Deuteronomy 18:11
New International Version
or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.

New Living Translation
or cast spells, or function as mediums or psychics, or call forth the spirits of the dead.

English Standard Version
or a charmer or a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead,

Berean Study Bible
casts spells, consults a medium or spiritist, or inquires of the dead.

King James Bible
Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

New King James Version
or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead.

New American Standard Bible
or one who casts a spell, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who consults the dead.

NASB 1995
or one who casts a spell, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead.

NASB 1977
or one who casts a spell, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead.

Amplified Bible
or one who casts a charm or spell, or a medium, or a spiritist, or a necromancer [who seeks the dead].

Christian Standard Bible
cast spells, consult a medium or a spiritist, or inquire of the dead.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
cast spells, consult a medium or a familiar spirit, or inquire of the dead.

American Standard Version
or a charmer, or a consulter with a familiar spirit, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or one who charms with charms, or one who inquires of demons or of wizards, or an inquirer of the dead.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
a sorcerer employing incantation, one who has in him a divining spirit, and observer of signs, questioning the dead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Nor charmer, nor any one that consulteth pythonic spirits, or fortune tellers, or that seeketh the truth from the dead.

English Revised Version
or a charmer, or a consulter with a familiar spirit, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

Good News Translation
or charms, and don't let them consult the spirits of the dead.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
cast spells, ask ghosts or spirits for help, or consult the dead.

International Standard Version
casts spells, or who is a medium, an occultist, or a necromancer.

JPS Tanakh 1917
or a charmer, or one that consulteth a ghost or a familiar spirit, or a necromancer.

Literal Standard Version
and a charmer, and one inquiring from a familiar spirit, and a wizard, and one seeking to the dead.

NET Bible
one who casts spells, one who conjures up spirits, a practitioner of the occult, or a necromancer.

New Heart English Bible
or who casts spells, or consults a medium or a familiar spirit, or inquires of the dead.

World English Bible
or a charmer, or a consulter with a familiar spirit, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

Young's Literal Translation
and a charmer, and one asking at a familiar spirit, and a wizard, and one seeking unto the dead.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Sorcery Forbidden
10Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, practices divination or conjury, interprets omens, practices sorcery, 11casts spells, consults a medium or spiritist, or inquires of the dead. 12For whoever does these things is detestable to the LORD. And because of these detestable things, the LORD your God is driving out the nations before you.…

Cross References
Acts 16:16
One day as we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a slave girl with a spirit of divination, who earned a large income for her masters by fortune-telling.

Exodus 22:18
You must not allow a sorceress to live.

Leviticus 19:31
You must not turn to mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out, or you will be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.

Leviticus 20:27
A man or a woman who is a medium or spiritist must surely be put to death. They shall be stoned; their blood is upon them.'"

1 Samuel 28:8
So Saul disguised himself by putting on different clothes, and he set out with two of his men. They came to the woman at night, and Saul said, "Consult a spirit for me. Bring up for me the one I name."


Treasury of Scripture

Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

or a necromancer

1 Samuel 28:11-14
Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel…









(11) Charmer.--Literally one who ties knots, used here for the first time in Old Testament.

Consulter with familiar spirits.--Literally, one who consulteth ob (see Leviticus 19:31).

A Wizard.--One who knows or pretends to know the secrets of the unseen world. (See Leviticus 19:31.)

Necromancer.--One who inquires of the dead. Four of the above practices are ascribed to king Manasseh in 2Chronicles 33:6. It is hardly possible that all of them were mere imposture and deceit.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
casts spells,
וְחֹבֵ֖ר (wə·ḥō·ḇêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 2266: To unite, be joined, to tie a magic knot or spell, to charm

consults
וְשֹׁאֵ֥ל (wə·šō·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7592: To inquire, to request, to demand

a medium
אוֹב֙ (’ō·wḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 178: A bottle (made from animal skin), a necromancer

or familiar spirit,
וְיִדְּעֹנִ֔י (wə·yid·də·‘ō·nî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3049: A knowing one, a conjurer, a ghost

or inquires
וְדֹרֵ֖שׁ (wə·ḏō·rêš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 1875: To tread, frequent, to follow, to seek, ask, to worship

of
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the dead.
הַמֵּתִֽים׃ (ham·mê·ṯîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 18:11 Or a charmer or a consulter (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 18:10
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