2 Kings 15:23
New International Version
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned two years.

New Living Translation
Pekahiah son of Menahem began to rule over Israel in the fiftieth year of King Uzziah's reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria two years.

English Standard Version
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and he reigned two years.

Berean Study Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah's reign over Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king of Israel and reigned in Samaria two years.

New American Standard Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

King James Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

Christian Standard Bible
In the fiftieth year of Judah's King Azariah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king over Israel in Samaria, and he reigned two years.

Contemporary English Version
Pekahiah became king of Israel in the fiftieth year of Azariah's rule in Judah, and he ruled two years from Samaria.

Good News Translation
In the fiftieth year of the reign of King Uzziah of Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king of Israel, and he ruled in Samaria for two years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the fiftieth year of Judah's King Azariah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king over Israel in Samaria and reigned two years.

International Standard Version
Menahem's son Pekahiah became king over Israel for two years during the fiftieth year of the reign of King Azariah of Judah.

NET Bible
In the fiftieth year of King Azariah's reign over Judah, Menahem's son Pekahiah became king over Israel. He reigned in Samaria for two years.

New Heart English Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria for two years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In Azariah's fiftieth year as king of Judah, Menahem's son Pekahiah began to rule. Pekahiah was king of Israel in Samaria for two years.

JPS Tanakh 1917
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

New American Standard 1977
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the year fifty of Azariah, king of Judah, Pekahiah, the son of Menahem, began to reign over Israel in Samaria and reigned two years.

King James 2000 Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

American King James Version
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

American Standard Version
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
In the fiftieth year of Azarias king of Juda, began Phakesias the son of Manaem to reign over Israel in Samaria two years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azarias king of Juda reigned Phaceia the son of Manahem over Israel in Samaria two years.

Darby Bible Translation
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, for two years.

English Revised Version
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

World English Bible
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] two years.

Young's Literal Translation
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah hath Pekahiah son of Menahem reigned over Israel, in Samaria -- two years,
Study Bible
Pekahiah Reigns in Israel
23In the fiftieth year of Azariah's reign over Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king of Israel and reigned in Samaria two years. 24And he did evil in the sight of the LORD and did not turn away from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had caused Israel to commit.…
Cross References
2 Kings 15:1
In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam's reign over Israel, Azariah son of Amaziah became king of Judah.

2 Kings 15:8
In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah's reign over Judah, Zechariah son of Jeroboam became king of Israel, and he reigned in Samaria six months.

2 Kings 15:22
And Menahem rested with his fathers, and his son Pekahiah became king in his place.

2 Kings 15:24
And he did evil in the sight of the LORD and did not turn away from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had caused Israel to commit.

2 Kings 15:27
In the fifty-second year of Azariah's reign over Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah became king of Israel and reigned in Samaria twenty years.

Treasury of Scripture

In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

A.

2 Kings 21:19
Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

1 Kings 15:25
And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

1 Kings 16:8
In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.







Lexicon
In the fiftieth
חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים (ḥă·miš·šîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2572: Fifty

year
בִּשְׁנַת֙ (biš·naṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

of Azariah's
לַעֲזַרְיָ֖ה (la·‘ă·zar·yāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5838: Azariah -- 'Yah has helped', the name of a number of Israelites

reign
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

over Judah,
יְהוּדָ֑ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

Pekahiah
פְּקַֽחְיָ֨ה (pə·qaḥ·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6494: Pekahiah -- 'Yah has opened (the eyes)', a king of Israel

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Menahem
מְנַחֵ֧ם (mə·na·ḥêm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4505: Menahem -- 'comforter', king of Northern Israel

became king
מָ֠לַךְ (mā·laḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and reigned in Samaria
בְּשֹׁמְר֖וֹן (bə·šō·mə·rō·wn)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8111: Samaria -- capital of northern kingdom of Israel

two years.
שָׁנָ֔ה (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year
(23-26) THE REIGN OF PEKAHIAH

(Heb., P?kahy?h).

(23) In the fiftieth year.--The forty-ninth, if verse seventeen were exact.

(25) But . . . a captain of his.--And . . . his adjutant (or knight, 2Kings 7:2).

The palace of the king's house.--The same expression occurred in 1Kings 16:18. The word armon, rendered "palace," is usually explained as meaning citadel or keep, from a root meaning to be high. (Comp. ? ???? in Greek.) Ewald makes it the harem, which, as the innermost and most strongly-guarded part of an Oriental palace, is probably meant here. Thither Pekahiah had fled for refuge before the conspirators.

With Argob and Arieh.--Pekah slew these two persons, probably officers of the royal guard, who stood by their master, as well as the king himself.

The peculiar names are an indication of the historical character of the account. Argob suggests that the person who bore this name was a native of the district of Bashan so designated (1Kings 4:13); Arieh ("lion"), like our own Cceur-de-Lion, betokens strength and bravery. (Comp. 1Chronicles 12:8, "The Gadites, whose faces were as the faces of lions.")

And with him fifty men of the Gileadites.--Or, and with him were fifty, &c. Pekah was supported by fifty soldiers, probably of the royal guard. Menahem himself was of Gadite origin (2Kings 15:17), and so belonged to Gilead. He would therefore be likely to recruit his body-guard from among the Gileadites, who were always famous for their prowess. (Comp. Joshua 17:1; Judges 11:12; 1Chronicles 26:31.) The two names Argob and Arieh agree with this supposition. The LXX. reads, in place of "the Gileadites," ??? ??? ???????????, "of the four hundred," which reminds us of David's six hundred Gibborim (2Samuel 15:18).

Josephus accounts for the short reign of Pekahiah by the statement that he imitated the cruelty of his father.

Verses 23-26. - SHORT REIGN OF PEKA-HIAH. The short reign of Pekahiah was wholly undistinguished. He held the throne for two years only, or perhaps for parts of two years, and performed no action that any historian has thought worthy of record. Our author has nothing to relate of him but the circumstances of his death (ver. 25), wherewith he combines the usual formulae (vers. 23, 24, 26). 15:8-31 This history shows Israel in confusion. Though Judah was not without troubles, yet that kingdom was happy, compared with the state of Israel. The imperfections of true believers are very different from the allowed wickedness of ungodly men. Such is human nature, such are our hearts, if left to themselves, deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked. We have reason to be thankful for restraints, for being kept out of temptation, and should beg of God to renew a right spirit within us.
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