Genesis 43:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Judah said to him, "The man warned us solemnly, 'You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.'

New Living Translation
But Judah said, "The man was serious when he warned us, 'You won't see my face again unless your brother is with you.'

English Standard Version
But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

New American Standard Bible
Judah spoke to him, however, saying, "The man solemnly warned us, 'You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.'

King James Bible
And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But Judah said to him, "The man specifically warned us: 'You will not see me again unless your brother is with you.'

International Standard Version
But Judah reminded him, "The man distinctly warned us: 'You'll never see my face unless your brother comes with you.'

NET Bible
But Judah said to him, "The man solemnly warned us, 'You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Judah said to him, "The man gave us a severe warning: 'You won't be allowed to see me again unless your brother is with you.'

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Judah spoke unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.

King James 2000 Bible
And Judah spoke unto him, saying, The man did solemnly warn unto us, saying, You shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

American King James Version
And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did solemnly protest to us, saying, You shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

American Standard Version
And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Juda answered: The man declared unto us with the atteststion of an oath, saying: You shall not see my face, unless you bring your youngest brother with you.

Darby Bible Translation
And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did positively testify to us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, unless your brother be with you.

English Revised Version
And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did solemnly protest to us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

World English Bible
Judah spoke to him, saying, "The man solemnly warned us, saying, 'You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.'

Young's Literal Translation
And Judah speaketh unto him, saying, 'The man protesting protested to us, saying, Ye do not see my face without your brother being with you;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

43:1-14 Jacob urges his sons to go and buy a little food; now, in time of dearth, a little must suffice. Judah urges that Benjamin should go with them. It is not against the honour and duty children owe their parents, humbly to advise them, and when needful, to reason with them. Jacob saw the necessity of the case, and yielded. His prudence and justice appeared in three things. 1. He sent back the money they had found in the sack. Honesty obliges us to restore not only that which comes to us by our own fault, but that which comes to us by the mistakes of others. Though we get it by oversight, if we keep it when the oversight is discovered, it is kept by deceit. 2. He sent as much again as they took the time before; the price of corn might be risen, or they might have to pay a ransom for Simeon. 3. He sent a present of such things as the land afforded, and as were scarce in Egypt, balm, and honey, &c. Providence dispenses not its gifts to all alike. But honey and spice will never make up the want of bread-corn. The famine was sore in Canaan, yet they had balm and myrrh, &c. We may live well enough upon plain food, without dainties; but we cannot live upon dainties without plain food. Let us thank God that what is most needful and useful, generally is most cheap and common. Though men value very highly their gold and silver, and the luxuries which are counted the best fruits of every land, yet in a time of famine they willingly barter them for bread. And how little will earthly good things stand us in stead in the day of wrath! How ready should we be to renounce them all, as loss, for the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus Christ! Our way to prevail with man is by first prevailing with the Lord in fervent prayer. But, Thy will be done, should close every petition for the mercies of this life, or against the afflictions of this life.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - And Judah spake unto him, saying, - Judah now becomes the spokesman, either because Reuben's entreaty had been rejected, and Levi, who followed Reuben and Simeon in respect of age, had forfeited his father's confidence though his treachery to the Shechemites (Keil, Murphy); or because he could speak to his father with greater freedom, having a freer conscience than the rest (Lange); or because he was a man possessed of greater prudence and ability than the rest (Lawson), if indeed the suggestion is not correct that they all endeavored to persuade their father, though Judah's eloquence alone is recorded (Calvin) - the man (i4 e. the Egyptian viceroy) did solemnly protest (literally, protesting did protest, i.e. did earnestly protest) unto us, saying, - with an oath which is not here repeated (Genesis 42:15) - Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Judah spake unto him,.... Reuben the eldest son had met with a repulse already, Genesis 42:36; Simeon the next was now in Egypt, Genesis 42:24, and Levi, perhaps on account of the affair of Shechem, Genesis 34:25, did not yet stand well in his father's favour and affection; wherefore Judah being next, with the consent of his brethren, undertakes to manage the affair with him, who had doubtless an interest in him, as well as authority among his brethren, and was a prudent man, and could speak well:

saying, the man did solemnly protest unto us; meaning Joseph, though he then knew not that it was he; whom he calls "the man", not by way of contempt, or as thinking and speaking meanly of him, but the reverse, the great man, the honourable man, the governor of Egypt; and so the Septuagint version adds, "the man, the lord of the land"; he in the strongest terms, and in the most solemn manner, protested by the life of Pharaoh:

saying, ye shall not see my face; with acceptance, should not be admitted to come near him, or treat with him, and purchase any corn of him:

except your brother be with you; their youngest brother Benjamin.



Genesis 43:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Return to Egypt with Benjamin
2So it came about when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, "Go back, buy us a little food." 3Judah spoke to him, however, saying, "The man solemnly warned us, 'You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.' 4"If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.…
Cross References
Genesis 43:2
So when they had eaten all the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, "Go back and buy us a little more food."

Genesis 43:4
If you will send our brother along with us, we will go down and buy food for you.

Genesis 43:5
But if you will not send him, we will not go down, because the man said to us, 'You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.'"

Genesis 44:23
But you told your servants, 'Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you will not see my face again.'

2 Samuel 3:13
"Good," said David. "I will make an agreement with you. But I demand one thing of you: Do not come into my presence unless you bring Michal daughter of Saul when you come to see me."
Treasury of Scripture

And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did solemnly protest to us, saying, You shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

man.

Genesis 42:15-20,33,34 Hereby you shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you shall not …

Genesis 44:23 And you said to your servants, Except your youngest brother come …

did solemnly protest. Heb. protesting, protested.

Acts 7:34 I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my people which is in …

see my face.

Genesis 43:5 But if you will not send him, we will not go down: for the man said …

2 Samuel 3:13 And he said, Well; I will make a league with you: but one thing I …

2 Samuel 14:24,28,32 And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not …

Acts 20:25,38 And now, behold, I know that you all, among whom I have gone preaching …

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