Job 39:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Do you know when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears her fawn?

New Living Translation
"Do you know when the wild goats give birth? Have you watched as deer are born in the wild?

English Standard Version
“Do you know when the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the does?

New American Standard Bible
"Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the deer?

King James Bible
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do you know when mountain goats give birth? Have you watched the deer in labor?

International Standard Version
"Do you know when the mountain goat gives birth? Do you watch the doe as it calves its young?

NET Bible
"Are you acquainted with the way the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch as the wild deer give birth to their young?

New Heart English Bible
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch the does when they are in labor?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

New American Standard 1977
“Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth?
            Do you observe the calving of the deer?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Knowest thou the time when the mountain goats bring forth? Hast thou observed when the hinds calve?

King James 2000 Bible
Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can you mark when the hinds do calve?

American King James Version
Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can you mark when the hinds do calve?

American Standard Version
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats bring forth among the rocks, or hast thou observed the hinds when they fawn?

Darby Bible Translation
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? dost thou mark the calving of the hinds?

English Revised Version
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Webster's Bible Translation
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

World English Bible
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?

Young's Literal Translation
Hast thou known the time of The bearing of the wild goats of the rock? The bringing forth of hinds thou dost mark!
Study Bible
God Speaks of His Creation
1"Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the deer? 2"Can you count the months they fulfill, Or do you know the time they give birth?…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 14:5
the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope and the mountain sheep.

1 Samuel 24:2
Then Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel and went to seek David and his men in front of the Rocks of the Wild Goats.

Job 39:2
"Can you count the months they fulfill, Or do you know the time they give birth?

Psalm 29:9
The voice of the LORD makes the deer to calve And strips the forests bare; And in His temple everything says, "Glory!"

Psalm 104:18
The high mountains are for the wild goats; The cliffs are a refuge for the shephanim.
Treasury of Scripture

Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can you mark when the hinds do calve?

the wild

1 Samuel 24:2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went …

Psalm 104:18 The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

when

Psalm 29:9 The voice of the LORD makes the hinds to calve, and discovers the …

Jeremiah 14:5 Yes, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook it, because there …

Verses 1-30. - This chapter completes the survey of animate nature begun at Job 38:39. The habits and instincts of the wild goat, the wild ass, and wild cattle are first noticed (vers. 1-12); then a transition is made to the most remarkable of birds, the ostrich (vers. 13-18). Next, the horse is described, and, as it were, depicted, in a passage of extraordinary fire and brilliancy (vers. 19-25). Finally, a return is made to remarkable birds, and the habits of the hawk and eagle obtain mention (vers. 26-30). Throughout, the object is to show the infinite wisdom of God, and the utter incompetence of man to explain the mysteries of nature. Verse 1. - Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? The wild goats of Western Asia are of two kinds, the Capra segagrus, and the Asiatic ibex, or Capra Sinaitica. The latter is probably the animal here intended, which is called yael sela, "the wild goat of the rocks," and was known to the Assyrians as ya-e-li. It is an animal with large rough horns curving backwards, closely allied to the steinbock, or bouquetin, of the Swiss and Tyrolian Alps. It is very shy and wild, difficult of approach, and inhabiting only the most rocky and desolate tracts of Syria and Arabia. Representations of the animal, which was hunted by the Assyrian kings, are common upon the Ninevite monuments (see 'Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. p. 140. Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve? "The hinds" here are probably the females of the species of ibex intended. The clause is therefore a mere repetition, in other words, of the preceding one. Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth?.... Which creatures are so called, because they dwell among the rocks (d) and run upon them; and though their heads are loaded with a vast burden of horns upon them, yet can so poise themselves, as with the greatest swiftness, to leap from mountain to mountain, as Pliny says (e): and if they bring forth their young in the rocks, as Olympiodorus asserts, and which is not improbable, it is not to be wondered, that the time of their bringing forth should not be known by men, to whom the rocks they run upon are inaccessible;

or canst thou mark the time when the hinds do calve? that is, precisely and exactly, and so as to direct, order, and manage, and bring it about, as the Lord does: and it is wonderful that they should calve, and not cast their young before their time, when they are continually in flight and fright, through men or wild beasts, and are almost always running and leaping about; and often scared with thunder, which hastens birth, Psalm 29:9; otherwise the time of their bringing forth in general is known by men, as will be observed in Job 39:2.

(d) "----Amantis saxa capellae". Ovid. Epist. 15. v. 55. (e) Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 53. Aelian. de Animal. l. 14. c. 16. CHAPTER 39

Job 39:1-30.

1. Even wild beasts, cut off from all care of man, are cared for by God at their seasons of greatest need. Their instinct comes direct from God and guides them to help themselves in parturition; the very time when the herdsman is most anxious for his herds.

wild goats—ibex (Ps 104:18; 1Sa 24:2).

hinds—fawns; most timid and defenseless animals, yet cared for by God.39:1-30 God inquires of Job concerning several animals. - In these questions the Lord continued to humble Job. In this chapter several animals are spoken of, whose nature or situation particularly show the power, wisdom, and manifold works of God. The wild ass. It is better to labour and be good for something, than to ramble and be good for nothing. From the untameableness of this and other creatures, we may see, how unfit we are to give law to Providence, who cannot give law even to a wild ass's colt. The unicorn, a strong, stately, proud creature. He is able to serve, but not willing; and God challenges Job to force him to it. It is a great mercy if, where God gives strength for service, he gives a heart; it is what we should pray for, and reason ourselves into, which the brutes cannot do. Those gifts are not always the most valuable that make the finest show. Who would not rather have the voice of the nightingale, than the tail of the peacock; the eye of the eagle and her soaring wing, and the natural affection of the stork, than the beautiful feathers of the ostrich, which can never rise above the earth, and is without natural affection? The description of the war-horse helps to explain the character of presumptuous sinners. Every one turneth to his course, as the horse rushes into the battle. When a man's heart is fully set in him to do evil, and he is carried on in a wicked way, by the violence of his appetites and passions, there is no making him fear the wrath of God, and the fatal consequences of sin. Secure sinners think themselves as safe in their sins as the eagle in her nest on high, in the clefts of the rocks; but I will bring thee down from thence, saith the Lord, #Jer 49:16". All these beautiful references to the works of nature, should teach us a right view of the riches of the wisdom of Him who made and sustains all things. The want of right views concerning the wisdom of God, which is ever present in all things, led Job to think and speak unworthily of Providence.
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OT Poetry: Job 39:1 Do you know the time when (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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