between

the clean
לְטָה֖וֹר (lə·ṭā·hō·wr)
Preposition-l | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 2889: Clean, pure

and the unclean.
טָמֵ֥א (ṭā·mê)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 2931: Unclean


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 44:23 They shall teach my people the difference (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 44:22
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