Ephesians 5:32
Parallel Verses
New International Version
This is a profound mystery--but I am talking about Christ and the church.

New Living Translation
This is a great mystery, but it is an illustration of the way Christ and the church are one.

English Standard Version
This mystery is profound, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church.

New American Standard Bible
This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.

King James Bible
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This mystery is profound, but I am talking about Christ and the church.

International Standard Version
This is a great secret, but I am talking about the Messiah and the church.

NET Bible
This mystery is great--but I am actually speaking with reference to Christ and the church.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
This is a great mystery, but I am speaking about The Messiah and about his church.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is a great mystery. (I'm talking about Christ's relationship to the church.)

Jubilee Bible 2000
This is a great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones}.

King James 2000 Bible
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

American King James Version
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

American Standard Version
This mystery is great: but I speak in regard of Christ and of the church.

Douay-Rheims Bible
This is a great sacrament; but I speak in Christ and in the church.

Darby Bible Translation
This mystery is great, but *I* speak as to Christ, and as to the assembly.

English Revised Version
This mystery is great: but I speak in regard of Christ and of the church.

Webster's Bible Translation
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Weymouth New Testament
That is a great truth hitherto kept secret: I mean the truth concerning Christ and the Church.

World English Bible
This mystery is great, but I speak concerning Christ and of the assembly.

Young's Literal Translation
this secret is great, and I speak in regard to Christ and to the assembly;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:22-33 The duty of wives is, submission to their husbands in the Lord, which includes honouring and obeying them, from a principle of love to them. The duty of husbands is to love their wives. The love of Christ to the church is an example, which is sincere, pure, and constant, notwithstanding her failures. Christ gave himself for the church, that he might sanctify it in this world, and glorify it in the next, that he might bestow on all his members a principle of holiness, and deliver them from the guilt, the pollution, and the dominion of sin, by those influences of the Holy Spirit, of which baptismal water was the outward sign. The church and believers will not be without spot or wrinkle till they come to glory. But those only who are sanctified now, shall be glorified hereafter. The words of Adam, mentioned by the apostle, are spoken literally of marriage; but they have also a hidden sense in them, relating to the union between Christ and his church. It was a kind of type, as having resemblance. There will be failures and defects on both sides, in the present state of human nature, yet this does not alter the relation. All the duties of marriage are included in unity and love. And while we adore and rejoice in the condescending love of Christ, let husbands and wives learn hence their duties to each other. Thus the worst evils would be prevented, and many painful effects would be avoided.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 32. - This mystery is a great one; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the Church. The matter referred to is the typical relation between the marriage of man and wife, and the union of Christ and the Church. It is called a mystery, and it is not said, as is said of another mystery, referred to before (Ephesians 3:5), that it has been completely explained. Some light has been thrown upon it, but that is all. It is implied that there is something of mystery in many of the relations between things natural and things spiritual, but that in the depth and grandeur of the subject, the mystery connected with the marriage relation is pre-eminent - it is "a great mystery" The analogy of the wind to the Holy Spirit; the springing up of plants to the resurrection; the melancholy sounds of nature to the prevalence of sin; and many other analogies, present vague shadows of truth, the clear, full forms of which we cannot see. When the day breaks and "the shadows flee away," such things will appear in a clearer light.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

This is a great mystery,.... It has something mysterious in it; it is a figure and emblem of the mysterious union between Christ and his people: for so it follows,

but I speak concerning Christ and the church; or mention this law and institution of marriage, with respect to them; for the leaving of father and mother prefigured Christ's coming forth from the Father, and coming into this world in human nature, and his disregard to his earthly parents, in comparison with his people, and his service for them; the man cleaving to the wife very aptly expresses the strong affection of Christ to his church, and the near communion there is between them; and their being one flesh denotes the union of them; and indeed, the marriage of Adam and Eve was a type of Christ and his church; for in this the first Adam was a figure of him that was to come, as well as in being a federal head to his posterity: Adam was before Eve, so Christ was before his church; God thought it not proper that man should be alone, so neither Christ, but that he should have some fellows and companions with him: the formation of Eve from Adam was typical of the church's production from Christ; she was made of him while he was asleep, which sleep was from the Lord, and it was not an ordinary one; which may resemble the sufferings and death of Christ, which were from the Lord, and were not common; and which are the redemption of his church and people; and which secure their comfort and happiness, and wellbeing: she was taken out of his side, and built up a woman of one of his ribs; both the justification and sanctification of the church are from Christ, from the water and the blood which issued out of his side, when on the cross: the bringing and presentation of Eve to Adam has its mystery; it was God that brought her to him; and she was the same that was made out of him; and to the same Adam was she brought of whose rib she was made, and that not against her will: so it is God that draws souls to Christ, and espouses them to him, even the same that he has chosen in him, and Christ has redeemed by his blood; and to the same are they brought, who was wounded for their transgressions, and bruised for their sins; and they are made willing in the day of his power upon them, to come and give themselves to him. Adam's consent and acknowledgment of Eve to be his wife, shadow forth Christ's hearty reception and acknowledgment of the saints, as being of him, and his, when they are brought unto him under the influences of his grace and Spirit.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

32. Rather, "This mystery is a great one." This profound truth, beyond man's power of discovering, but now revealed, namely, of the spiritual union of Christ and the Church, represented by the marriage union, is a great one, of deep import. See on [2373]Eph 5:30. So "mystery" is used of a divine truth not to be discovered save by revelation of God (Ro 11:25; 1Co 15:51). The Vulgate wrongly translates, "This is a great sacrament," which is made the plea by the Romish Church (in spite of the blunder having been long ago exposed by their own commentators, Cajetan and Estius) for making marriage a sacrament; it is plain not marriage in general, but that of Christ and the Church, is what is pronounced to be a "great mystery," as the words following prove, "I [emphatic] say it in regard to Christ and to the Church" (so the Greek is best translated). "I, while I quote these words out of Scripture, use them in a higher sense" [Conybeare and Howson].

Ephesians 5:32 Additional Commentaries
Context
Wives and Husbands
31FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER AND SHALL BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH. 32This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church. 33Nevertheless, each individual among you also is to love his own wife even as himself, and the wife must see to it that she respects her husband.
Cross References
Ephesians 5:31
"For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh."

Ephesians 5:33
However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.

Revelation 19:7
Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready.
Treasury of Scripture

This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

a great.

Ephesians 6:19 And for me, that utterance may be given to me, that I may open my …

Colossians 2:2 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, …

1 Timothy 3:8,16 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given …

speak.

Psalm 45:9-17 Kings' daughters were among your honorable women: on your right hand …

Songs 1:1-8:14 The song of songs, which is Solomon's…

Isaiah 54:5 For your Maker is your husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and …

Isaiah 62:4,5 You shall no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall your land any …

John 3:29 He that has the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, …

2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused …

Revelation 19:7,8 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him: for the marriage …

Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God …

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