2 Kings 11:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy the whole royal family.

New Living Translation
When Athaliah, the mother of King Ahaziah of Judah, learned that her son was dead, she began to destroy the rest of the royal family.

English Standard Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal family.

New American Standard Bible
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring.

King James Bible
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs.

International Standard Version
As soon as Ahaziah's mother Athaliah learned that her son had died, she seized the throne and executed the entire royal bloodline.

NET Bible
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she was determined to destroy the entire royal line.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal family.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Ahaziah's mother, Athaliah, saw that her son was dead, she began to destroy the entire royal family.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

New American Standard 1977
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, seeing that her son was dead, arose and destroyed all the royal seed.

King James 2000 Bible
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal heirs.

American King James Version
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

American Standard Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Athalia the mother of Ochozias seeing that her son was dead, arose, and slew all the royal seed.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose up and destroyed all the royal seed.

English Revised Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

World English Bible
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Young's Literal Translation
And Athaliah is mother of Ahaziah, and she hath seen that her son is dead, and she riseth, and destroyeth all the seed of the kingdom;
Study Bible
Athaliah Queen in Judah
1When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring. 2But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him from among the king's sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So they hid him from Athaliah, and he was not put to death.…
Cross References
Judges 9:5
Then he went to his father's house at Ophrah and killed his brothers the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, on one stone. But Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left, for he hid himself.

1 Kings 2:44
The king also said to Shimei, "You know all the evil which you acknowledge in your heart, which you did to my father David; therefore the LORD shall return your evil on your own head.

2 Kings 10:7
When the letter came to them, they took the king's sons and slaughtered them, seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent them to him at Jezreel.

2 Kings 10:36
Now the time which Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty-eight years.

2 Chronicles 22:10
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring of the house of Judah.
Treasury of Scripture

And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

A.M.

2 Chronicles 22:10 But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, …

2 Chronicles 24:7 For the sons of Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up the house of God…

the mother

2 Kings 8:26 Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and …

2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of …

and destroyed
A similar history is related by Mr. Bruce, as having occurred in Abyssinia. Judith `surprised the rock Damo, and slew the whole of the princes, to the number, it is said, of about

Matthew 2:13,16 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appears …

Matthew 21:38,39 But when the farmers saw the son, they said among themselves, This …

seed royal [heb] seed of the kingdom

2 Kings 25:25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of …

Jeremiah 41:1 Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of …

XI.

ATHALIAH USURPS THE THRONE OF JUDAH, BUT IS DEPOSED AND SLAIN, AND HER GRANDSON JOASH CROWNED, THROUGH THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE HIGH PRIEST JEHOIADA. (Comp. 2Chronicles 22:10; 2Chronicles 23:21.)

(1) And when Athaliah . . . saw.--Rather, Now Athaliah . . . had seen. (The and, which the common Hebrew text inserts before the verb, is merely a mistaken repetition of the last letter of Ahaziah. Many MSS. omit it.)

As to Athaliah and her evil influence on her husband Jehoram, see 2Kings 8:18; 2Kings 8:26-27. By her ambition and her cruelty she now shows herself a worthy daughter of Jezebel.

Her son.--Ahaziah (2Kings 9:27). The history of the Judan monarchy is resumed from that point.

Destroyed all the seed royal.--"The seed of the kingdom" (see margin) means all who might set up claims to the succession. Ahaziah's brothers had been slain by the Arabs (2Chronicles 21:17); and his "kinsmen" by Jehu (2Kings 10:14). Those whom Athaliah slew would be for the most part Ahaziah's own sons, though other relatives are not excluded by the term.

Verse 1. - And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead. (On Athaliah, see the comment upon 2 Kings 8:18.) She was married to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat, probably in the lifetime of his father, to cement the alliance concluded between Ahab and Jehoshaphat against the Syrians (1 Kings 22:2-4). She inherited much of her mother Jezebel's character, obtained an unlimited ascendancy over her husband, Jehoram, and kept her son Ahaziah in leading-strings. It was unquestionably through her influence that Jehoram was prevailed upon to introduce the Baal-worship into Judah (2 Kings 8:18; 2 Chronicles 2:5, 11), and Ahaziah prevailed upon to maintain it (2 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 22:3, "He also Talked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly"). On the death of Ahaziah, she found her position seriously imperiled. The crown would have passed naturally to one of her grandchildren, the eldest of the sons of Ahaziah. She would have lost her position of gebirah, or queen mother, which would have passed to the widow of Ahaziah, the mother of the new sovereign. If she did not at once lose all influence, at any rate a counter-influence to hers would have been established; and this might well have been that of the high priest, who was closely connected by marriage with the royal family. Under these circumstances, she took the bold resolution described in the next clause. She arose and destroyed the seed royal. She issued her orders, and had all the members of the house of David on whom she could lay her hands put to death. The royal house had already been greatly depleted by Jehoram's murder of his brothers (2 Chronicles 21:4), by Arab marauders (2 Chronicles 21:17), and by Jehu's murder of the "brethren of Ahaziah" (2 Kings 10:14); but it is clear that Ahaziah had left several sons behind him, and some of his "brethren" had also, in all probability, left issue. There may also have been many other descendants of David in Judah, belonging to other branches of the house than that of Rehoboam. Athaliah, no doubt, endeavored to make a clean sweep, and get rid of them all. And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead,.... Who was the daughter of Ahab, and granddaughter of Omri 2 Kings 8:18, she arose:

and destroyed all the seed royal; that were left, for many had been slain already; the sons of Jehoshaphat, the brothers of Joram, were slain by him, 2 Chronicles 21:4 and all Joram's sons, excepting Ahaziah, were slain by the Arabians, 2 Chronicles 22:1, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah were slain by Jehu, 2 Kings 11:8, these therefore seem to be the children of Ahaziah, the grandchildren of this brutish woman, whom she massacred out of her ambition of rule and government, which perhaps she was intrusted with while her son went to visit Joram king of Israel; other reasons are by some assigned, but this seems to be the chief. For the same reason Laodice, who had six sons by Ariarathes king of the Cappadocians, poisoned five of them; the youngest escaping her hands, was murdered by the people (x), as this woman also was.

(x) Justin. e Trogo, l. 37. c. 1.CHAPTER 11

2Ki 11:1-3. Jehoash Saved from Athaliah's Massacre.

1. Athaliah—(See on [335]2Ch 22:2). She had possessed great influence over her son, who, by her counsels, had ruled in the spirit of the house of Ahab.

destroyed all the seed royal—all connected with the royal family who might have urged a claim to the throne, and who had escaped the murderous hands of Jehu (2Ch 21:2-4; 22:1; 2Ki 10:13, 14). This massacre she was incited to perpetrate—partly from a determination not to let David's family outlive hers; partly as a measure of self-defense to secure herself against the violence of Jehu, who was bent on destroying the whole of Ahab's posterity to which she belonged (2Ki 8:18-26); but chiefly from personal ambition to rule, and a desire to establish the worship of Baal. Such was the sad fruit of the unequal alliance between the son of the pious Jehoshaphat and a daughter of the idolatrous and wicked house of Ahab.11:1-12 Athaliah destroyed all she knew to be akin to the crown. Jehoash, one of the king's sons, was hid. Now was the promise made to David bound up in one life only, and yet it did not fail. Thus to the Son of David, the Lord, according to his promise, will secure a spiritual seed, hidden sometimes, and unseen, but hidden in God's pavilion, and unhurt. Six years Athaliah tyrannized. Then the king was brought forward. A child indeed, but he had a good guardian, and, what was better, a good God to go to With such joy and satisfaction must the kingdom of Christ be welcomed into our hearts, when his throne is set up there, and Satan the usurper is cast out. Say, Let the King, even Jesus, live, for ever live and reign in my soul, and in all the world.
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