Ecclesiastes 3:17
New International Version
I said to myself, "God will bring into judgment both the righteous and the wicked, for there will be a time for every activity, a time to judge every deed."

New Living Translation
I said to myself, "In due season God will judge everyone, both good and bad, for all their deeds."

English Standard Version
I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked, for there is a time for every matter and for every work.

Berean Study Bible
I said in my heart, “God will judge the righteous and the wicked, since there is a time for every activity and every deed.”

New American Standard Bible
I said to myself, "God will judge both the righteous man and the wicked man," for a time for every matter and for every deed is there.

King James Bible
I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

Christian Standard Bible
I said to myself, "God will judge the righteous and the wicked, since there is a time for every activity and every work."

Contemporary English Version
So I told myself that God has set a time and a place for everything. He will judge everyone, both the wicked and the good.

Good News Translation
I told myself, "God is going to judge the righteous and the evil alike, because every thing, every action, will happen at its own set time."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I said to myself, "God will judge the righteous and the wicked, since there is a time for every activity and every work."

International Standard Version
I told myself, "God will judge both the righteous and the wicked, because there is a time set to judge every event and every work."

NET Bible
I thought to myself, "God will judge both the righteous and the wicked; for there is an appropriate time for every activity, and there is a time of judgment for every deed.

New Heart English Bible
I said in my heart, "God will judge the righteous and the wicked; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I thought to myself, "God will judge righteous people as well as wicked people, because there is a specific time for every activity and every work that is done."

JPS Tanakh 1917
I said in my heart: 'The righteous and the wicked God will judge; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.'

New American Standard 1977
I said to myself, “God will judge both the righteous man and the wicked man,” for a time for every matter and for every deed is there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I said in my heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked; for there is a time determined to judge every will and regarding everything that is done.

King James 2000 Bible
I said in my heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time for every purpose and for every work.

American King James Version
I said in my heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

American Standard Version
I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the ungodly: for there is a time there for every action and for every work.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I said in my heart: God shall judge both the just and the wicked, and then shall be the time of every thing.

Darby Bible Translation
I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

English Revised Version
I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

Webster's Bible Translation
I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

World English Bible
I said in my heart, "God will judge the righteous and the wicked; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work."

Young's Literal Translation
I said in my heart, 'The righteous and the wicked doth God judge, for a time is to every matter and for every work there.'
Study Bible
From Dust to Dust
16Furthermore, I saw under the sun that in the place of judgment there is wickedness, and in the place of righteousness there is wickedness. 17I said in my heart, “God will judge the righteous and the wicked, since there is a time for every activity and every deed.” 18I said to myself, “As for the sons of men, God tests them so that they may see for themselves that they are but beasts.”…
Cross References
Matthew 16:27
For the Son of Man will come in His Father's glory with His angels, and then He will repay each one according to what he has done.

Romans 2:6
God "will repay each one according to his deeds."

2 Thessalonians 1:6
After all, it is only right for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

Genesis 18:25
Far be it from You to do such a thing--to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are treated alike. Far be it from You! Will not the Judge of all the earth do what is right?"

Psalm 96:13
before the LORD, for He is coming--He is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness and the peoples in His faithfulness.

Psalm 98:9
before the LORD, for He comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with equity.

Ecclesiastes 3:1
To everything there is a season, and a time for every purpose under heaven:

Ecclesiastes 8:6
For there is a right time and procedure to every purpose, though a man's misery weighs heavily upon him.

Ecclesiastes 11:9
Rejoice, O young man, while you are young, and let your heart be glad in the days of your youth. Walk in the ways of your heart and in the sight of your eyes, but know that for all these things God will bring you to judgment.

Ecclesiastes 12:14
For God will bring every deed into judgment, along with every hidden thing, whether good or evil.

Treasury of Scripture

I said in my heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

said

Ecclesiastes 1:16
I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.

Ecclesiastes 2:1
I said in mine heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, therefore enjoy pleasure: and, behold, this also is vanity.

God

Ecclesiastes 12:14
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

Genesis 18:25
That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

Psalm 98:9
Before the LORD; for he cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.

for

Ecclesiastes 3:1
To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:

Jeremiah 29:10,11
For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place…

Daniel 11:40
And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.







Lexicon
I
אֲנִי֙ (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

said
אָמַ֤רְתִּֽי (’ā·mar·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

in my heart,
בְּלִבִּ֔י (bə·lib·bî)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

“God
הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים (hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

will judge
יִשְׁפֹּ֖ט (yiš·pōṭ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

the righteous
הַצַּדִּיק֙ (haṣ·ṣad·dîq)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6662: Just, righteous

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the wicked,
הָ֣רָשָׁ֔ע (hā·rā·šā‘)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7563: Wrong, an, bad person

since
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

there is a time
עֵ֣ת (‘êṯ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

for every
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

activity
חֵ֔פֶץ (ḥê·p̄eṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2656: Pleasure, desire, a valuable thing, a matter

and every
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

deed.”
הַֽמַּעֲשֶׂ֖ה (ham·ma·‘ă·śeh)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property
(17) A time there--viz., with God. In this verse a judgment after this life is clearly spoken of, but not yet asserted as a conclusion definitely adopted, but only as a belief of the writer's conflicting with the doubts expressed in the following verses. "1 said in mine heart," with which Ecclesiastes 3:17-18 both begin, conveys the idea, "I thought," and yet again I thought." The writer returns again to speak of the punishment of the wicked in Ecclesiastes 8:15; Ecclesiastes 11:9.

Verse 17. - I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked. In view of the injustice that prevails in earthly tribunals, Koheleth takes comfort in the thought that there is retribution in store for every man. when God shall award sentence according to deserts. God is a righteous Judge strong and patient, and his decisions are infallible. Future judgment is here plainly stated, as it is at the final conclusion (Ecclesiastes 11:14). They who refuse to credit the writer with belief in this great doctrine resort to the theory of interpolation and alteration in order to account for the language in this and analogous passages. There can be no doubt that the present text has hitherto always been regarded as genuine, and that it does clearly assert future retribution, though not so much as a conclusion firmly established, but rather as a belief which may explain anomalies and afford comfort under trying circumstances. For there is a time there for every purpose and for every work. The adverb rendered "there" (שָׁם, sham) is placed emphatically, at the end of the sentence. Thus the Septuagint, "There is a reason for every action, and for every work there (ἐκεῖ)." Many take it to mean" in the other world," and Plumptre cites Eurip., 'Med.,' 1073 -

Ἐνδαιμονοῖτον ἀλλ ἐκεῖ τὰ δ ἐνθάδε
Πατὴρ ἀφείλετ

"All good be with you! but it must be there;
Here it is stolen from you by your sire."
But it is unexampled to find the elliptical "there," when no place has been mentioned in the context, and when we are precluded from interpreting the dark word by a significant gesture, as Medea may have pointed downwards in her histrionic despair. Where the words, "that day," are used in the New Testament (e.g. Luke 10:12; 2 Timothy 1:18, etc.), the context shows plainly to what they refer. Some take the adverb here in the sense of "then." Thus the Vulgate, Justum et impium iudicabit Deus, et tempus omnis rei tunc erit." But really no time has been mentioned, unless we conceive the writer to have been guilty of a clumsy tautology, expressing by "then" the same idea as "a time for every purpose," etc. Ewald would understand it of the past; but this is quite arbitrary, and limits the signification of the sentence unnecessarily. It is best, with many modern commentators, to refer the adverb to God, who has just been spoken of in the preceding clause. A similar use is found in Genesis 49:24. With God, spud Deum, in his counsels, there is a time or judgment and retribution for every act of man, when anomalies which have obtained on earth shall be rectified, injustice shall be punished, virtue rewarded. There is no need, with some commentators, to read up, "he appointed;" the usual reading gives a satisfactory sense. 3:16-22 Without the fear of the Lord, man is but vanity; set that aside, and judges will not use their power well. And there is another Judge that stands before the door. With God there is a time for the redressing of grievances, though as yet we see it not. Solomon seems to express his wish that men might perceive, that by choosing this world as their portion, they brought themselves to a level with the beasts, without being free, as they are, from present vexations and a future account. Both return to the dust from whence they were taken. What little reason have we to be proud of our bodies, or bodily accomplishments! But as none can fully comprehend, so few consider properly, the difference between the rational soul of man, and the spirit or life of the beast. The spirit of man goes upward, to be judged, and is then fixed in an unchangeable state of happiness or misery. It is as certain that the spirit of the beast goes downward to the earth; it perishes at death. Surely their case is lamentable, the height of whose hopes and wishes is, that they may die like beasts. Let our inquiry be, how an eternity of existence may be to us an eternity of enjoyment? To answer this, is the grand design of revelation. Jesus is revealed as the Son of God, and the Hope of sinners.
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