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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

foul (raphas; akdthartos):

The verb "to foul" (defile) occurs as the translation of raphas, "to trample" or "muddle" (streams) (Ezekiel 32:2; Ezekiel 34:18); of chalmar, "to burn," "to be red" (Job 16:16, "My face is foul with weeping," the American Standard Revised Version and the English Revised Version, margin "red"); of mirpas, "a treading" (Ezekiel 34:19). The adjective is the translation of akathartos, "unclean," "impure," "wicked" (Mark 9:25 Revelation 18:2, "foul spirit," the Revised Version (British and American) "unclean"), and of cheimon, "winter," "stormy or foul weather" (Matthew 16:3). the Revised Version (British and American) has "The rivers shall become foul" (Isaiah 19:6) instead of the King James Version "They shall turn the rivers far away," the English Revised Version "The rivers shall stink."

W. L. Walker

169. akathartos -- unclean, impure
... prefix) and kathairo Definition unclean, impure NASB Word Usage impure person
(1), unclean (29), unclean things (1). foul, unclean. ...
// - 7k

5494. cheimon -- winter, a storm
... Word Origin from the same as cheimazo Definition winter, a storm NASB Word
Usage storm (2), winter (4). tempest, foul weather, winter. ...
// - 6k

3393. miasma -- a stain, defilement
... 20). See 3392 (). Word Origin from miaino Definition a stain, defilement
NASB Word Usage defilements (1). pollution, foul deed. From ...
// - 6k

946. bdelugma -- a detestable thing
... 946 (from 948 , derived from , "to reek with stench") -- properly, what emits a
foul odor and hence is (); (figuratively) as a (like when people refuse to hear ...
// - 7k

4508. rhuparos -- filthy
... dirty. Cognate: 4508 (an adjective, derived from 4509 , "moral filth") --
filthy, foul (used only in Js 2:2). See 4509 (). Word ...
// - 6k

948. bdelussomai -- to detest
... Cognate: 948 -- properly, stink, become foul (abhorrent), detestable as ; "to strongly
detest something on the basis that it is abominable -- 'to abhor, to ...
// - 6k

148. aischrologia -- abusive language
... Noun, Feminine Transliteration: aischrologia Phonetic Spelling: (ahee-skhrol-og-
ee'-ah) Short Definition: filthy speech Definition: filthy speech, foul language ...
// - 6k

3435. moluno -- to stain, defile
... a person with its spiritual . For the antonym of this term, see 2511
("to what is foul or polluted"). [3435 used of "moral soil ...
// - 7k

496. antipipto -- to fall against, strive against
... to fall against, strive against. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: antipipto
Phonetic Spelling: (an-tee-pip'-to) Short Definition: I fall foul of, resist ...
// - 7k

5337. phaulos -- worthless, bad
... evil. Apparently a primary word; "foul" or "flawy", ie (figuratively) wicked --
evil. (phaula) -- 2 Occurrences. (phaulon) -- 4 Occurrences. 5336, 5337. ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
7515. raphas -- foul, trouble
... raphas. 7516 . foul, trouble. Transliteration: raphas Phonetic Spelling:
(raw-fas') Short Definition: foul. Word Origin the same as raphas, qv. foul, trouble ...
/hebrew/7515.htm - 5k

2092. zaham -- to be foul, loathsome
... 2091, 2092. zaham. 2093 . to be foul, loathsome. Transliteration: zaham Phonetic
Spelling: (zaw-ham') Short Definition: loathes. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/2092.htm - 5k

6292. piggul -- foul thing, refuse
... 6291, 6292. piggul. 6293 . foul thing, refuse. Transliteration: piggul
Phonetic Spelling: (pig-gool') Short Definition: offense. ...
/hebrew/6292.htm - 6k

887. baash -- to have a bad smell, to stink
... 886, 887. baash. 888 . to have a bad smell, to stink. Transliteration: baash
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-ash') Short Definition: foul. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/887.htm - 6k

7511. raphas -- to stamp, tread
... raphas or raphas. 7512 . to stamp, tread. Transliteration: raphas or raphas Phonetic
Spelling: (raw-fas') Short Definition: foul. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/7511.htm - 6k

4833. marpes -- (water) befouled
... 4832, 4833. marpes. 4834 . (water) befouled. Transliteration: marpes
Phonetic Spelling: (meer-paws') Short Definition: foul. Word ...
/hebrew/4833.htm - 6k

5122. nevalu -- a refuse heap
... dunghill. (Aramaic) or nvaliy (Aramaic) {nev-aw-lee'}; from an unused root probably
meaning to be foul; a sink -- dunghill. 5121, 5122. ...
/hebrew/5122.htm - 6k

6709. tsachanah -- a stench
... Word Origin from an unused word Definition a stench NASB Word Usage foul smell
(1). ill savour. From an unused root meaning to putrefy; stench -- ill savour. ...
/hebrew/6709.htm - 5k

2930. tame -- to be or become unclean
... A primitive root; to be foul, especially in a ceremial or moral sense (contaminated) --
defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean ...
/hebrew/2930.htm - 6k

2931. tame -- unclean
... defiled, infamous, polluted, unclean. From tame'; foul in a relig. Sense -- defiled, +
infamous, polluted(-tion), unclean. see HEBREW tame'. 2930, 2931. ...
/hebrew/2931.htm - 6k


But Perhaps this Foul Pollution May be Less Apparent in the Rest. ...
... Book IV. 21 But perhaps this foul pollution may be less apparent in the rest.� But
perhaps this foul pollution may be less apparent in the rest. ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/21 but perhaps this foul.htm

! is that Foul Smell...
... Book VII. 16 What say you, O you " ! is that foul smell� What say you,
O you"! is that foul smell, then, which is given forth ...
/.../arnobius/the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/16 what say you o.htm

What Then was this Feeling? for of a Truth it was Too Foul...
... Book II Chapter IX What then was this feeling? For of a truth it was too foul...
For of a truth it was too foul: and woe was me, who had it. ...
/.../augustine/the confessions of saint augustine/chapter ix what then was.htm

Who Can Disentangle that Twisted and Intricate Knottiness? Foul is ...
... Book II Chapter X Who can disentangle that twisted and intricate knottiness?
Foul is it� ... Foul is it: I hate to think on it, to look on it. ...
/.../augustine/the confessions of saint augustine/chapter x who can disentangle.htm

Deluded by an Insane Love, He, Though Foul and Dishonourable ...
... Book III. Chapter I."Deluded by an Insane Love, He, Though Foul and
Dishonourable, Desires to Be Thought Elegant and Urbane. 1 ...
/.../augustine/the confessions and letters of st/chapter i deluded by an insane.htm

The Bible the Great Civilizer
... For thoughts are the food of a man's mind; and as the mind feeds, so will it grow.
If it feeds on coarse and foul food, coarse and foul it will grow. ...
/.../kingsley/the gospel of the pentateuch/sermon viii the bible the.htm

Morning Hymn
... Fraud and Deceit love only night, Their wiles they practise out of sight; Curtained
by dark, Adultery too Doth his foul treachery pursue,. ...
// hymns of prudentius/ii morning hymn.htm

Songs from 'the Water-Babies'
... Dank and foul, dank and foul, By the smoky town in its murky cowl; Foul and dank,
foul and dank, By wharf and sewer and slimy bank; Darker and darker the ...
/.../kingsley/andromeda and other poems/songs from the water-babies.htm

A Clean Tongue.
... If the tongue is foul, he knows that there is inward mischief, and he must lose
no time in cleansing that of which the tongue is but an indicator. ...
// bread/xix a clean tongue.htm

Of Three Means in the which a Contemplative Prentice Should be ...
... And right as thou seest that if a foul spot be in thy bodily visage, the eyes of
the same visage may not see that spot nor wit where it is, without a mirror or ...
/.../anonymous/the cloud of unknowing/here beginneth the five and 2.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A bird.

2. (superl.) Covered with, or containing, extraneous matter which is injurious, noxious, offensive, or obstructive; filthy; dirty; not clean; polluted; nasty; defiled; as, a foul cloth; foul hands; a foul chimney; foul air; a ship's bottom is foul when overgrown with barnacles; a gun becomes foul from repeated firing; a well is foul with polluted water.

3. (superl.) Scurrilous; obscene or profane; abusive; as, foul words; foul language.

4. (superl.) Hateful; detestable; shameful; odious; wretched.

5. (superl.) Loathsome; disgusting; as, a foul disease.

6. (superl.) Ugly; homely; poor.

7. (superl.) Not favorable; unpropitious; not fair or advantageous; as, a foul wind; a foul road; cloudy or rainy; stormy; not fair; -- said of the weather, sky, etc.

8. (superl.) Not conformed to the established rules and customs of a game, conflict, test, etc.; unfair; dishonest; dishonorable; cheating; as, foul play.

9. (superl.) Having freedom of motion interfered with by collision or entanglement; entangled; -- opposed to clear; as, a rope or cable may get foul while paying it out.

10. (v. t.) To make filthy; to defile; to daub; to dirty; to soil; as, to foul the face or hands with mire.

11. (v. t.) To incrust (the bore of a gun) with burnt powder in the process of firing.

12. (v. t.) To cover (a ship's bottom) with anything that impeded its sailing; as, a bottom fouled with barnacles.

13. (v. t.) To entangle, so as to impede motion; as, to foul a rope or cable in paying it out; to come into collision with; as, one boat fouled the other in a race.

14. (v. i.) To become clogged with burnt powder in the process of firing, as a gun.

15. (v. i.) To become entangled, as ropes; to come into collision with something; as, the two boats fouled.

16. (n.) An entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race.

17. (n.) See Foul ball, under Foul, a.

Foul (41 Occurrences)
... extraneous matter which is injurious, noxious, offensive, or obstructive; filthy;
dirty; not clean; polluted; nasty; defiled; as, a foul cloth; foul hands; a ...
/f/foul.htm - 21k

Foul-mouthed (1 Occurrence)
Foul-mouthed. Fouledst, Foul-mouthed. Foulness . Noah Webster's Dictionary ...
Multi-Version Concordance Foul-mouthed (1 Occurrence). ...
/f/foul-mouthed.htm - 6k

Possessed (100 Occurrences)
... RSV NIV). Mark 3:30 This was because they said, "He is possessed by a foul
spirit." (WEY). Mark 5:2 At once, on His landing, there ...
/p/possessed.htm - 37k

Dirt (9 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) Any foul of filthy substance, as excrement, mud, dust, etc.; whatever, adhering
to anything, renders it foul or unclean; earth; as, a wagonload of dirt ...
/d/dirt.htm - 9k

Cured (62 Occurrences)
... Luke 6:18 and those who were tormented by foul spirits were cured. ... But Jesus rebuked
the foul spirit, and cured the youth and gave him back to his father. ...
/c/cured.htm - 23k

Weather (5 Occurrences)
... And in the morning, It will be foul weather to-day: for the heaven is red and lowering"
(Matthew 16:2, 3). The general conditions of the weather in the ...
/w/weather.htm - 10k

Foulness (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) The quality or condition of being foul.
Multi-Version Concordance Foulness (1 Occurrence). Ezekiel ...
/f/foulness.htm - 6k

Filth (21 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (n.) Foul matter; anything that soils or defiles;
dirt; nastiness. 2. (n.) Anything that sullies or ...
/f/filth.htm - 17k

Filthy (22 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (superl.) Defiled with filth, whether material or
moral; nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impure; obscene. Int. ...
/f/filthy.htm - 16k

Roams (3 Occurrences)
... Matthew 12:43 "No sooner however has the foul spirit gone out of the man, then he
roams about in places where there is no water, seeking rest but finding none. ...
/r/roams.htm - 7k

Bible Concordance
Foul (41 Occurrences)

Matthew 10:1 Then He called to Him His twelve disciples and gave them authority over foul spirits, to drive them out; and to cure every kind of disease and infirmity.

Matthew 12:43 "No sooner however has the foul spirit gone out of the man, then he roams about in places where there is no water, seeking rest but finding none.

Matthew 16:3 In the morning,'It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.' Hypocrites! You know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but you can't discern the signs of the times!

Mark 1:23 when all at once, there in their synagogue, a man under the power of a foul spirit screamed out:

Mark 1:26 So the foul spirit, after throwing the man into convulsions, came out of him with a loud cry.

Mark 1:27 And all were amazed and awe-struck, so they began to ask one another, "What does this mean? Here is a new sort of teaching--and a tone of authority! And even to foul spirits he issues orders and they obey him!"

Mark 3:11 And the foul spirits, whenever they saw Him, threw themselves down at His feet, screaming out: "You are the Son of God."

Mark 5:2 At once, on His landing, there came from the tombs to meet Him a man possessed by a foul spirit.

Mark 5:8 For He had said to him, "Foul spirit, come out of the man."

Mark 5:13 He gave them leave; and the foul spirits came out and entered into the swine, and the herd--about 2,000 in number--rushed headlong down the cliff into the Lake and were drowned in the Lake.

Mark 6:7 Then summoning the Twelve to Him, He proceeded to send them out by twos, and gave them authority over the foul spirits.

Mark 7:25 Forthwith a woman whose little daughter was possessed by a foul spirit heard of Him, and came and flung herself at His feet.

Mark 9:25 When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come out of him, and enter no more into him.

Luke 4:33 But in the synagogue there was a man possessed by the spirit of a foul demon. In a loud voice he cried out,

Luke 4:36 All were astonished and awe-struck; and they asked one another, "What sort of language is this? For with authority and real power He gives orders to the foul spirits and they come out."

Luke 6:18 and those who were tormented by foul spirits were cured.

Luke 8:29 For already He had been commanding the foul spirit to come out of the man. For many a time it had seized and held him, and they had repeatedly put him in chains and fetters and kept guard over him, but he used to break the chains to pieces, and, impelled by the demon, to escape into the Desert.

Luke 9:42 Now while the youth was coming, the spirit dashed him to the ground and cruelly convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the foul spirit, and cured the youth and gave him back to his father.

Luke 11:24 "When a foul spirit has left a man, it roams about in the Desert, seeking a resting-place; but, unable to find any, it says, 'I will return to the house I have left;"

John 11:39 "Take away the stone," said Jesus. Martha, the sister of the dead man, exclaimed, "Master, by this time there is a foul smell; for it is three days since he died."

Acts 5:16 The inhabitants, too, of the towns in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem came in crowds, bringing sick persons and some who were harassed by foul spirits, and they were cured, one and all.

Acts 8:7 For, with a loud cry, foul spirits came out of many possessed by them, and many paralytics and lame persons were restored to health.

Colossians 3:8 But now you must rid yourselves of every kind of sin--angry and passionate outbreaks, ill-will, evil speaking, foul-mouthed abuse--so that these may never soil your lips.

Revelation 16:2 The first went, and poured out his bowl into the earth, and it became a harmful and evil sore on the people who had the mark of the beast, and who worshiped his image.
(See RSV)

Revelation 16:13 Then I saw three foul spirits, resembling frogs, issue from the mouth of the Dragon, from the mouth of the Wild Beast, and from the mouth of the false Prophet.

Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

Exodus 7:18 The fish that are in the river shall die, and the river shall become foul; and the Egyptians shall loathe to drink water from the river."'"

Exodus 7:21 The fish that were in the river died; and the river became foul, and the Egyptians couldn't drink water from the river; and the blood was throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:14 They gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank.
(See NAS)

Exodus 16:20 Notwithstanding they didn't listen to Moses, but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and became foul: and Moses was angry with them.

Exodus 16:24 They laid it up until the morning, as Moses asked, and it didn't become foul, neither was there any worm in it.

Job 16:16 My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;

Job 31:40 let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.
(See RSV)

Psalms 38:5 My wounds are loathsome and corrupt, because of my foolishness.

Isaiah 19:6 The rivers will become foul. The streams of Egypt will be diminished and dried up. The reeds and flags will wither away.

Isaiah 50:2 Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? Behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stink, because there is no water, and die for thirst.
(See JPS)

Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord Yahweh! behold, my soul has not been polluted; for from my youth up even until now have I not eaten of that which dies of itself, or is torn of animals; neither came there abominable flesh into my mouth.
(See RSV)

Ezekiel 32:2 Son of man, take up a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt, and tell him, You were likened to a young lion of the nations: yet you are as a monster in the seas; and you did break forth with your rivers, and troubled the waters with your feet, and fouled their rivers.

Ezekiel 34:18 Does it seem a small thing to you to have fed on the good pasture, but you must tread down with your feet the residue of your pasture? and to have drunk of the clear waters, but you must foul the residue with your feet?

Ezekiel 34:19 As for my sheep, they eat that which you have trodden with your feet, and they drink that which you have fouled with your feet.

Habakkuk 2:16 Thou art filled with shame, and not glory: drink thou also, and be as one uncircumcised; the cup of Jehovah's right hand shall come round unto thee, and foul shame shall be upon thy glory.



Foul Language

Related Terms

Foul-mouthed (1 Occurrence)

Possessed (100 Occurrences)

Dirt (9 Occurrences)

Cured (62 Occurrences)

Weather (5 Occurrences)

Foulness (1 Occurrence)

Filth (21 Occurrences)

Filthy (22 Occurrences)

Roams (3 Occurrences)

Defile (63 Occurrences)

Dirty (9 Occurrences)

Maggots (3 Occurrences)

Awe-struck (9 Occurrences)

Sort (143 Occurrences)

Stronghold (68 Occurrences)

Soil (59 Occurrences)

Persons (156 Occurrences)

Filthiness (16 Occurrences)

Egyptians (108 Occurrences)

Orders (736 Occurrences)

Morning (264 Occurrences)

Angry (269 Occurrences)

River (189 Occurrences)

Kind (290 Occurrences)

Fish (66 Occurrences)

Youth (169 Occurrences)

Vicious (3 Occurrences)

Villainy (4 Occurrences)

Neighbourhood (9 Occurrences)

Naboth (18 Occurrences)

Notwithstanding (37 Occurrences)

Unclean (393 Occurrences)

Unable (102 Occurrences)

Outbreaks (1 Occurrence)

O (1414 Occurrences)

Overcast (1 Occurrence)

Landing (4 Occurrences)

Loathe (19 Occurrences)

Lowering (2 Occurrences)

Gloomy (10 Occurrences)

Worms (14 Occurrences)

Wither (30 Occurrences)

Increasing (61 Occurrences)

Ill-will (2 Occurrences)

Impurity (42 Occurrences)

Infirmity (22 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Issuing (5 Occurrences)

Issues (8 Occurrences)

Impelled (7 Occurrences)

Indeed (628 Occurrences)

Impure (28 Occurrences)

Interpret (27 Occurrences)

Flags (9 Occurrences)

Finding (57 Occurrences)


File (1 Occurrence)

Fouledst (1 Occurrence)

Flagrant (3 Occurrences)

Forthwith (30 Occurrences)

Fouled (2 Occurrences)

Fowler (3 Occurrences)

Flung (11 Occurrences)

Fowl (73 Occurrences)

Fishy (1 Occurrence)

Flowings (9 Occurrences)

Threw (133 Occurrences)

Tanner (3 Occurrences)

Towards (416 Occurrences)

Tarnish (1 Occurrence)

Tormented (17 Occurrences)

Throwing (29 Occurrences)

Twos (7 Occurrences)

Tone (9 Occurrences)

Threatening (7 Occurrences)

Resting-place (211 Occurrences)

Rechab (13 Occurrences)

Real (26 Occurrences)

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