Plaster
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) An external application of a consistency harder than ointment, prepared for use by spreading it on linen, leather, silk, or other material. It is adhesive at the ordinary temperature of the body, and is used, according to its composition, to produce a medicinal effect, to bind parts together, etc.; as, a porous plaster; sticking plaster.

2. (n.) A composition of lime, water, and sand, with or without hair as a bond, for coating walls, ceilings, and partitions of houses. See Mortar.

3. (n.) Calcined gypsum, or plaster of Paris, especially when ground, as used for making ornaments, figures, moldings, etc.; or calcined gypsum used as a fertilizer.

4. (v. t.) To cover with a plaster, as a wound or sore.

5. (v. t.) To overlay or cover with plaster, as the ceilings and walls of a house.

6. (v. t.) Fig.: To smooth over; to cover or conceal the defects of; to hide, as with a covering of plaster.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PLASTER (1)

plas'-ter (sidh): In Egypt, now as in ancient times, the buildings are plastered inside and out. The poor quality of the stone commonly used makes this necessary if a smooth attractive surface is desired. Among the poorer classes, clay mixed with straw is used. In Palestine and Syria, where there is a rainy season, the coating on the outside walls, if made of clay, must be frequently renewed. In Egypt burnt gypsum, and in Palestine and Syria burnt limestone (lime) are the commonest materials for making mortar. For the first coat of plastering the lime is mixed with "fat" red sand or with the ash from the bathhouse fires, and the finishing coat is composed of white sand and slaked lime with or without chopped flax straw. The plaster on some of the ancient Egyptian ruins seems to indicate that milk or some similar substance was added to the mortar to give a better surface.

The ancients preferred plastered surfaces for decorating, and even the finest granite was covered with stucco on which to paint or carve the decorations (Deuteronomy 27:2 Daniel 5:5). Columns were often first stuccoed and then painted.

The Arabic word for mortar is Tin, which really means "clay." The Hebrew sidh, literally, "to boil up," refers to the boiling of the water with which the lime is slaked, because of the heat generated during the slaking process. In Daniel 5:5 occurs gir, i.e. "burned in a kiln," which might mean either lime or gypsum. In Leviticus 14:42 occurs Tuach, "to smear."

James A. Patch

PLASTER (2)

plas'-ter (marach): Only used in Isaiah 38:21 of the application of the cake of figs to the boil from which Hezekiah suffered. In Papyrus Ebers, figs are used as the ingredient in a plaster (xxxv, lxxix, lxxxiii). Dioscorides also recommends figs with other substances as a poultice in some skin diseases.

Greek
2867. koniao -- to plaster over
... to plaster over. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: koniao Phonetic Spelling:
(kon-ee-ah'-o) Short Definition: I whitewash Definition: I whitewash, plaster ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2867.htm - 6k

1813. exaleipho -- to wipe out, erase, obliterate
... Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: exaleipho Phonetic Spelling: (ex-al-i'-fo)
Short Definition: I wipe away, obliterate Definition: I plaster, wash over; I ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1813.htm - 7k

2854. kollourion -- eye salve.
... of kollura (a cake; prob akin to the base of kollao); properly, a poultice (as made
of or in the form of crackers), ie (by analogy) a plaster -- eyesalve. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2854.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
1528. gir -- chalk, plaster
... 1527, 1528. gir. 1529 . chalk, plaster. Transliteration: gir Phonetic Spelling:
(gheer) Short Definition: plaster. Word Origin (Aramaic ...
/hebrew/1528.htm - 6k

2950. taphal -- to smear, plaster over, stick, glue
... taphal. 2951 . to smear, plaster over, stick, glue. Transliteration: taphal Phonetic
Spelling: (taw-fal') Short Definition: forged. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/2950.htm - 6k

2915. tiach -- a coating
... 2914, 2915. tiach. 2916 . a coating. Transliteration: tiach Phonetic Spelling:
(tee'akh) Short Definition: plaster. ... Of) tuwach; mortar or plaster -- daubing ...
/hebrew/2915.htm - 6k

2902. tuach -- to overspread, overlay, coat, besmear
... root Definition to overspread, overlay, coat, besmear NASB Word Usage overlay (1),
plaster it over (2), plastered (1), plastered it over (1), plastered over (1 ...
/hebrew/2902.htm - 6k

8602. taphel -- tasteless, unseasoned
... From an unused root meaning to smear; plaster (as gummy) or slime; (figuratively)
frivolity -- foolish things, unsavoury, untempered. 8601, 8602. ...
/hebrew/8602.htm - 5k

7874. sid -- to whitewash
... plaister. A primitive root probably meaning to boil up (compare shuwd); used only
as denominative from siyd; to plaster -- plaister. see HEBREW shuwd. ...
/hebrew/7874.htm - 6k

7875. sid -- lime, whitewash
... Word Origin from an unused word Definition lime, whitewash NASB Word Usage lime
(4). lime, plaster. From siyd; lime (as boiling when slacked) -- lime, plaister. ...
/hebrew/7875.htm - 6k

6083. aphar -- dry earth, dust
... NASB Word Usage ashes (2), debris (2), dirt (1), dry soil (1), dust (91), dusty
(1), earth (5), ground (1), heap (2), loose earth (1), plaster (3), rubbish (1 ...
/hebrew/6083.htm - 6k

8585. t'alah -- a watercourse
... From alah; a channel (into which water is raised for irrigation); also a bandage
or plaster (as placed upon a wound) -- conduit, cured, healing, little river ...
/hebrew/8585.htm - 5k

4799. marach -- to rub
... lay for a plaster. A primitive root; properly, to soften by rubbing or pressure;
hence (medicinally) to apply as an emollient -- lay for a plaister. ...
/hebrew/4799.htm - 5k

Library

On Contrition
... Let us suppose the plaster in your house fell down, and you found that it fell because
there was a leak in the water-pipe above, and the water coming through ...
/.../kinkead/baltimore catechism no 4/lesson 18 on contrition.htm

Exhortations.
... troublesome. Every kind of wound is not healed with the same plaster. ... troublesome.
Every kind of wound is not healed with the same plaster. ...
/.../chapter ii exhortations.htm

Gilgal, in Deuteronomy 11:30 what the Place Was.
... from those words of Moses, Deuteronomy 27:2, "In the day, wherein thou shalt pass
over Jordan, thou shalt set thee up great stones, and shalt plaster them with ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 88 gilgal in deuteronomy.htm

The Relation of the Sunday School to Community Organizations
... would help the whole organization. It surely takes more than plaster to make
a house, important as is plaster. The Sunday school has ...
/.../alexander/the boy and the sunday school/xxii the relation of the.htm

The End of the War
... Jesus only.' We read that on a pyramid in Egypt the name and sounding titles of
the king in whose reign it was erected were blazoned on the plaster facing, but ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/the end of the war.htm

Chaldaean Civilization
... At Uruk, the walls of the palace are decorated by means of terra-cotta cones, fixed
deep into the solid plaster and painted red, black, or yellow, forming ...
/.../chapter iiichaldaean civilization.htm

Baxter -- Making Light of Christ and Salvation
... The Lord Jesus was content to be their physician, and hath provided them a sufficient
plaster of His own blood: but if men make light of it, and will not apply ...
/.../various/the worlds great sermons vol 2/baxter making light of.htm

Against Men who Embellish Themselves.
... And shops are erected and opened everywhere; and adepts at this meretricious
fornication make a deal of money openly by those who plaster themselves, and give ...
/.../clement/the instructor paedagogus/chapter iii against men who embellish.htm

Faith
... A medicine, though it be ever so sovereign, if not applied, will do no good; though
the plaster be made of Christ's own blood, it will not heal, unless applied ...
//christianbookshelf.org/watson/a body of divinity/1 faith.htm

To Polycarp
... Rather by your gentleness subdue those who are annoying. Not every wound is healed
by the same plaster. Relieve spasms of pain with poultices. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/richardson/early christian fathers/to polycarp.htm

Thesaurus
Plaster (13 Occurrences)
... of the body, and is used, according to its composition, to produce a medicinal effect,
to bind parts together, etc.; as, a porous plaster; sticking plaster. ...
/p/plaster.htm - 13k

Lime (4 Occurrences)
... of Moab "burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." The same Hebrew word is
used in Deuteronomy 27:2-4, and is there rendered "plaster." Limestone is the ...
/l/lime.htm - 11k

Plastered (7 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (imp. & pp) of Plaster. Multi-Version Concordance
Plastered (7 Occurrences). Exodus 2:3 And when she could ...
/p/plastered.htm - 8k

Mortar (16 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) A building material made by mixing lime, cement, or plaster of Paris, with
sand, water, and sometimes other materials; -- used in masonry for joining ...
/m/mortar.htm - 14k

Plastering
... & vb. n.) of Plaster. 2. (n.) Same as Plaster. 3. (n.) The act or process of overlaying
with plaster. 4. (n.) A covering of plaster; plasterwork. Int. ...
/p/plastering.htm - 6k

Ebal (8 Occurrences)
... led the people hither, erected an altar of unhewn stones, wrote upon the
stones-either engraving on the stone itself, or impressing on plaster placed there ...
/e/ebal.htm - 14k

Leper (34 Occurrences)
... The occurrence of "hollow streaks, greenish or reddish," in the plaster of a house
is regarded as evidence that the wall is affected with leprosy, and when ...
/l/leper.htm - 28k

Rendering (10 Occurrences)
... part. 5. (n.) The act of laying the first coat of plaster on brickwork
or stonework. 6. (n.) The coat of plaster thus laid on. 7 ...
/r/rendering.htm - 10k

Brick (10 Occurrences)
... 6. (vt) To imitate or counterfeit a brick wall on, as by smearing plaster with red
ocher, making the joints with an edge tool, and pointing them. Int. ...
/b/brick.htm - 15k

Leprosy (51 Occurrences)
... The occurrence of "hollow streaks, greenish or reddish," in the plaster of a house
is regarded as evidence that the wall is affected with leprosy, and when ...
/l/leprosy.htm - 37k

Concordance
Plaster (13 Occurrences)

Leviticus 14:41
And he shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the mortar that they scrape off without the city into an unclean place.
(See NAS RSV)

Leviticus 14:42
They shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 14:45
And he shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all the mortar of the house; and he shall carry them forth out of the city into an unclean place.
(See NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 27:2
It shall be on the day when you shall pass over the Jordan to the land which Yahweh your God gives you, that you shall set yourself up great stones, and plaster them with plaster:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 27:4
It shall be, when you have passed over the Jordan, that you shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in Mount Ebal, and you shall plaster them with plaster.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 38:21
Now Isaiah had said, Let them take a cake of figs, and lay it for a plaster upon the boil, and he shall recover.
(See JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Ezekiel 13:10
Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and there is no peace; and when one buildeth up a wall, behold, they daub it with untempered mortar :
(See JPS NAS)

Ezekiel 13:11
say unto them that daub it with untempered mortar , that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it.
(See JPS NAS)

Ezekiel 13:12
Behold, when the wall has fallen, shall it not be said to you, Where is the daubing with which you have daubed it?
(See NAS)

Ezekiel 13:14
So will I break down the wall that ye have daubed with untempered mortar , and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be uncovered; and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall know that I am Jehovah.
(See JPS NAS)

Ezekiel 13:15
Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered mortar ; and I will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it;
(See JPS NAS)

Ezekiel 22:28
And her prophets have daubed for them with untempered mortar , seeing false visions, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah, when Jehovah hath not spoken.
(See JPS)

Daniel 5:5
In the same hour came forth the fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.
(WEB JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Plaster

Plaster: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Lime (4 Occurrences)

Plastered (7 Occurrences)

Mortar (16 Occurrences)

Plastering

Ebal (8 Occurrences)

Leper (34 Occurrences)

Rendering (10 Occurrences)

Brick (10 Occurrences)

Leprosy (51 Occurrences)

Needlework (23 Occurrences)

Ulcer (8 Occurrences)

Layer (4 Occurrences)

Lay (524 Occurrences)

Whitewashed (3 Occurrences)

Torrents (17 Occurrences)

Replace (11 Occurrences)

Replaster (1 Occurrence)

Render (95 Occurrences)

Rib (5 Occurrences)

Emerged (1 Occurrence)

Daub (3 Occurrences)

Match (4 Occurrences)

Peres (2 Occurrences)

Partition (4 Occurrences)

Plaister (4 Occurrences)

Pendant (1 Occurrence)

Plasterers (2 Occurrences)

Plant-worm (2 Occurrences)

Bronze (146 Occurrences)

Bunch (6 Occurrences)

Chalkstone

Casting (54 Occurrences)

Cast (640 Occurrences)

Ceiling (7 Occurrences)

Charge (379 Occurrences)

Seal (47 Occurrences)

Stud (1 Occurrence)

Sour (15 Occurrences)

Slice (4 Occurrences)

Stick (47 Occurrences)

Setting (82 Occurrences)

Fingers (22 Occurrences)

Stones (244 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

Mount (311 Occurrences)

Watched (50 Occurrences)

Food (2953 Occurrences)

Extremity (46 Occurrences)

Lampstand (38 Occurrences)

Architecture

Crafts (2 Occurrences)

Wrote (74 Occurrences)

Suddenly (87 Occurrences)

Healing (60 Occurrences)

Palm (49 Occurrences)

House (20110 Occurrences)

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