Joshua 4:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
About forty thousand armed for battle crossed over before the LORD to the plains of Jericho for war.

New Living Translation
These armed men--about 40,000 strong--were ready for battle, and the LORD was with them as they crossed over to the plains of Jericho.

English Standard Version
About 40,000 ready for war passed over before the LORD for battle, to the plains of Jericho.

New American Standard Bible
about 40,000 equipped for war, crossed for battle before the LORD to the desert plains of Jericho.

King James Bible
About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
About 40,000 equipped for war crossed to the plains of Jericho in the LORD's presence.

International Standard Version
About 40,000 soldiers equipped to do battle in the LORD's presence crossed over to the desert plains of Jericho.

NET Bible
About forty thousand battle-ready troops marched past the LORD to fight on the plains of Jericho.

New Heart English Bible
About forty thousand men, ready and armed for war passed over before the LORD to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
About 40,000 armed men crossed the river in front of the LORD to the plains of Jericho for battle.

JPS Tanakh 1917
about forty thousand ready armed for war passed on in the presence of the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

New American Standard 1977
about 40,000, equipped for war, crossed for battle before the LORD to the desert plains of Jericho.

Jubilee Bible 2000
About forty thousand men prepared for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, towards the plains of Jericho.

King James 2000 Bible
About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

American King James Version
About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

American Standard Version
about forty thousand ready armed for war passed over before Jehovah unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And forty thousand fighting men by their troops, and bands, marched through the plains and fields of the city of Jericho.

Darby Bible Translation
About forty thousand armed for military service passed over before Jehovah to the war, unto the plains of Jericho.

English Revised Version
about forty thousand ready armed for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Webster's Bible Translation
About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

World English Bible
About forty thousand men, ready and armed for war passed over before Yahweh to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Young's Literal Translation
about forty thousand, armed ones of the host, passed over before Jehovah for battle, unto the plains of Jericho.
Study Bible
Twelve Stones from the Jordan
12The sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh crossed over in battle array before the sons of Israel, just as Moses had spoken to them; 13about 40,000 equipped for war, crossed for battle before the LORD to the desert plains of Jericho. 14On that day the LORD exalted Joshua in the sight of all Israel; so that they revered him, just as they had revered Moses all the days of his life.…
Cross References
Exodus 13:18
Hence God led the people around by the way of the wilderness to the Red Sea; and the sons of Israel went up in martial array from the land of Egypt.

Numbers 32:17
but we ourselves will be armed ready to go before the sons of Israel, until we have brought them to their place, while our little ones live in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.

Deuteronomy 3:18
"Then I commanded you at that time, saying, 'The LORD your God has given you this land to possess it; all you valiant men shall cross over armed before your brothers, the sons of Israel.

Joshua 4:12
The sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh crossed over in battle array before the sons of Israel, just as Moses had spoken to them;

Joshua 4:14
On that day the LORD exalted Joshua in the sight of all Israel; so that they revered him, just as they had revered Moses all the days of his life.

Jeremiah 39:5
But the army of the Chaldeans pursued them and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and they seized him and brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, and he passed sentence on him.
Treasury of Scripture

About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

prepared for war. or, ready armed

Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against …

to the plains

Joshua 5:10 And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover …

2 Kings 25:5 And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook …

Jeremiah 39:5 But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah …

Jeremiah 52:8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook …

(13) About forty thousand.--The totals of these three tribes at the last census (Numbers 26) were:--Reuben (Numbers 26:7), 43,730; Gad (Numbers 26:18), 40,500; Manasseh (Numbers 26:34), 52,700, or for the exact half, 26, 350. Thus the entire force of the two and a half tribes might amount to 110,580. They therefore left more than half their number to protect their families and their dwellings. This does not seem inconsistent with the spirit of their agreement with Moses, or with the interpretation of that agreement by Joshua and their fellow-Israelites. (See Numbers 32:16-17; Numbers 32:24; Numbers 32:26.) The permission to build cities implies the right to fortify and defend them.

Reuben, Gad, and Simeon formed the second division on the march in the wilderness (Numbers 10:18-20). Why Reuben and Gad discarded Simeon, and associated themselves with part of Manasseh, is not explained. (See Names on the Gates of Pearl.--Simeon.)

Verse 13. - Prepared for war. εὔζωνοι, LXX. Literally, disencumbered, like the Latin expeditus. Unlike Numbers 31:5, the Hebrew has the article here. The meaning therefore may be "equipped men of the host," i.e., the light armed and active among them. If we translate thus, it is clear that all their armed men did not go over Jordan. The impedimenta were left behind, under a strong guard (see notes on Joshua 1:14). The plains of Jericho. Here the LXX. and Theodotion have τὴν Ιερίχὼ πόλιν, Symmachus renders by ἀοίκητον, the Vulgate by cumpestria. The original is עַרְבות literally, the deserts or uncultivated lands (see note on Joshua 3:16). They formed a "low-lying plain about four hours' journey in breadth," at that time largely covered with palm trees and thorny acacias, but apparently not cultivated. Since that time, the palms having disappeared, the plain has become "a very picture of fertility," "covered with luxuriant vegetation" (Bartlett, 'From Egypt to Palestine,' p. 453. See also note on Joshua 3:16). The valley narrows to a gorge at Jericho, through which the Kelt, according to Robinson the ancient Cherith, flows, the source of all the verdure which once bloomed around the city. The gorge of the Kelt Canon Tristram describes as "tremendous," but he believes the Cherith to have been eastward of Jordan, following Mr. Grove, who is here disposed to accept the. tradition of Eusebius and Jerome. About forty thousand prepared for war,.... Accoutred with proper armour to defend themselves, and their brethren, and annoy their enemies: this is to be understood of such a number of the above mentioned tribes; otherwise the number of all Israel that went over Jordan, even armed or fighting men, besides women and children, were five hundred thousand or more. Now though the number of men fit for war, of these tribes, were an hundred thirty thousand, who were all, according to the original agreement, under obligation to go with their brethren over Jordan into Canaan's land, and continue with them until it was subdued, and they had rest in it; yet Joshua took no more than about forty thousand of them, who we may suppose were select men, and fit for his purpose; the rest were left to look after their flocks, their families, and their lands: these

passed over before the Lord unto battle; over Jordan, before the ark of the Lord, as that stood in Jordan, bore by the priests there, being ready to engage in battle whenever it was necessary: and they went on with their brethren

to the plains of Jericho; to a place afterwards called Gilgal; see Joshua 4:19. The Septuagint version is, to the city Jericho. 13. to the plains of Jericho—That part of the Arabah or Ghor, on the west, is about seven miles broad from the Jordan to the mountain entrance at Wady-Kelt. Though now desert, this valley was in ancient times richly covered with wood. An immense palm forest, seven miles long, surrounded Jericho.4:10-19 The priests with the ark did not stir till ordered to move. Let none be weary of waiting, while they have the tokens of God's presence with them, even the ark of the covenant, though it be in the depths of adversity. Notice is taken of the honour put upon Joshua. Those are feared in the best manner, and to the best purpose, who make it appear that God is with them, and that they set him before them.
Jump to Previous
Armed Battle Crossed Desert Equipped Host Jericho Lowlands Military Ones Passed Plains Prepared Presence Ready Service Thousand War
Jump to Next
Armed Battle Crossed Desert Equipped Host Jericho Lowlands Military Ones Passed Plains Prepared Presence Ready Service Thousand War
Links
Joshua 4:13 NIV
Joshua 4:13 NLT
Joshua 4:13 ESV
Joshua 4:13 NASB
Joshua 4:13 KJV

Joshua 4:13 Biblia Paralela
Joshua 4:13 Chinese Bible
Joshua 4:13 French Bible
Joshua 4:13 German Bible

Alphabetical: About armed battle before crossed desert equipped for forty Jericho LORD of over plains the thousand to war

OT History: Joshua 4:13 About forty thousand men ready and armed (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Joshua 4:12
Top of Page
Top of Page