Daniel 4:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These are the visions I saw while lying in bed: I looked, and there before me stood a tree in the middle of the land. Its height was enormous.

New Living Translation
"'While I was lying in my bed, this is what I dreamed. I saw a large tree in the middle of the earth.

English Standard Version
The visions of my head as I lay in bed were these: I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great.

New American Standard Bible
Now these were the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed: I was looking, and behold, there was a tree in the midst of the earth and its height was great.

King James Bible
Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the visions of my mind as I was lying in bed, I saw this: There was a tree in the middle of the earth, and its height was great.

International Standard Version
This is what I saw in the visions of my head while I was in bed: I was looking and—listen carefully!—I saw a tree in the middle of the earth, the height of which was very great.

NET Bible
Here are the visions of my mind while I was on my bed. While I was watching, there was a tree in the middle of the land. It was enormously tall.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the visions I had while I was asleep: I was looking, and I saw an oak tree in the middle of the earth. It was very tall.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thus were the visions of my head in my bed: It seemed that I saw a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great.

King James 2000 Bible
Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great.

American King James Version
Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the middle of the earth, and the height thereof was great.

American Standard Version
Thus were the visions of my head upon my bed: I saw, and, behold, a tree in the midst of the earth; and the height thereof was great.

Douay-Rheims Bible
This was the vision of my head in my bed: I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was exceeding great.

Darby Bible Translation
Thus were the visions of my head upon my bed: I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great.

English Revised Version
Thus were the visions of my head upon my bed: I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and its hight was great.

World English Bible
Thus were the visions of my head on my bed: I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth; and its height was great.

Young's Literal Translation
As to the visions of my head on my bed, I was looking, and lo, a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height is great:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-18 The beginning and end of this chapter lead us to hope, that Nebuchadnezzar was a monument of the power of Divine grace, and of the riches of Divine mercy. After he was recovered from his madness, he told to distant places, and wrote down for future ages, how God had justly humbled and graciously restored him. When a sinner comes to himself, he will promote the welfare of others, by making known the wondrous mercy of God. Nebuchadnezzar, before he related the Divine judgments upon him for his pride, told the warnings he had in a dream or vision. The meaning was explained to him. The person signified, was to be put down from honour, and to be deprived of the use of his reason seven years. This is surely the sorest of all temporal judgments. Whatever outward affliction God is pleased to lay upon us, we have cause to bear it patiently, and to be thankful that he continues the use of our reason, and the peace of our consciences. Yet if the Lord should see fit by such means to keep a sinner from multiplying crimes, or a believer from dishonouring his name, even the dreadful prevention would be far preferable to the evil conduct. God has determined it, as a righteous Judge, and the angels in heaven applaud. Not that the great God needs the counsel or concurrence of the angels, but it denotes the solemnity of this sentence. The demand is by the word of the holy ones, God's suffering people: when the oppressed cry to God, he will hear. Let us diligently seek blessings which can never be taken from us, and especially beware of pride and forgetfulness of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great. The Septuagint is different here, "I was sleeping [on my couch], and behold a lofty tree springing out of the earth, and its appearance was great, and there was not another like to it." The words, "on my couch," are marked with an asterisk, denoting that they have been added, probably from Theodotion. There are indications here of a text slightly different from the Massoretic, even in the latter portion of the verse, where the LXX. and the Massoretic text come closest. Instead of bega,' (בְגוא), "in the midst of," the LXX. reading has been saggeee (שׂגִּיא), "great." The last clause is most widely different from the Massoretic text; instead of "and the height thereof was great," we have, "and there was no other like it." It is not easy to imagine how the one reading grew from the other, roomeh (דוּמֵה), "height," might easily be mistaken for דְמָה (demah), if roomeh were written defectively; but the rest of the clause cannot easily be explained The Massoretic text has a certain redundancy of meaning, which is suspicious. In this verse we are told the tree was "great;" the opening clause of the following says the tree grew; whereas the Septuagint, while asserting its loftiness, asserts also that it was "growing" (φνόμενον). On the whole, we prefer the Septuagint, as it does not proceed to assert further that the tree "grew great." Theodotion, while in the latter portion of the verse agreeing with the Massoretic text, omits the introductory clause. The Pe-shitta is a briefer recension of the Massoretic text, "The vision in my couch was - a tree in the midst of the earth, the height great." The reference here may be, to the sacred tree of the Assyrians, the symbol of life, which is so perpetually introduced into the sculptures of Nineveh, and seen also in some Babylonian cylinders, especially in connection with royal acts of worship, in Lenormant ('La Magie,' p. 27) we find that a sacred tree - a conifer of some sort as seen by the sculptures - was supposed to have the quality of breaking the power of the seven Maskim. Whatever the origin of this belief, it seems to have passed into the faith of Assyria and Babylon, and to have so permeated them that Ezekiel (31) describes Assyria as a mighty cedar. To pass from the empire to its ruler was a specially easy step in regard to an Oriental monarchy, in which the state was the monarch, in the midst of the earth. This refers to the notion each nation had that their own was the middle point, or omphalos, of the world. Though גַו (gav) meant originally really "back," not "middle," yet it is used of the furnace of fire in the preceding chapter, and the primitive meaning is entirely lost in the Targums.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed,.... So things appeared to my fancy thus; they ran in my head or brain in a dream in my bed, as if I saw them with my eyes, as follows; for so I thought,

I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth; an emblem of a powerful prince well settled, and strongly supported in his power and government; so the Assyrian monarch, Ezekiel 31:3 and here Nebuchadnezzar himself, as it is afterwards explained; who was well established in his monarchy, the metropolis of which was Babylon; and which stood pretty much in the midst of the then known world:

and the height thereof was great; taller than trees in common; denoting the superiority of the Babylonian monarch over all kings and kingdoms of the earth.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. tree—So the Assyrian is compared to a "cedar" (Eze 31:3; compare Eze 17:24).

in the midst of the earth—denoting its conspicuous position as the center whence the imperial authority radiated in all directions.

Daniel 4:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of a Great Tree
9O Belteshazzar, chief of the magicians, since I know that a spirit of the holy gods is in you and no mystery baffles you, tell me the visions of my dream which I have seen, along with its interpretation. 10Now these were the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed: I was looking, and behold, there was a tree in the midst of the earth and its height was great. 11The tree grew large and became strong And its height reached to the sky, And it was visible to the end of the whole earth.…
Cross References
Ezekiel 31:3
Consider Assyria, once a cedar in Lebanon, with beautiful branches overshadowing the forest; it towered on high, its top above the thick foliage.

Ezekiel 31:6
All the birds of the sky nested in its boughs, all the animals of the wild gave birth under its branches; all the great nations lived in its shade.

Daniel 4:5
I had a dream that made me afraid. As I was lying in bed, the images and visions that passed through my mind terrified me.

Daniel 4:20
The tree you saw, which grew large and strong, with its top touching the sky, visible to the whole earth,
Treasury of Scripture

Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the middle of the earth, and the height thereof was great.

saw. Chal. was seeing. a tree. This represented his exceedingly prosperous condition, the height of his exaltation, the extent of his dominions and renown, the splendour of his kingdom, the multitude of his subjects who received protection from him, and the peace and plenty they enjoyed.

Daniel 4:20-26 The tree that you saw, which grew, and was strong, whose height reached …

Psalm 37:35,36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like …

Isaiah 10:33,34 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: …

Jeremiah 12:2 You have planted them, yes, they have taken root: they grow, yes, …

Ezekiel 31:3-18 Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and …

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Alphabetical: a and are as bed before behold earth enormous great height I in Its land lay looked looking lying me middle midst mind my Now of on saw stood the there These tree visions was were while

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