Matthew 10:36
Parallel Verses
New International Version
a man's enemies will be the members of his own household.'

New Living Translation
Your enemies will be right in your own household!'

English Standard Version
And a person’s enemies will be those of his own household.

New American Standard Bible
and A MAN'S ENEMIES WILL BE THE MEMBERS OF HIS HOUSEHOLD.

King James Bible
And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and a man's enemies will be the members of his household.

International Standard Version
A person's enemies will include members of his own family.'

NET Bible
and a man's enemies will be the members of his household.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And a man's enemies will be the members of his household.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person's enemies will be the members of his own family.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And a man's foes shall be those of his own household.

King James 2000 Bible
And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

American King James Version
And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

American Standard Version
and a man's foes'shall be they of his own household.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And as a man's enemies shall be they of his own household.

Darby Bible Translation
and they of his household [shall be] a man's enemies.

English Revised Version
and a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a man's foes will be they of his own household.

Weymouth New Testament
and a man's own family will be his foes.

World English Bible
A man's foes will be those of his own household.

Young's Literal Translation
and the enemies of a man are those of his household.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:16-42 Our Lord warned his disciples to prepare for persecution. They were to avoid all things which gave advantage to their enemies, all meddling with worldly or political concerns, all appearance of evil or selfishness, and all underhand measures. Christ foretold troubles, not only that the troubles might not be a surprise, but that they might confirm their faith. He tells them what they should suffer, and from whom. Thus Christ has dealt fairly and faithfully with us, in telling us the worst we can meet with in his service; and he would have us deal so with ourselves, in sitting down and counting the cost. Persecutors are worse than beasts, in that they prey upon those of their own kind. The strongest bonds of love and duty, have often been broken through from enmity against Christ. Sufferings from friends and relations are very grievous; nothing cuts more. It appears plainly, that all who will live godly in Christ Jesus must suffer persecution; and we must expect to enter into the kingdom of God through many tribulations. With these predictions of trouble, are counsels and comforts for a time of trial. The disciples of Christ are hated and persecuted as serpents, and their ruin is sought, and they need the serpent's wisdom. Be ye harmless as doves. Not only, do nobody any hurt, but bear nobody any ill-will. Prudent care there must be, but not an anxious, perplexing thought; let this care be cast upon God. The disciples of Christ must think more how to do well, than how to speak well. In case of great peril, the disciples of Christ may go out of the way of danger, though they must not go out of the way of duty. No sinful, unlawful means may be used to escape; for then it is not a door of God's opening. The fear of man brings a snare, a perplexing snare, that disturbs our peace; an entangling snare, by which we are drawn into sin; and, therefore, it must be striven and prayed against. Tribulation, distress, and persecution cannot take away God's love to them, or theirs to him. Fear Him, who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. They must deliver their message publicly, for all are deeply concerned in the doctrine of the gospel. The whole counsel of God must be made known, Ac 20:27. Christ shows them why they should be of good cheer. Their sufferings witnessed against those who oppose his gospel. When God calls us to speak for him, we may depend on him to teach us what to say. A believing prospect of the end of our troubles, will be of great use to support us under them. They may be borne to the end, because the sufferers shall be borne up under them. The strength shall be according to the day. And it is great encouragement to those who are doing Christ's work, that it is a work which shall certainly be done. See how the care of Providence extends to all creatures, even to the sparrows. This should silence all the fears of God's people; Ye are of more value than many sparrows. And the very hairs of your head are all numbered. This denotes the account God takes and keeps of his people. It is our duty, not only to believe in Christ, but to profess that faith, in suffering for him, when we are called to it, as well as in serving him. That denial of Christ only is here meant which is persisted in, and that confession only can have the blessed recompence here promised, which is the real and constant language of faith and love. Religion is worth every thing; all who believe the truth of it, will come up to the price, and make every thing else yield to it. Christ will lead us through sufferings, to glory with him. Those are best prepared for the life to come, that sit most loose to this present life. Though the kindness done to Christ's disciples be ever so small, yet if there be occasion for it, and ability to do no more, it shall be accepted. Christ does not say that they deserve a reward; for we cannot merit any thing from the hand of God; but they shall receive a reward from the free gift of God. Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 36. - No parallel passage in the Gospels. And a man's foes shall be they of his own household (καὶ ἐχθροὶ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου οἱ οἰκιακοὶ αὐτοῦ). Ἐχθροί ισ predicate. His very household (not to be limited to servants) turns against him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And a man's foes shall be they of his own household. His children, and his servants, such that he has either begotten and brought up, or are daily fed at his table, and maintained by him. This, with the former instances, are borrowed from Micah 7:6 and the times of the Gospel are set forth in the same dismal and black characters, as those in which the prophet lived; and much such a description do the Jews themselves give, of the times of their expected Messiah; which agreeing in words, as well as things, I cannot forbear transcribing.

"The government shall be turned to heresy (Sadducism), and there will be no reproof; the synagogue shall become a brothel house, Galilee shall be destroyed, and Gablan shall be laid waste, and the men of the border shall wander from city to city, and shall obtain no mercy; the wisdom of the Scribes shall stink, and they that fear to sin shall be despised, and truth shall fail; young men shall turn pale, or put to shame, the faces of old men, and old men shall stand before young men; the "son" shall deal basely "with his father, the daughter shall rise up against her mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, and the enemies of a man shall be they of his own house": the face of that generation shall be as the face of a dog, and the son shall not reverence his father (o).''

All which characters, how exactly they agree with the generation in which Christ lived, is easy to observe.

(o) Misn. Sota, c. 9. sect. 15. T. Bab. Sanhedrim, fol. 97. 1. Zohar in Num. fol. 102. 3. & Raya Mehimna in ib. in Lev. fol. 28. 2. Shirhashirim Rabba, fol. 11. 4. Derech Eretz Zuta, fol. 19. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

36. And a man's foes shall be they of his own household—This saying, which is quoted, as is the whole verse, from Mic 7:6, is but an extension of the Psalmist's complaint (Ps 41:9; 55:12-14), which had its most affecting illustration in the treason of Judas against our Lord Himself (Joh 13:18; Mt 26:48-50). Hence would arise the necessity of a choice between Christ and the nearest relations, which would put them to the severest test.

Matthew 10:36 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sword of the Gospel
35"For I came to SET A MAN AGAINST HIS FATHER, AND A DAUGHTER AGAINST HER MOTHER, AND A DAUGHTER-IN-LAW AGAINST HER MOTHER-IN-LAW; 36and A MAN'S ENEMIES WILL BE THE MEMBERS OF HIS HOUSEHOLD.
Cross References
1 Samuel 17:28
When Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger at him and asked, "Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle."

Isaiah 19:2
"I will stir up Egyptian against Egyptian-- brother will fight against brother, neighbor against neighbor, city against city, kingdom against kingdom.

Micah 7:6
For a son dishonors his father, a daughter rises up against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law-- a man's enemies are the members of his own household.

Matthew 10:21
"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death.
Treasury of Scripture

And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your …

Genesis 4:8-10 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when …

Genesis 37:17-28 And the man said, They are departed hence; for I heard them say, …

1 Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and …

2 Samuel 16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, …

Job 19:13-19 He has put my brothers far from me, and my acquaintance are truly …

Psalm 41:9 Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of …

Psalm 55:13 But it was you, a man my equal, my guide, and my acquaintance.

Jeremiah 12:6 For even your brothers, and the house of your father, even they have …

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

Micah 7:6 For the son dishonors the father, the daughter rises up against her …

John 13:8 Peter said to him, You shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, …

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