Exodus 13:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
After leaving Sukkoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.

New Living Translation
The Israelites left Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

English Standard Version
And they moved on from Succoth and encamped at Etham, on the edge of the wilderness.

New American Standard Bible
Then they set out from Succoth and camped in Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

King James Bible
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Christian Standard Bible
They set out from Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

Contemporary English Version
The people of Israel left Succoth and camped at Etham at the border of Egypt near the desert.

Good News Translation
The Israelites left Sukkoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They set out from Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

International Standard Version
They left Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the desert.

NET Bible
They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert.

New Heart English Bible
They took their journey from Succoth, and camped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They moved from Succoth and camped at Etham, on the edge of the desert.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

New American Standard 1977
Then they set out from Succoth and camped in Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they took their journey from Succoth and encamped in Etham in the edge of the wilderness.

King James 2000 Bible
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

American King James Version
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

American Standard Version
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And marching from Socoth they encamped in Etham in the utmost coasts of the wilderness.

Darby Bible Translation
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, at the end of the wilderness.

English Revised Version
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

World English Bible
They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Young's Literal Translation
And they journey from Succoth, and encamp in Etham at the extremity of the wilderness,
Study Bible
The Pillars of Cloud and Fire
19Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had made the sons of Israel solemnly swear, saying, "God will surely take care of you, and you shall carry my bones from here with you." 20Then they set out from Succoth and camped in Etham on the edge of the wilderness. 21The LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:37
Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

Numbers 33:6
They journeyed from Succoth and camped in Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.
Treasury of Scripture

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Numbers 33:5,6 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth…

THE JOURNEY RESUMED.

(20) They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham.--The exact positions of both Succoth and Etham are uncertain, and can only be conjectured; but they probably lay to the southeast of Tanis, between that city and the Bitter Lakes. Succoth may have been at or near Tel Dafneh, about fifteen miles from Tanis, and Etham near the modern Ismailia, on the verge of the desert. Dr. Brugsch's identification of Etham with the Egyptian Khetam is highly improbable, since the Hebrew aleph never replaces the Egyptian kh, which is a very strong guttural. E-tham would mean "the house of Turn," and point to a temple of the Sun-god, who was specially worshipped in the Eastern Delta, at Heliopolis, Patumus, and elsewhere.

Verse 20. - And they took their journey from Succoth and encamped in Etham. On the probable position of Etham, see the "Introduction" to this book. The word probably means "House of Turn," and implies the existence at the place of a temple of the Sun-God, who was commonly worshipped as Tuna or Atum. The name, therefore, is nearly equivalent to Pithom (Exodus 1:11), which means "City of Turn;" but it is not likely that Moses designated the same place by two distinct appellations. The site of Etham, moreover, does not agree with that of the Patumos of Herodotus (2:158), which is generally allowed to be Pithom.

CHAPTER 13:21, 22 And they took their journey from Succoth,.... On the second day, as Jarchi observes, from their coming out of Egypt, which was the sixteenth of Nisan:

and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness which had its name from it, and was called the wilderness of Etham, Numbers 33:8. Etham is said to be eight miles from Succoth (s). Josephus (t) calls Succoth Latopolis, which had its name from the fish Latus, formerly worshipped them, where, he says, Babylon was built when Cambyses destroyed Egypt, and is thought by many (u) to be the same with Troglodytis, by the Red sea; and Etham is supposed to be the Buto of Herodotus (w), where were the temple of Apollo and Diana, and the oracle of Latona.

(s) Bunting's Travels, p. 81. (t) Antiqu. l. 2. c. 15. sect. 1.((u) See the Universal History, vol. 3. p. 387. (w) Enterpe, sive, l. 2. c. 59, 63, 83, 155. 20. encamped in Etham—This place is supposed by the most intelligent travellers to be the modern Ajrud, where is a watering-place, and which is the third stage of the pilgrim-caravans to Mecca. "It is remarkable that either of the different routes eastward from Heliopolis, or southward from Heroopolis, equally admit of Ajrud being Etham. It is twelve miles northwest from Suez, and is literally on the edge of the desert" [Pictorial Bible].13:17-20 There were two ways from Egypt to Canaan. One was only a few days' journey; the other was much further about, through the wilderness, and that was the way in which God chose to lead his people Israel. The Egyptians were to be drowned in the Red sea; the Israelites were to be humbled and proved in the wilderness. God's way is the right way, though it seems about. If we think he leads not his people the nearest way, yet we may be sure he leads them the best way, and so it will appear when we come to our journey's end. The Philistines were powerful enemies; it was needful that the Israelites should be prepared for the wars of Canaan, by passing through the difficulties of the wilderness. Thus God proportions his people's trials to their strength, 1Co 10:13. They went up in good order. They went up in five in a rank, some; in five bands, so others, which it seems rather to their faith and hope, that God would bring them to Canaan, in expectation of which they carried these bones with them while in the desert.
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