Genesis 47:31
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New International Version
"Swear to me," he said. Then Joseph swore to him, and Israel worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

New Living Translation
"Swear that you will do it," Jacob insisted. So Joseph gave his oath, and Jacob bowed humbly at the head of his bed.

English Standard Version
And he said, “Swear to me”; and he swore to him. Then Israel bowed himself upon the head of his bed.

New American Standard Bible
He said, "Swear to me." So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed.

King James Bible
And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And Jacob said, "Swear to me." So Joseph swore to him. Then Israel bowed in thanks at the head of his bed.

International Standard Version
"Promise me," Israel insisted. So Joseph promised. Then Israel collapsed on his bed.

NET Bible
Jacob said, "Swear to me that you will do so." So Joseph gave him his word. Then Israel bowed down at the head of his bed.

New Heart English Bible
He said, "Swear to me," and he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself, leaning on the top of his staff.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Swear to me," he said. So Joseph swore to him. Then Israel bowed down in prayer with his face at the head of his bed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said: 'Swear unto me.' And he swore unto him. And Israel bowed down upon the bed's head.

New American Standard 1977
And he said, “Swear to me.” So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, Swear unto me. And he swore unto him. Then Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, Swear unto me. And he swore unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the head of the bed.

American King James Version
And he said, Swear to me. And he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself on the bed's head.

American Standard Version
And he said, Swear unto me: and he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said: Swear then to me. And as he was swearing, Israel adored God, turning to the bed's head.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, Swear to me; and he swore to him. And Israel worshipped on the bed's head.

English Revised Version
And he said, Swear unto me: and he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, Swear to me: and he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

World English Bible
He said, "Swear to me," and he swore to him. Israel bowed himself on the bed's head.

Young's Literal Translation
and he saith, 'Swear to me;' and he sweareth to him, and Israel boweth himself on the head of the bed.
Study Bible
Joseph's Leadership in Famine
30but when I lie down with my fathers, you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place." And he said, "I will do as you have said." 31He said, "Swear to me." So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed.
Cross References
Hebrews 11:21
By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph's sons and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

Genesis 21:23
now therefore, swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my offspring or with my posterity, but according to the kindness that I have shown to you, you shall show to me and to the land in which you have sojourned."

Genesis 21:24
Abraham said, "I swear it."

Genesis 24:3
and I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven and the God of earth, that you shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I live,

Genesis 31:53
"The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us." So Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac.

Genesis 50:25
Then Joseph made the sons of Israel swear, saying, "God will surely take care of you, and you shall carry my bones up from here."

1 Kings 1:47
"Moreover, the king's servants came to bless our lord King David, saying, 'May your God make the name of Solomon better than your name and his throne greater than your throne!' And the king bowed himself on the bed.
Treasury of Scripture

And he said, Swear to me. And he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself on the bed's head.

Swear.

Genesis 24:3 And I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the …

And Israel bowed. As {shachah}, which primarily signifies to {bow}, denotes also to {worship}; and as {mittah, a bed} pronounced {matteh} is a {staff}; the LXX. have taken the passage in the latter sense, and rendered it [] `and Israel worshipped upon the top of his staff,' which is literally copied by the apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews. The present reading is, however, supported by the Maoretic pointing and the Targums; and is most probably correct, as it would appear that Jacob was confined to his bed.

Genesis 47:29 And the time drew near that Israel must die: and he called his son …

Genesis 24:26 And the man bowed down his head, and worshipped the LORD.

Genesis 48:1,2 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, …

1 Kings 1:47 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, …

Hebrews 11:21 By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; …

(31) Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.--The LXX., followed by the Epistle to the Hebrews (Genesis 11:21) and the Syriac, read, "on the top of his staff." The word in the Hebrew, without vowels, may mean either bed or staff, and as we have mentioned above (Genesis 22:14), the points indicating the vowels were added in later times, and while valuable as representing a very ancient tradition, are nevertheless not of final authority. The rendering, however, of the Authorised Version is the most satisfactory. It was scarcely worth mentioning that Jacob bowed before Joseph, leaning on his staff; but the picture of the aged patriarch leaning back upon his bed, content and happy in his son's promise, and giving thanks to God for the peace of his approaching end, is one full of pathos and dignity.

Verse 31. - And he (i.e. Jacob) said, Swear unto me (in the manner indicated in ver. 29). And he (i.e. Joseph) sware unto him. And (having concluded this touching and impressive ceremonial) Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head. Though supported by many eminent authorities (Chaldee Pard. phrase, Symmachus, Vulgate, Calvin, Willet, Rosenmüller, Delitzsch, Keil, Kalisch, etc., etc.), the present rendering is not entirely free from difficulty, since not until the next chapter is there any mention of Jacob's sickness; while in favor of the reading, "And Israel bowed himself on the top of his staff" (LXX.), it may be urged

(1) that it is adopted by the writer to the Hebrews (Hebrews 11:21),

(2) that the Hebrew words for staff and bed differ only in the punctuation, and

(3) that the action of leaning on his staff was quite as suitable to Jacob's circumstances as turning over and bowing on his bed's head.



And he said, swear unto me,.... This he required, not from any distrust of Joseph, but to show his own eagerness, and the intenseness of his mind about this thing, how much he was set upon it, and what an important thing it was with him; as also, that if he should have any objections made to it, or arguments used with him to divert him from it, by Pharaoh or his court, he would be able to say his father had bound him by an oath to do it, which would at once stop their mouths, and be judged a sufficient reason for what he did, see Genesis 50:5,

and he sware unto him; not only gave his promise, but confirmed it with an oath:

and Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head: not in a way of civil respect to Joseph, giving him thanks for the assurance he had given him, that he would bury him, not in Egypt, but in Canaan; but in a religious way to God, giving thanks to him that he had lived to see his son Joseph, who, according to the promise, would close his eyes, and that he had inclined his heart to fulfil his request; though some think that no more is meant, than that after Jacob had spent himself in discoursing with Joseph, he sunk down and reclined on his pillow at his bed's head, to take some rest; for as for what the apostle says in Hebrews 11:21; that refers to another thing at another time; See Gill on Hebrews 11:21. 31. Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head—Oriental beds are mere mats, having no head, and the translation should be "the top of his staff," as the apostle renders it (Heb 11:21). 47:27-31 At last the time drew nigh that Israel must die. Israel, a prince with God, had power over the Angel, and prevailed, yet must die. Joseph supplied him with bread, that he might not die by famine, but that did not secure him from dying by age or sickness. He died by degrees; his candle gradually burnt down to the socket, so that he saw the time drawing nigh. It is an advantage to see the approach of death, before we feel it, that we may be quickened to do, with all our might, what our hands find to do. However, death is not far from any of us. Jacob's care, as he saw the day approach, was about his burial; not the pomp of it, but he would be buried in Canaan, because it was the land of promise. It was a type of heaven, that better country, which he declared plainly he expected, Heb 11:14. Nothing will better help to make a death-bed easy, than the certain prospect of rest in the heavenly Canaan after death. When this was done, Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head, worshipping God, as it is explained, see Heb 11:21, giving God thanks for all his favours; in feebleness thus supporting himself, expressing his willingness to leave the world. Even those who lived on Joseph's provision, and Jacob who was so dear to him, must die. But Christ Jesus gives us the true bread, that we may eat and live for ever. To Him let us come and yield ourselves, and when we draw near to death, he who supported us through life, will meet us and assure us of everlasting salvation.
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OT Law: Genesis 47:31 He said Swear to me and he (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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