Numbers 35:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death; when the avenger comes upon the murderer, the avenger shall put the murderer to death.

New Living Translation
The victim's nearest relative is responsible for putting the murderer to death. When they meet, the avenger must put the murderer to death.

English Standard Version
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he meets him, he shall put him to death.

Berean Study Bible
The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

New American Standard Bible
'The blood avenger himself shall put the murderer to death; he shall put him to death when he meets him.

King James Bible
The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him.

Christian Standard Bible
The avenger of blood himself is to kill the murderer; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

Contemporary English Version
by one of the victim's relatives. He will take revenge for his relative's death as soon as he finds you.

Good News Translation
The dead person's nearest relative has the responsibility for putting the murderer to death. When he finds you, he is to kill you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The avenger of blood himself is to kill the murderer; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

International Standard Version
The blood avenger himself is to execute the murderer. When he meets him, the blood avenger is to put him to death.

NET Bible
The avenger of blood himself must kill the murderer; when he meets him, he must kill him.

New Heart English Bible
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death: when he meets him, he shall put him to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The relative who can avenge the death must make sure a murderer is put to death. When he catches up with the murderer, he must kill him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he meeteth him, he shall put him to death.

New American Standard 1977
‘The blood avenger himself shall put the murderer to death; he shall put him to death when he meets him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The kinsman avenger {Heb. redeemer} of blood shall slay the murderer; when he meets him, he shall slay him.

King James 2000 Bible
The avenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him.

American King James Version
The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him.

American Standard Version
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death: when he meeteth him, he shall put him to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The kinsman of him that was slain, shall kill the murderer: as soon as he apprehendeth him, he shall kill him.

Darby Bible Translation
the avenger of blood, he shall put the murderer to death; when he meeteth him, he shall put him to death.

English Revised Version
The avenger of blood shall himself put the manslayer to death: when he meeteth him, he shall put him to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
The avenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him.

World English Bible
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death: when he meets him, he shall put him to death.

Young's Literal Translation
'The redeemer of blood himself doth put the murderer to death; in his coming against him he doth put him to death.
Study Bible
Six Cities of Refuge
18If anyone has in his hand a deadly object of wood, and he strikes and kills another, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death. 19The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him. 20Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,…
Cross References
Genesis 4:14
Behold, this day You have driven me from the face of the earth, and from Your face I will be hidden; I will be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”

Numbers 35:18
If anyone has in his hand a deadly object of wood, and he strikes and kills another, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:20
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

2 Samuel 14:7
Now the whole clan has risen up against your maidservant and said, ‘Hand over the one who struck down his brother, that we may put him to death for the life of the brother whom he killed. Then we will cut off the heir as well!’ So they would extinguish my one remaining ember by not preserving my husband’s name or posterity on the earth.”

2 Samuel 14:11
“Please,” she replied, “may the king invoke the LORD your God to prevent the avenger of blood from increasing the devastation, so that my son may not be destroyed!” “As surely as the LORD lives,” he vowed, “not a hair of your son's head will fall to the ground.”

Treasury of Scripture

The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him.

Numbers 35:12,21,24,27 And they shall be to you cities for refuge from the avenger; that …

Deuteronomy 19:6,12 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart …

Joshua 20:3,5 That the slayer that kills any person unawares and unwittingly may …







Verse 19. - When he meeteth him, i.e., outside a city of refuge. The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer,.... Not only shall have power to do it, but, as it seems, should be obliged to do it; be the executioner of the murderer; but not before his case has been heard, examined, tried, and judged; wherefore the Targum of Jonathan adds,"in judgment,''that is, as Onkelos explains it,"when he is condemned by judgment,''the court of judicature:

when he meeteth him he shall slay him; the first opportunity he has, even though, as Jarchi says, if he meets him in the midst of one of the cities of refuge, and no judgment is passed on him. 35:9-34 To show plainly the abhorrence of murder, and to provide the more effectually for the punishment of the murderer, the nearest relation of the deceased, under the title of avenger of blood, (or the redeemer of blood,) in notorious cases, might pursue, and execute vengeance. A distinction is made, not between sudden anger and malice aforethought, both which are the crime of murder; but between intentionally striking a man with any weapon likely to cause death, and an unintentional blow. In the latter case alone, the city of refuge afforded protection. Murder in all its forms, and under all disguises, pollutes a land. Alas! that so many murders, under the name of duels, prize-fights, etc. should pass unpunished. There were six cities of refuge; one or other might be reached in less than a day's journey from any part of the land. To these, man-slayers might flee for refuge, and be safe, till they had a fair trial. If acquitted from the charge, they were protected from the avenger of blood; yet they must continue within the bounds of the city till the death of the high priest. Thus we are reminded that the death of the great High Priest is the only means whereby sins are pardoned, and sinners set at liberty. These cities are plainly alluded to, both in the Old and New Testament, we cannot doubt the typical character of their appointment. Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope, saith the voice of mercy, Zec 9:12, alluding to the city of refuge. St. Paul describes the strong consolation of fleeing for refuge to the hope set before us, in a passage always applied to the gracious appointment of the cities of refuge, Heb 6:18. The rich mercies of salvation, through Christ, prefigured by these cities, demand our regard. 1. Did the ancient city rear its towers of safety on high? See Christ raised up on the cross; and is he not exalted at the right hand of his Father, to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance and remission of sins? 2. Does not the highway of salvation, resemble the smooth and plain path to the city of refuge? Survey the path that leads to the Redeemer. Is there any stumbling-block to be found therein, except that which an evil heart of unbelief supplies for its own fall? 3. Waymarks were set up pointing to the city. And is it not the office of the ministers of the gospel to direct sinners to Him? 4. The gate of the city stood open night and day. Has not Christ declared, Him that cometh unto me I will in nowise cast out? 5. The city of refuge afforded support to every one who entered its walls. Those who have reached the refuge, may live by faith on Him whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed. 6. The city was a refuge for all. In the gospel there is no respect of persons. That soul lives not which deserves not Divine wrath; that soul lives not which may not in simple faith hope for salvation and life eternal, through the Son of God.



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