1 Kings 7:46
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Sukkoth and Zarethan.

New Living Translation
The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.

English Standard Version
In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

Berean Study Bible
The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Succoth and Zarethan.

New American Standard Bible
In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

King James Bible
In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

Christian Standard Bible
The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.

Contemporary English Version
near the Jordan River between Succoth and Zarethan by pouring melted bronze into clay molds.

Good News Translation
The king had it all made in the foundry between Sukkoth and Zarethan, in the Jordan Valley.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.

International Standard Version
The king had them cast in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan in the Jordan plain.

NET Bible
The king had them cast in earth foundries in the region of the Jordan between Succoth and Zarethan.

New Heart English Bible
The king cast them in the plain of the Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king cast them in foundries in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

New American Standard 1977
In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the king caused them all to be cast in the plain of the Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

King James 2000 Bible
In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

American King James Version
In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

American Standard Version
In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the plains of the Jordan did the king cast them in a clay ground, between Socoth and Sartham.

Darby Bible Translation
In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay-ground between Succoth and Zaretan.

English Revised Version
In the Plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

World English Bible
In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.

Young's Literal Translation
In the circuit of the Jordan hath the king cast them, in the thick soil of the ground, between Succoth and Zarthan.
Study Bible
Completion of the Bronze Works
45and the pots, shovels, and sprinkling bowls. All the articles that Huram made for King Solomon in the house of the LORD were made of burnished bronze. 46The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Succoth and Zarethan. 47Solomon left all these articles unweighed, because there were so many. The weight of the bronze could not be determined.…
Cross References
Genesis 33:17
but Jacob went on to Succoth, where he built a house for himself and shelters for his livestock; that is why the place was called Succoth.

Joshua 3:16
the flowing water stood still. It backed up as far upstream as Adam, a city in the area of Zarethan, while the water flowing toward the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea) was completely cut off. So the people crossed over opposite Jericho.

Joshua 13:27
and in the valley, Beth-haram, Beth-nimrah, Succoth, and Zaphon, with the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon (the territory on the east side of the Jordan up to the edge of the Sea of Chinnereth).

2 Chronicles 4:17
The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Succoth and Zeredah.

Treasury of Scripture

In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

the clay ground [heb] the thickness of the ground
Succoth

Genesis 33:17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made …

Zarthan Zarthan is supposed to have been situated in the tribe of Manasseh, west of Jordan, near Jezreel and Bethshan of Scythopolis, and not far from the Jordan. Succoth we know was situated east of Jordan, in the tribe of Gad, and according to Jerome, in the district of Scythopolis: hence the `plain of Jordan,' where Hiran cast the brazen vessels, must be the plain in which that river runs, Zarthan and Succoth being probably nearly opposite each other; but whether the precise spot of his operations was on this side or the other side, is uncertain. In this place he found that particular clay that was proper for his purpose; and it being a considerable distance from Jerusalem, that city would not be annoyed by the smoke and noxious vapours necessarily occasioned by the process.

1 Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and …

Zartanah

Joshua 2:16 And she said to them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers …

Zaretan

2 Chronicles 4:17 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground …

Zeredathah







(46) In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them.--The casting was done in the Jordan valley. Succoth is on the east side of Jordan, in the territory of Gad (see Genesis 33:17; Joshua 13:27; Judges 8:5)--the place of the halt of Jacob on his way from Padan-aram, and of the insult offered to Gideon and his revenge. Zarthan, or Zaretan (Joshua 3:16), is on the western side, in the territory of Manasseh, not far from Bethshan, and nearly opposite Succoth.

Verse 46. - In the plain [Heb. Ciccar, i.e., circle or circuit, the word used only of the Ghor or Jordan valley. This tract is called "The Ciccar" Genesis 13:11, 19:17, etc. See Stanley, "Sinai and Palestine," App., § 12] of Jordan [in the Heb. this river ("the descender") always takes the art.] did the king cast them, in the clay ground [Heb. as marg. in the thickness of the ground. Whether the soil was made thick by stamping (Keil) it is impossible to say. It looks as if this site had been chosen because the soil was suitable] between Succoth [Genesis 33:17. It appears from Judges 8:5 that it lay east of the Jordan (cf. Joshua 13:27, where it allotted to the tribe of Gad); "and indeed it has been recovered, under its later name Tarala, at Tell Dar'ala, northeast of the Damieh ford" (Condor, p. 229). As Zarthan was almost certainly west of the Jordan, and as the casting - from the nature of the country - must as certainly have been done to the west of the river it is somewhat surprising to find a trans-Jordanie town mentioned as one of the landmarks defining the site. It is possible that there was a western Succoth - a place named Sakut was discovered by Robinson and Van de velde, a few miles south of Bethshean; but this name is radically different (Conder). It is, therefore, more probable that, being near the ford of the river this place was so well known that it would serve better than any of the less familiar western towns to identify the site of the foundry] and Zarthan. [See note on 1 Kings 4:12.] In the plain of Jericho did the king cast them in the clay ground,.... Which being thick, as the word signifies, and stiff and close, was fit for such a purpose as casting brass; of such clay, furnaces of earth used to be made to melt metals in; but here were large things to be cast, as the two pillars, the sea, the ten lavers, &c. moulds were made in the ground, and so the melted brass was poured into them, which gave it its different forms; this, no doubt, was done by Hiram, though said to be done by the king, because done by his orders: the place where it was done was a part of the plain of Jericho, which lay

between Succoth and Zarthan; Succoth was in the tribe of Gad, on the other side Jordan; Zarthan was near it on this side, in the tribe of Manasseh, the same that is called Zartanah, 1 Kings 4:12 and Zaretan, Joshua 3:16 and Zeredathah, 2 Chronicles 4:17. The first casters of brass are said (h) to be Theodorus and Rhaecus, both Samians.

(h) Pausau. Arcadica, sive, l. 8. p. 479. & Boeotica, sive, l. 9. p. 607. 46. In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them—Zarthan, or Zaretan (Jos 3:16), or Zartanah (1Ki 4:12), or Zeredathah (2Ch 4:17), was on the bank of the Jordan in the territories of western Manasseh. Succoth was situated on the eastern side of Jordan, at the ford of the river near the mouth of the Jabbok. One reason assigned by commentators for the castings being made there is, that at such a distance from Jerusalem that city would not be annoyed by the smoke and noxious vapors necessarily occasioned by the process. [Note in Bagster's Bible.] But the true reason is to be found in the nature of the soil; Margin, "the thickness of the ground." That part of the Jordan valley abounds with marl. Clay and sand are the moulding material still used for bronze. Such large quantities of metal as one of these castings would contain could not be fused in one furnace, but would require a series of furnaces, especially for such a casting as the brazen sea—the whole series of furnaces being filled with metal, and fused at one time, and all tapped together, and the metal let run into the mould. Thus a national foundry was erected in the plain of Jordan [Napier].7:13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. Jachin, God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. Boaz, In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.
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