2 Samuel 3:33
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The king sang this lament for Abner: "Should Abner have died as the lawless die?

New Living Translation
Then the king sang this funeral song for Abner: "Should Abner have died as fools die?

English Standard Version
And the king lamented for Abner, saying, “Should Abner die as a fool dies?

New American Standard Bible
The king chanted a lament for Abner and said, "Should Abner die as a fool dies?

King James Bible
And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and the king sang a lament for Abner: Should Abner die as a fool dies?

International Standard Version
The king composed this mourning song for Abner: "Should Abner's death be like a fool's?

NET Bible
The king chanted the following lament for Abner: "Should Abner have died like a fool?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king sang a funeral song for Abner: Should Abner die like a godless fool?

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the king lamented over Abner and said, Abner died the death of a fool!

King James 2000 Bible
And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dies?

American King James Version
And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dies?

American Standard Version
And the king lamented for Abner, and said, Should Abner die as a fool dieth?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the king mourning and lamenting over Abner, said: Not as cowards are wont to die, hath Abner died.

Darby Bible Translation
And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Should Abner die as a fool dieth?

English Revised Version
And the king lamented for Abner, and said, Should Abner die as a fool dieth?

Webster's Bible Translation
And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?

World English Bible
The king lamented for Abner, and said, "Should Abner die as a fool dies?

Young's Literal Translation
and the king lamenteth for Abner, and saith: -- 'As the death of a fool doth Abner die?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:22-39 Judgments are prepared for such scorners as Abner; but Joab, in what he did, acted wickedly. David laid Abner's murder deeply to heart, and in many ways expressed his detestation of it. The guilt of blood brings a curse upon families: if men do not avenge it, God will. It is a sad thing to die like a fool, as they do that any way shorten their own days, and those who make no provision for another world. Who would be fond of power, when a man may have the name of it, and must be accountable for it, yet is hampered in the use of it? David ought to have done his duty, and then trusted God with the issue. Carnal policy spared Joab. The Son of David may long delay, but never fails to punish impenitent sinners. He who now reigns upon the throne of David, has a kingdom of a nobler kind. Whatever He doeth, is noticed by all his willing people, and is pleasing to them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 33. - The king lamented. The word is the same as that used in ch. 1:17. The word rendered "fool" is nabal (for which see 1 Samuel 25:25). The idea contained in the word is not that of mere silliness, but of worthlessness also; and thus in Psalm 14:1 we find that the nabal is also an atheist.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the king lamented over Abner,.... Delivered an elegy or funeral oration, which he had composed on this occasion, as Josephus (u) suggests: for he had cried and wept before, but now he expressed something as follows:

and said, died Abner as a fool dieth? the meaning of the interrogation is, he did not; the Targum is"did Abner die as wicked men die?''no, he did not; he did not die for any wickedness he had been guilty of; he did not die as a malefactor, whose crime has been charged and proved in open court, and sentence of condemnation pronounced on him righteously for it; but he died without anything being laid to his charge, and much less proved, and without judge or jury; he was murdered in a clandestine, insidious, and deceitful manner; so the word "fool" is often taken in Scripture for a wicked man, especially in the book of Proverbs; the Septuagint version leaves the word untranslated,"died Abner according to the death of Nabal?''no; but it could hardly be thought that David would mention the name of any particular person on such an occasion.

(u) Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 7. c. 1. sect. 6.)

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

33, 34. the king lamented over Abner—This brief elegy is an effusion of indignation as much as of sorrow. As Abner had stabbed Asahel in open war [2Sa 2:23], Joab had not the right of the Goel. Besides, he had adopted a lawless and execrable method of obtaining satisfaction (see on [258]1Ki 2:5). The deed was an insult to the authority, as well as most damaging to the prospects of the king. But David's feelings and conduct on hearing of the death, together with the whole character and accompaniments of the funeral solemnity, tended not only to remove all suspicion of guilt from him, but even to turn the tide of popular opinion in his favor, and to pave the way for his reigning over all the tribes more honorably than by the treacherous negotiations of Abner.

2 Samuel 3:33 Additional Commentaries
Context
David Mourns for Abner
32Thus they buried Abner in Hebron; and the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept. 33The king chanted a lament for Abner and said, "Should Abner die as a fool dies? 34"Your hands were not bound, nor your feet put in fetters; As one falls before the wicked, you have fallen." And all the people wept again over him.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 1:17
David took up this lament concerning Saul and his son Jonathan,

2 Samuel 3:34
Your hands were not bound, your feet were not fettered. You fell as one falls before the wicked." And all the people wept over him again.

2 Chronicles 35:25
Jeremiah composed laments for Josiah, and to this day all the male and female singers commemorate Josiah in the laments. These became a tradition in Israel and are written in the Laments.

Ezekiel 32:16
"This is the lament they will chant for her. The daughters of the nations will chant it; for Egypt and all her hordes they will chant it, declares the Sovereign LORD."
Treasury of Scripture

And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dies?

as a fool dieth That is, as a bad man, as the word frequently signifies in Scripture

2 Samuel 13:12,13,28,29 And she answered him, No, my brother, do not force me; for no such …

Proverbs 18:7 A fool's mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.

Ecclesiastes 2:15,16 Then said I in my heart, As it happens to the fool, so it happens …

Jeremiah 17:11 As the partridge sits on eggs, and hatches them not; so he that gets …

Luke 12:19,20 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for …

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