John 13:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him.

New Living Translation
The disciple Jesus loved was sitting next to Jesus at the table.

English Standard Version
One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining at table at Jesus’ side,

Berean Study Bible
One of His disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was reclining at His side.

Berean Literal Bible
There was reclining one of His disciples whom Jesus loved in the bosom of Jesus.

New American Standard Bible
There was reclining on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.

King James Bible
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
One of His disciples, the one Jesus loved, was reclining close beside Jesus.

International Standard Version
One of his disciples, the one whom Jesus kept loving, had been sitting very close to him.

NET Bible
One of his disciples, the one Jesus loved, was at the table to the right of Jesus in a place of honor.

New Heart English Bible
One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining against Jesus' chest.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But there was one of his disciples who was supported in his bosom, for whom Yeshua had great affection.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
One disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, was near him at the table.

New American Standard 1977
There was reclining on Jesus’ breast one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was seated at the table beside Jesus.

King James 2000 Bible
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

American King James Version
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

American Standard Version
There was at the table reclining in Jesus bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Darby Bible Translation
Now there was at table one of his disciples in the bosom of Jesus, whom Jesus loved.

English Revised Version
There was at the table reclining in Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom, one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

Weymouth New Testament
There was at table one of His disciples--the one Jesus loved-- reclining with his head on Jesus's bosom.

World English Bible
One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was at the table, leaning against Jesus' breast.

Young's Literal Translation
And there was one of his disciples reclining (at meat) in the bosom of Jesus, whom Jesus was loving;
Study Bible
Jesus Predicts His Betrayal
22The disciples began to look at one another, perplexed as to which of them He meant. 23One of His disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was reclining at His side. 24So Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus which one He was talking about.…
Cross References
Luke 16:22
One day the beggar died and was carried by the angels to Abraham's side. And the rich man also died and was buried.

John 1:18
No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is Himself God and is at the Father's side, has made Him known.

John 13:24
So Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus which one He was talking about.

John 19:26
When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, "Woman, here is your son."

John 20:2
So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved. "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb," she said, "and we do not know where they have put Him!"

John 21:7
Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!" As soon as Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment (for he had removed it) and jumped into the sea.

John 21:20
Peter turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them. He was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper to ask, "Lord, who is going to betray You?"
Treasury of Scripture

Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

leaning.

John 13:25 He then lying on Jesus' breast said to him, Lord, who is it?

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is …

John 21:20 Then Peter, turning about, sees the disciple whom Jesus loved following; …

2 Samuel 12:3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he …

whom.

John 11:3,5,36 Therefore his sisters sent to him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom …

John 19:26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, …

John 20:2 Then she runs, and comes to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, …

John 21:7,24 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, It is the …

Revelation 1:16-18 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went …

(23) Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom.--Leonardo's picture is in one respect misleading, and, like most paintings of the Lord's Supper, has not represented the method in which the guests reclined rather than sat at table. Each leaned on his left arm, leaving the right arm free. The feet were stretched out behind the guest on his right hand, and the back of the head reached near to the bosom of the guest on the left. (Comp. Note on John 13:25.) The Jews followed this Persian method of reclining on couches at meals from the time of the Captivity, and this method of eating the Passover had the special significance of security and possession of the Promised Land, as opposed to the attitude of one undertaking a journey, which was part of the original institution (Exodus 12:11).

One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved--i.e., John himself. (Comp. John 21:2; John 21:7; John 21:20-23, and Introduction, p. 375.) The same designation occurs also in John 19:26.

Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom,.... Not pressing upon that part of Christ's body, which would have been irreverent in John, and troublesome to Christ; but leaning at table upon his bed or couch, on which he lay; and which was next to, and just before Christ; so that he was very near unto, and seemed to lie in the bosom of Christ; as such are said to do, who sit next at table to another. The posture of the Jews at table, was either "sitting" or "lying", and a difference they make between these two;

"if, say they (d), , "they sat" to eat everyone asked a blessing for himself; but if "they lay down", one asked a blessing for them all.''

This lying down was not on their backs, nor on their right side, but on their left; for they say (e), that

"lying down on the back, is not called "lying down"; and lying on the right side, is not called lying down.''

And the reason given is (f), because they have need of the right hand to eat with; but as they elsewhere (g) observe,

"they used to eat lying along, leaning on the left side, their feet to the ground, and every man on a single couch.''

Would you know the order in which they, lay, take the account as they have given it (h);

"when there were but two couches, the principal person lay first, and the second to him above him; and when there were three, the principal person lay in the middle, the second to him above him, and the third below him; and if he would talk with him, he raised himself upright, and sitting upright he talked with him; that is, as the gloss explains it, if the principal person was desirous to talk with him that was second to him, he must raise himself up from his lying down, and sit upright; for all the white he is leaning, he cannot talk with him, because he that is second to him, is behind the head of the principal person, and the face of the principal person is turned to the other side; and it is better for the second to sit below him, that he may hear his words, whilst he is leaning.''

The form in which Christ and his disciples sat or lay at table, we may conceive was this (i); a table was placed in the middle and as many beds or couches round it, as there were persons; Christ the principal and most worthy person lay first, with his head toward the table, his face somewhat turned from it, leaning on his left elbow upon the couch; in this posture lay Jesus, upon the first couch; in the same posture lay John, in the next to him, and just before him; the hinder part of his head being towards, and near the breast and bosom of Jesus; whence he is said to lean upon it: now to lie next to the principal person, was a very great honour, as well as a mark of great affection; and for John to lie next to Jesus, and as it were to lean on his bosom, showed how much he was respected and honoured by him; and therefore John modestly conceals his name, and only says,

one of his disciples whom Jesus loved; Christ, as the Son of God, and surety of his people, loved his true disciples, as he does all his elect, alike; not one more than the other; but as man, he had a particular affection for this disciple, and therefore admitted him near his person, and was very familiar with him.

(d) Misn. Beracot, c. 6. sect. 6. (e) T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 108. 1.((f) Gloss in ib. (g) Gloss in T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 46. 2. & Bartenora in Misn. Beracot, c. 6. sect. 6. (h) T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 46. 2.((i) Vid. Alstorphium delectis veterum, p. 109, 110. 23-26. there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved—Thus modestly does our Evangelist denote himself, as reclining next to Jesus at the table.

Peter … beckoned to him to ask who it should be of whom he spake—reclining probably at the corresponding place on the other side of Jesus.13:18-30 Our Lord had often spoken of his own sufferings and death, without such trouble of spirit as he now discovered when he spake of Judas. The sins of Christians are the grief of Christ. We are not to confine our attention to Judas. The prophecy of his treachery may apply to all who partake of God's mercies, and meet them with ingratitude. See the infidel, who only looks at the Scriptures with a desire to do away their authority and destroy their influence; the hypocrite, who professes to believe the Scriptures, but will not govern himself by them; and the apostate, who turns aside from Christ for a thing of naught. Thus mankind, supported by God's providence, after eating bread with Him, lift up the heel against Him! Judas went out as one weary of Jesus and his apostles. Those whose deeds are evil, love darkness rather than light.
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