Daniel 4:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"In the visions I saw while lying in bed, I looked, and there before me was a holy one, a messenger, coming down from heaven.

New Living Translation
"'Then as I lay there dreaming, I saw a messenger, a holy one, coming down from heaven.

English Standard Version
“I saw in the visions of my head as I lay in bed, and behold, a watcher, a holy one, came down from heaven.

New American Standard Bible
I was looking in the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed, and behold, an angelic watcher, a holy one, descended from heaven.

King James Bible
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As I was lying in my bed, I also saw in the visions of my mind an observer, a holy one, coming down from heaven.

International Standard Version
"Then I saw in the visions of my head while I was in bed—and take careful notice!—I saw a holy observer descend from heaven.

NET Bible
While I was watching in my mind's visions on my bed, a holy sentinel came down from heaven.

New Heart English Bible
I saw in the visions of my head on my bed, and look, a watcher and a holy one came down from the sky.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I was seeing these visions as I was asleep. I saw a guardian, a holy being, come down from heaven.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from heaven.

New American Standard 1977
‘I was looking in the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed, and behold, an angelic watcher, a holy one, descended from heaven.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, one who was a watchman and holy descended from heaven;

King James 2000 Bible
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher, a holy one came down from heaven;

American King James Version
I saw in the visions of my head on my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven;

American Standard Version
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from heaven.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I saw in the vision of my head upon my bed, and behold a watcher, and a holy one came down from heaven.

Darby Bible Translation
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from the heavens;

English Revised Version
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven.

Webster's Bible Translation
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from heaven;

World English Bible
I saw in the visions of my head on my bed, and behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from the sky.

Young's Literal Translation
'I was looking, in the visions of my head on my bed, and lo, a sifter, even a holy one, from the heavens is coming down.
Study Bible
Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of a Great Tree
12Its foliage was beautiful and its fruit abundant, And in it was food for all. The beasts of the field found shade under it, And the birds of the sky dwelt in its branches, And all living creatures fed themselves from it. 13I was looking in the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed, and behold, an angelic watcher, a holy one, descended from heaven. 14'He shouted out and spoke as follows: "Chop down the tree and cut off its branches, Strip off its foliage and scatter its fruit; Let the beasts flee from under it And the birds from its branches.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:2
He said, "The LORD came from Sinai, And dawned on them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran, And He came from the midst of ten thousand holy ones; At His right hand there was flashing lightning for them.

Psalm 89:7
A God greatly feared in the council of the holy ones, And awesome above all those who are around Him?

Daniel 4:5
"I saw a dream and it made me fearful; and these fantasies as I lay on my bed and the visions in my mind kept alarming me.

Daniel 4:17
"This sentence is by the decree of the angelic watchers And the decision is a command of the holy ones, In order that the living may know That the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind, And bestows it on whom He wishes And sets over it the lowliest of men."

Daniel 4:23
In that the king saw an angelic watcher, a holy one, descending from heaven and saying, "Chop down the tree and destroy it; yet leave the stump with its roots in the ground, but with a band of iron and bronze around it in the new grass of the field, and let him be drenched with the dew of heaven, and let him share with the beasts of the field until seven periods of time pass over him,"

Daniel 7:1
In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel saw a dream and visions in his mind as he lay on his bed; then he wrote the dream down and related the following summary of it.

Daniel 8:13
Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, "How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host to be trampled?"
Treasury of Scripture

I saw in the visions of my head on my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven;

in the.

Daniel 4:5,10 I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts on my bed and …

Daniel 7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream …

Daniel 7:17,23 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise …

Psalm 103:20 Bless the LORD, you his angels, that excel in strength, that do his …

an holy.

Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said to that certain …

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; …

Psalm 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to …

Zechariah 14:5 And you shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley …

Matthew 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels …

Mark 1:24 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with you, you Jesus of Nazareth? …

Luke 4:34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with you, you Jesus of Nazareth? …

Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, …

Revelation 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured …

(13) A watcher and a holy one--i.e., a holy one who is watchful; translated "angel" by the LXX., but simply transliterated into "Eir" by Theodotion. The word is used twice by the king, and once by Daniel (Daniel 4:23), but it is to be noticed that the prophet substitutes "the Most High" for the words of the king in Daniel 4:17). We must suppose that Nebuchadnezzar dreamed in a language familiar to himself, and that the objects of his dream were things with which his Babylonian education had made him acquainted. According to his mythology, the god of Nergal was regarded as "manifesting himself in watching," so that he may have dreamed that he witnessed a descent of one of his deities. In this he is corrected by Daniel, being assured that the whole is sent from heaven, that the decree is ordered by the one true God, and that the holy watcher is an angel of God.

Verse 13. - I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven. The Septuagint Version is shorter here, and therefore, other things being equal, is to be preferred, "And I saw in my dream, and an angel was sent in power from heaven." Theodotion is as usual in closer accord with the text of the Massoretic than is the Septuagint; yet he omits "of my head." The Peshitta, yet closer to the Massoretic text, only omits "behold." There is now a change in the vision. The monarch sees "a watcher and a holy one descend." This is rendered rightly by the Septuagint, "an angel." Jephet-ibn-Ali maintains that there are two, and that the watcher is the higher. The word עִיר (eer), "watcher," occurs only in this chapter in the Bible. In the Book of Enoch the name occurs almost a score of times, and is used to designate the archangels. In the present case the word קָדִּישׁ, (qaddeesh), "a holy one," is in all likelihood an explanatory addition, the word being unknown before - probably an adaptation of some Assyrian name. On the other hand, in the Book of Enoch every one is supposed to be as well acquainted with the עִירִים of Daniel as with the cherubim and ophanim of Ezekiel and the seraphim of Isaiah. Does not this imply that, at the time the Book of Enoch was written, the Book of Daniel was equally well known with those of the two other prophets? The latest conceivable date for Enoch is B.C. 130, and so late a date never would have been thought of had there not been a necessity to place its date after that at which critics in their wisdom had placed Daniel. The date above mentioned implies that Judas Maccabaeus is unmentioned in a struggle of which he was the crowning hero. Even grant that later date, it is inconceivable that a single generation could have given Daniel such a place of honour as to be regarded as the equal with Isaiah and Ezekiel. In this connection it is to be noticed that, though the ophunim, "wheels," of Ezekiel are made use of, the soosim, "horses," of Zechariah do not appear in the later books. Yet they are declared to be spirits. If Daniel were a contemporary of Ezekiel, and his writings had thus had time to sink into the mind of the Jewish people, this phenomenon can be understood. I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed,.... The king goes on to relate what other things presented themselves to his imagination in his dream, concerning this tree which signified himself:

and, behold, a watcher: which Saadiah interprets of Bath Kol; but Aben Ezra, Jarchi, Jacchiades, and Ben Melech of an angel; so called because incorporeal, ever watches, and never sleeps, and is always attentive to, and observant of, the commands of God so the angels in the fragment of Enoch are called "egregori", watchers; and the same word is here used in the Alexandrian copy. Some (k) render it "an enemy", "an holy one": according to the sense of the word in 1 Samuel 28:16, and produce it to show that angels are called enemies:

and an Holy One; one of the holy angels that never sinned, nor left their first estate, but continued in it; in which they are established by Christ, and are impeccable; are perfectly pure and holy in their nature and actions: such an one came down from heaven; the place of their abode, as it seemed to Nebuchadnezzar in his dream.

(k) Lex. Kabalist. in voce p. 54, 55. 13. watcher and an holy one—rather, "even an holy one." Only one angel is intended, and he not one of the bad, but of the holy angels. Called a "watcher," because ever on the watch to execute God's will [Jerome], (Ps 103:20, 21). Compare as to their watchfulness, Re 4:8, "full of eyes within … they rest not day and night." Also they watch good men committed to their charge (Ps 34:7; Heb 1:14); and watch over the evil to record their sins, and at God's bidding at last punish them (Jer 4:16, 17), "watchers" applied to human instruments of God's vengeance. As to God (Da 9:14; Job 7:12; 14:16; Jer 44:27). In a good sense (Ge 31:49; Jer 31:28). The idea of heavenly "watchers" under the supreme God (called in the Zendavesta of the Persian Zoroaster, Ormuzd) was founded on the primeval revelation as to evil angels having watched for an opportunity until they succeeded in tempting man to his ruin, and good angels ministering to God's servants (as Jacob, Ge 28:15; 32:1, 2). Compare the watching over Abraham for good, and over Sodom for wrath after long watching in vain for good men it it, for whose sake He would spare it, Ge 18:23-33; and over Lot for good, Ge 19:1-38 Daniel fitly puts in Nebuchadnezzar's mouth the expression, though not found elsewhere in Scripture, yet substantially sanctioned by it (2Ch 16:9; Pr 15:3; Jer 32:19), and natural to him according to Oriental modes of thought.4:1-18 The beginning and end of this chapter lead us to hope, that Nebuchadnezzar was a monument of the power of Divine grace, and of the riches of Divine mercy. After he was recovered from his madness, he told to distant places, and wrote down for future ages, how God had justly humbled and graciously restored him. When a sinner comes to himself, he will promote the welfare of others, by making known the wondrous mercy of God. Nebuchadnezzar, before he related the Divine judgments upon him for his pride, told the warnings he had in a dream or vision. The meaning was explained to him. The person signified, was to be put down from honour, and to be deprived of the use of his reason seven years. This is surely the sorest of all temporal judgments. Whatever outward affliction God is pleased to lay upon us, we have cause to bear it patiently, and to be thankful that he continues the use of our reason, and the peace of our consciences. Yet if the Lord should see fit by such means to keep a sinner from multiplying crimes, or a believer from dishonouring his name, even the dreadful prevention would be far preferable to the evil conduct. God has determined it, as a righteous Judge, and the angels in heaven applaud. Not that the great God needs the counsel or concurrence of the angels, but it denotes the solemnity of this sentence. The demand is by the word of the holy ones, God's suffering people: when the oppressed cry to God, he will hear. Let us diligently seek blessings which can never be taken from us, and especially beware of pride and forgetfulness of God.
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