2 Corinthians 3:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.

New Living Translation
For the Lord is the Spirit, and wherever the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.

English Standard Version
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.

New American Standard Bible
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

King James Bible
Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.

International Standard Version
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Lord's Spirit is, there is freedom.

NET Bible
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is present, there is freedom.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But The Spirit is THE LORD JEHOVAH, and wherever The Spirit of THE LORD JEHOVAH is, there is freedom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This Lord is the Spirit. Wherever the Lord's Spirit is, there is freedom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the Lord is the Spirit, and where that Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

American King James Version
Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

American Standard Version
Now the Lord is the Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the Lord is a Spirit. And where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Darby Bible Translation
Now the Lord is the Spirit, but where the Spirit of [the] Lord [is, there is] liberty.

English Revised Version
Now the Lord is the Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Weymouth New Testament
Now by "the Lord" is meant the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, freedom is enjoyed.

World English Bible
Now the Lord is the Spirit and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:12-18 It is the duty of the ministers of the gospel to use great plainness, or clearness, of speech. The Old Testament believers had only cloudy and passing glimpses of that glorious Saviour, and unbelievers looked no further than to the outward institution. But the great precepts of the gospel, believe, love, obey, are truths stated as clearly as possible. And the whole doctrine of Christ crucified, is made as plain as human language can make it. Those who lived under the law, had a veil upon their hearts. This veil is taken away by the doctrines of the Bible about Christ. When any person is converted to God, then the veil of ignorance is taken away. The condition of those who enjoy and believe the gospel is happy, for the heart is set at liberty to run the ways of God's commandments. They have light, and with open face they behold the glory of the Lord. Christians should prize and improve these privileges. We should not rest contented without knowing the transforming power of the gospel, by the working of the Spirit, bringing us to seek to be like the temper and tendency of the glorious gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and into union with Him. We behold Christ, as in the glass of his word; and as the reflection from a mirror causes the face to shine, the faces of Christians shine also.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - Now the Lord is that Spirit. The "but" (Authorized Version, "now") introduces an explanation. To whom shall they turn? To the Lord. "But the Lord is the Spirit." The word "spirit" could not be introduced thus abruptly and vaguely; it must refer to something already said, and therefore to the last mention of the word "spirit" in ver. 3. The Lord is the Spirit, who giveth life and freedom, in antithesis to the spirit of death and legal bondage (see ver. 6; and comp. 1 Corinthians 15:45). The best comment on the verse is Romans 8:2, "For the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death." All life and all religion had become to St. Paul a vision of all things in Christ. He has just said that the spirit giveth life, and, after the digression about the moral blindness which prevented the Jews from being emancipated from the bondage of the letter, it was quite natural for him to add, "Now the Lord is the Spirit to which I alluded." The connection in which the verse stands excludes a host of untenable meanings which have been attached to it. There is liberty. The liberty of confidence (ver. 4), and of frank speech (ver. 12), and of sonship (Galatians 4:6, 7), and of freedom from guilt (John 8:36); so that the Law itself, obeyed no longer in the mere letter but also in the spirit, becomes a royal law of liberty, and not a yoke which gendereth to bondage (James 1:25; James 2:12) - a service, indeed, but one which is perfect freedom (Romans 5:1-21; 1 Peter 2:16).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Now the Lord is that Spirit,.... "The Lord", to whom the heart is turned, when the veil is removed, is Jesus Christ; and he is "that Spirit", or "the Spirit": he, as God, is of a spiritual nature and essence; he is a spirit, as God is said to be, John 4:24 he is the giver of the Spirit of God, and the very life and spirit of the law, without whom as the end of it, it is a mere dead letter: or rather as by Moses in 2 Corinthians 3:15 is meant, the law of Moses, so by the "Lord" here may be meant the Gospel of Christ: and this is that Spirit, of which the apostles were made ministers, and is said to give life, 2 Corinthians 3:6.

And where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty; which may be understood of the third person in the Godhead; where he is as a spirit of illumination, there is freedom from former blindness and darkness; where he is as a spirit of regeneration and sanctification, there is freedom from the bondage of sin, and captivity of Satan; where he is as a comforter, there is freedom from the fear of hell, wrath, and damnation: where he is as a spirit of adoption, there is the freedom of children with a father; where he is as a spirit of prayer and supplication, there is liberty of access to God with boldness, Though rather the Gospel as attended with the Spirit of God, in opposition to the law, is here designed; and which points out another difference between the law and the Gospel; where the law is, there is bondage, it genders to it; it has a natural tendency to it: quite contrary is this to what the Jews (i) say, who call the law, "liberty": and say,

"that he that studies in the law, hath , "freedom from everything":''

whereas it gives freedom in nothing, but leads into, and brings on persons a spirit of bondage; it exacts rigorous obedience, where there is no strength to perform; it holds men guilty, curses and condemns for non-obedience; so that such as are under it, and of the works of it, are always under a spirit of bondage; they obey not from love, but fear, as servants or slaves for wages, and derive all their peace and comfort from their obedience: but where the Gospel takes place under the influence of the Spirit of God, there is liberty; not to sin, which is contrary to the Gospel, to the Spirit of God in believers, and to the principle of grace wrought in their souls; but a liberty from the bondage and servitude of it: a liberty from the law's rigorous exaction, curse, and condemnation, and from the veil of former blindness and ignorance.

(i) Zohar in Gen. fol. 90. 1. & in Exod. fol. 72. 1. & in Numb. fol. 73. 3.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. the Lord—Christ (2Co 3:14, 16; 2Co 4:5).

is that Spirit—is THE Spirit, namely, that Spirit spoken of in 2Co 3:6, and here resumed after the parenthesis (2Co 3:7-16): Christ is the Spirit and "end" of the Old Testament, who giveth life to it, whereas "the letter killeth" (1Co 15:45; Re 19:10, end).

where the Spirit of the Lord is—in a man's "heart" (2Co 3:15; Ro 8:9, 10).

there is liberty—(Joh 8:36). "There," and there only. Such cease to be slaves to the letter, which they were while the veil was on their heart. They are free to serve God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus (Php 3:3): they have no longer the spirit of bondage, but of free sonship (Ro 8:15; Ga 4:7). "Liberty" is opposed to the letter (of the legal ordinances), and to the veil, the badge of slavery: also to the fear which the Israelites felt in beholding Moses' glory unveiled (Ex 34:30; 1Jo 4:18).

2 Corinthians 3:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Glory of the New Covenant
16but whenever a person turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit.
Cross References
Isaiah 61:1
The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,

John 8:32
Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."

2 Corinthians 3:18
And we all, who with unveiled faces contemplate the Lord's glory, are being transformed into his image with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.

Galatians 4:6
Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father."

Galatians 5:1
It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery.

Galatians 5:13
You, my brothers and sisters, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the flesh; rather, serve one another humbly in love.
Treasury of Scripture

Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

the Lord.

2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also has made us able ministers of the new testament; not of …

John 6:63 It is the spirit that vivifies; the flesh profits nothing: the words …

1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; …

where.

Psalm 51:12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation; and uphold me with your free spirit.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

Romans 8:2,15,16 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free …

Galatians 4:6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son …

2 Timothy 1:7 For God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of …

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