1 Corinthians 1:1
New International Version
Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

New Living Translation
This letter is from Paul, chosen by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and from our brother Sosthenes.

English Standard Version
Paul, called by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and our brother Sosthenes,

Berean Study Bible
Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

Berean Literal Bible
Paul, a called apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Sosthenes, our brother,

New American Standard Bible
Paul, called as an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

New King James Version
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

King James Bible
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

Christian Standard Bible
Paul, called as an apostle of Christ Jesus by God's will, and Sosthenes our brother:

Contemporary English Version
From Paul, chosen by God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and from Sosthenes, who is also a follower.

Good News Translation
From Paul, who was called by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and from our brother Sosthenes--

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Paul, called as an apostle of Christ Jesus by God's will, and Sosthenes our brother:

International Standard Version
From: Paul, called to be an apostle of the Messiah Jesus by the will of God, and from our brother Sosthenes.

NET Bible
From Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Sosthenes, our brother,

New Heart English Bible
Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Paulus, a called one, and an Apostle of Yeshua The Messiah in the will of God, and brother Sosthenes,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
From Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and from Sosthenes, our brother in the Christian faith.

New American Standard 1977
Paul, called as an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes, our brother,

King James 2000 Bible
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

American King James Version
Paul called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

American Standard Version
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

Douay-Rheims Bible
PAUL, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Sosthenes a brother,

Darby Bible Translation
Paul, [a] called apostle of Jesus Christ, by God's will, and Sosthenes the brother,

English Revised Version
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

Webster's Bible Translation
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

Weymouth New Testament
Paul, called to be an Apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God--and our brother Sosthenes:

World English Bible
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

Young's Literal Translation
Paul, a called apostle of Jesus Christ, through the will of God, and Sosthenes the brother,
Study Bible
Greetings from Paul
1Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes, 2To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be holy, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours:…
Cross References
Acts 1:15
In those days Peter stood up among the brothers (a gathering of about a hundred and twenty) and said,

Acts 18:17
At this, the crowd seized Sosthenes the synagogue leader and beat him in front of the judgment seat. But none of this was of any concern to Gallio.

Romans 1:1
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, and set apart for the gospel of God,

Romans 1:10
in my prayers at all times, asking that now at last by God's will I may succeed in coming to you.

2 Corinthians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God in Corinth, together with all the saints throughout Achaia:

2 Corinthians 8:5
And not only did they do as we expected, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us, because it was the will of God.

Ephesians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints in Ephesus, the faithful in Christ Jesus:

Colossians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother,

2 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, according to the promise of life in Christ Jesus,

Treasury of Scripture

Paul called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

called.

Romans 1:1
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

Galatians 2:7,8
But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter; …

an.

1 Corinthians 3:9
For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.

1 Corinthians 9:1,2
Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord? …

1 Corinthians 15:9
For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

through.

1 Corinthians 6:16,17
What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh…

John 15:16
Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.

2 Corinthians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:

Sosthenes.

Acts 18:17
Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. And Gallio cared for none of those things.







Lexicon
Paul,
Παῦλος (Paulos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3972: Paul, Paulus. Of Latin origin; Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.

called [to be]
κλητὸς (klētos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2822: From the same as klesis; invited, i.e. Appointed, or, a saint.

an apostle
ἀπόστολος (apostolos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 652: From apostello; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ.

of Christ
Χριστοῦ (Christou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.

Jesus
Ἰησοῦ (Iēsou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

by
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

[the] will
θελήματος (thelēmatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2307: An act of will, will; plur: wishes, desires. From the prolonged form of ethelo; a determination, i.e. choice or inclination.

of God,
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[our]
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

brother
ἀδελφὸς (adelphos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 80: A brother, member of the same religious community, especially a fellow-Christian. A brother near or remote.

Sosthenes,
Σωσθένης (Sōsthenēs)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4988: From the base of sozo and that of sthenoo; of safe strength; Sosthenes, a Christian.
(1) Paul, called to be an apostle.--Better, a called Apostle of Jesus Christ. His apostolic authority, which was questioned by some in Corinth, is thus set out at the commencement of the Epistle.

And Sosthenes our brother.--Sosthenes the brother, probably the Sosthenes (see Note on 1Corinthians 1:16) the chief ruler of the synagogue mentioned in Acts 18:17, one of the brethren well known to the Corinthians. From his name being thus joined with that of the Apostle, we may conjecture that he was his amanuensis in writing this Epistle, the salutation only (1Corinthians 16:21) having been written by St. Paul's hand.

Verse 1. - Paul. After the beginning of the first missionary journey (A.D. 45) he seems to have finally abandoned his Hebrew name of Saul. Called. The word "called" is absent from A, D, E, and other manuscripts, but may have been omitted as superfluous. It occurs in the greeting of Romans 1:1, but not in any other Epistle. The words might also be rendered "a called or chosen apostle." To be an apostle. He uses this title in every letter except the private one to Philemon, the peculiarly friendly and informal one to the Philippians, and the two to the Thessalonians, which were written before the Judaizers had challenged his claim to this title in its more special sense. The Epistle to the Romans is the first in which he calls himself "a slave of Jesus Christ" (comp. Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:1; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1). It was necessary for him to assert his right to the apostolate in the highest sense of the word, as one who had received from Christ himself an authority equal to that of the twelve (see 1 Corinthians 9:1-5; 1 Corinthians 15:9; 2 Corinthians 11:5; 2 Corinthians 12:11, 12; Galatians 1:1-19, etc.). Of Jesus Christ. In the Gospels the word "Christ" is all but invariably "the Christ," i.e. the Anointed, the Messiah. It is the designation of the office of Jesus as the promised Deliverer. We trace in the New Testament the gradual transition of the word from a title into a proper name. In the two names together our Lord is represented as "the Saviour," and the anointed Prophet, Priest, and King, first of the chosen people and then of all mankind. Through the will of God (comp. 2 Corinthians 1 Ephesians Colossians 2 Timothy 1:1). This special call to the apostleship is emphatically expanded in Galatians 1:1. The vindication of the Divine and independent claim was essential to St. Paul's work. It was not due to any personal considerations, but to the necessity of proving that no human authority could be quoted to overthrow the gospel which was peculiarly "his gospel" (see Galatians 1:11; Ephesians 3:8), of which one main feature was the freedom of the Gentiles from the yoke of Judaic bondage. And Soathenes. The association of one or more brethren with himself in the greeting of his letters is peculiar to St. Paul. Silas and Timothy are associated with him in 1 and 2 Thessalonians; and Timothy, though so much his junior, in 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon; doubtless he would have been associated with St. Paul in this Epistle had he not been absent (1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Corinthians 16:10). The practice arose partly from St. Paul's exquisite courtesy and consideration towards his companions, partly from his shrinking from mere personal prominence. It is owing to the same reasons that in the earlier Epistles he constantly uses "we" for "I," and sometimes when he can only be speaking of himself (1 Thessalonians 2:18). But even in the Epistles to the Thessalonians he sometimes relapses from "we" into "I" (2 Thessalonians 2:5). Our brother; literally, the brother; i.e. one of "the brethren" (comp. 2 Corinthians 1:1). Of Sosthenes nothing whatever is known. He may possibly be the amanuensis whom St. Paul employed for this letter. Later tradition, which in such matters is perfectly valueless, spoke of him as" one of the seventy disciples, and Bishop of Colophon" (Eusebius, 'Hist. Eccl.,' 1:12). There is a Jewish Sosthenes, a ruler of the synagogue, in Acts 18:17; but it is only a vague conjecture that he may have been subsequently converted, and may have joined St. Paul at Ephesus. It is obvious that the persons named in the greetings of the Epistles were not in any way supposed to be responsible for their contents, lot St. Paul begins with "I" in ver. 4. Brother. At this time there was no recognized title for Christians. In the Acts they are vaguely spoken of as "those of this way." Among themselves they were known as "the saints," "the faithful," "the elect." The name "Christians" was originally a nickname devised by the Antiochenes. In the New Testament it only occurs as a designation used by enemies (Acts 11:26; Acts 26:28; 1 Peter 4:16). 1:1-9 All Christians are by baptism dedicated and devoted to Christ, and are under strict obligations to be holy. But in the true church of God are all who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, and who call upon him as God manifest in the flesh, for all the blessings of salvation; who acknowledge and obey him as their Lord, and as Lord of all; it includes no other persons. Christians are distinguished from the profane and atheists, that they dare not live without prayer; and they are distinguished from Jews and pagans, that they call on the name of Christ. Observe how often in these verses the apostle repeats the words, Our Lord Jesus Christ. He feared not to make too frequent or too honourable mention of him. To all who called upon Christ, the apostle gave his usual salutation, desiring, in their behalf, the pardoning mercy, sanctifying grace, and comforting peace of God, through Jesus Christ. Sinners can have no peace with God, nor any from him, but through Christ. He gives thanks for their conversion to the faith of Christ; that grace was given them by Jesus Christ. They had been enriched by him with all spiritual gifts. He speaks of utterance and knowledge. And where God has given these two gifts, he has given great power for usefulness. These were gifts of the Holy Ghost, by which God bore witness to the apostles. Those that wait for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, will be kept by him to the end; and those that are so, will be blameless in the day of Christ, made so by rich and free grace. How glorious are the hopes of such a privilege; to be kept by the power of Christ, from the power of our corruptions and Satan's temptations!
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