Exodus 3:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob." At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

New Living Translation
I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." When Moses heard this, he covered his face because he was afraid to look at God.

English Standard Version
And he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

New American Standard Bible
He said also, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

King James Bible
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He continued, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face because he was afraid to look at God.

International Standard Version
Then he said, "I am the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

NET Bible
He added, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Then Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I am the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." Moses hid his face because he was afraid to look at God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Then Moses covered his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

American King James Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look on God.

American Standard Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said: I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Moses hid his face: for he durst not look at God.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

English Revised Version
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face: for he was afraid to look upon God.

World English Bible
Moreover he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look at God.

Young's Literal Translation
He saith also, 'I am the God of thy father, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob;' and Moses hideth his face, for he is afraid to look towards God.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-6 The years of the life of Moses are divided into three forties; the first forty he spent as a prince in Pharaoh's court, the second as a shepherd in Midian, the third as a king in Jeshurun. How changeable is the life of man! The first appearance of God to Moses, found him tending sheep. This seems a poor employment for a man of his parts and education, yet he rests satisfied with it; and thus learns meekness and contentment, for which he is more noted in sacred writ, than for all his learning. Satan loves to find us idle; God is pleased when he finds us employed. Being alone, is a good friend to our communion with God. To his great surprise, Moses saw a bush burning without fire to kindle it. The bush burned, and yet did not burn away; an emblem of the church in bondage in Egypt. And it fitly reminds us of the church in every age, under its severest persecutions kept by the presence of God from being destroyed. Fire is an emblem, in Scripture, of the Divine holiness and justice, also of the afflictions and trials with which God proves and purifies his people, and even of that baptism of the Holy Ghost, by which sinful affections are consumed, and the soul changed into the Divine nature and image. God gave Moses a gracious call, to which he returned a ready answer. Those that would have communion with God, must attend upon him in the ordinances wherein he is pleased to manifest himself and his glory, though it be in a bush. Putting off the shoe was a token of respect and submission. We ought to draw nigh to God with a solemn pause and preparation, carefully avoiding every thing that looks light and rude, and unbecoming his service. God does not say, I was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, but I am. The patriarchs still live, so many years after their bodies have been in the grave. No length of time can separate the souls of the just from their Maker. By this, God instructed Moses as to another world, and strengthened his belief of a future state. Thus it is interpreted by our Lord Jesus, who, from hence, proves that the dead are raised, Lu 20:37. Moses hid his face, as if both ashamed and afraid to look upon God. The more we see of God, and his grace, and covenant love, the more cause we shall see to worship him with reverence and godly fear.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Moreover he said, I am the God of thy fathers,.... Of every one of his fathers next mentioned:

the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; with whom the covenant respecting the land of Canaan, and the promise of the blessed seed the Messiah, was made: this again shows that the Angel of the Lord that now appeared was God himself, Jehovah the Son of God. Our Lord makes use of this text to prove the resurrection of the dead against the Sadducees, God being not the God of the dead, but of the living; Mark 12:26.

and Moses hid his face; wrapped it in his mantle or cloak, as Elijah did, 1 Kings 19:13, because of the glory of the divine Majesty now present, and conscious of his own sinfulness and unworthiness:

for he was afraid to look upon God; even upon this outward appearance and representation of him in a flame of fire; otherwise the essence of God is not to be looked upon and seen at all, God is invisible; but even this external token and symbol of him was terrible to behold; the thought that God was there filled him with fear, considering the greatness and awfulness of his majesty, and what a poor, weak, and sinful creature he was.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6-8. I am the God … come down to deliver—The reverential awe of Moses must have been relieved by the divine Speaker (see Mt 22:32), announcing Himself in His covenant character, and by the welcome intelligence communicated. Moreover, the time, as well as all the circumstances of this miraculous appearance, were such as to give him an illustrious display of God's faithfulness to His promises. The period of Israel's journey and affliction in Egypt had been predicted (Ge 15:13), and it was during the last year of the term which had still to run that the Lord appeared in the burning bush.

Exodus 3:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Moses at the Burning Bush
5Then He said, "Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground." 6He said also, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God. 7The LORD said, "I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings.…
Cross References
Matthew 22:32
I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is not the God of the dead but of the living."

Mark 12:26
Now about the dead rising--have you not read in the Book of Moses, in the account of the burning bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?

Luke 20:37
But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord 'the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'

Acts 7:32
I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.' Moses trembled with fear and did not dare to look.

Hebrews 11:16
Instead, they were longing for a better country--a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared a city for them.

Revelation 1:17
When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. Then he placed his right hand on me and said: "Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last.

Genesis 24:12
Then he prayed, "LORD, God of my master Abraham, make me successful today, and show kindness to my master Abraham.

Genesis 26:24
That night the LORD appeared to him and said, "I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you; I will bless you and will increase the number of your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham."

Genesis 28:13
There above it stood the LORD, and he said: "I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying.

Exodus 3:15
God also said to Moses, "Say to the Israelites, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has sent me to you.' "This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation.

Exodus 3:16
"Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob--appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt.

Exodus 4:5
"This," said the LORD, "is so that they may believe that the LORD, the God of their fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has appeared to you."

Exodus 15:2
"The LORD is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation. He is my God, and I will praise him, my father's God, and I will exalt him.

Judges 13:22
"We are doomed to die!" he said to his wife. "We have seen God!"

1 Kings 18:36
At the time of sacrifice, the prophet Elijah stepped forward and prayed: "LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, let it be known today that you are God in Israel and that I am your servant and have done all these things at your command.

1 Kings 19:13
When Elijah heard it, he pulled his cloak over his face and went out and stood at the mouth of the cave. Then a voice said to him, "What are you doing here, Elijah?"
Treasury of Scripture

Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look on God.

I am.

Exodus 3:14,15 And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall you …

Exodus 4:5 That they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God …

Exodus 29:45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

Genesis 12:1,7 Now the LORD had said to Abram, Get you out of your country, and …

Genesis 17:7,8 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed …

Genesis 26:24 And the LORD appeared to him the same night, and said, I am the God …

Genesis 28:13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God …

Genesis 31:42 Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of …

Genesis 32:9 And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father …

1 Kings 18:36 And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, …

Psalm 132:2 How he swore to the LORD, and vowed to the mighty God of Jacob;

Jeremiah 24:7 And I will give them an heart to know me, that I am the LORD: and …

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of …

Jeremiah 32:38 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God:

Zechariah 8:8 And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the middle of Jerusalem: …

Ezekiel 11:20 That they may walk in my statutes, and keep my ordinances, and do …

Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? …

Mark 12:26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have you not read in the …

Luke 20:37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when …

Acts 7:32,32 Saying, I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, and the …

thy father. Though the word {avicha,} thy father, is here used in the singular, yet St. Stephen, quoting this passage uses the plural, the God of thy fathers; and that this is the meaning, the following words prove. This reading is confirmed by the Samaritan and Coptic.

hid.

Genesis 17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

Judges 13:22 And Manoah said to his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

1 Kings 19:13 And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in …

Nehemiah 9:9 And did see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heard their …

Job 42:5,6 I have heard of you by the hearing of the ear: but now my eye sees you…

Psalm 106:44,45 Nevertheless he regarded their affliction, when he heard their cry…

Isaiah 6:1-5 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the LORD sitting on …

Daniel 10:7,8 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me …

Matthew 17:6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.

Luke 5:8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart …

Acts 7:34 I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my people which is in …

Hebrews 12:21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right …

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