Goshen
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Goshen

approaching; drawing near

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Goshen

  1. The name of a part of Egypt where the Israelites dwelt during the whole period of their sojourn in that country. It was probably situated on the eastern border of the Nile, extending from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea. It contained the treasure-cities of Rameses and Pittim. It was a pasture land, especially suited to a shepherd people, and sufficient for the Israelites, who there prospered, and were separate from the main body of the Egyptians.
  2. A district in southern Palestine conquered by Joshua. (Joshua 10:41) It lay between Gaza and Gibeon.
  3. A town in the mountains of Judah, probably in a part of the country of Goshen.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Goshen

1. The name of the tract of country in Egypt which was inhabited by the Israelites from the time of Jacob to that of Moses. It was probably the tract lying east of the Pelusian arm of the Nile, towards Arabia. See EGYPT. It appears to have reached to the Nile, Exodus 1:22 2:3, since the Jews ate fish in abundance, Numbers 11:5, and "practiced artificial irrigation", De 11:10. It was near Heliopolis and Rameses, and not far from the capital of Egypt, Genesis 45:10 47:11 Exodus 8:1-12:51. It was a part of "the best of the land," at least for the pastoral Hebrews, Genesis 46:34, and was evidently better watered and more fertile than at present. Here they greatly multiplied and prospered, Genesis 47:27, and here they were sorely afflicted, and yet not forgotten of God, Exodus 8:22 9:26. Many Egyptians dwelt among and around them.

2. A city and the adjacent territory in the mountains of Judah, Joshua 10:41 11:16 15:51.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1.) A district in Egypt where Jacob and his family settled, and in which they remained till the Exodus (Genesis 45:10; 46:28, 29, 31, etc.). It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen" (46:28), and "the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37), for the towns Pithom and Rameses lay within its borders; also Zoan or Tanis (Psalm 78:12). It lay on the east of the Nile, and apparently not far from the royal residence. It was "the best of the land" (Genesis 47:6, 11), but is now a desert. It is first mentioned in Joseph's message to his father. It has been identified with the modern Wady Tumilat, lying between the eastern part of the Delta and the west border of Palestine. It was a pastoral district, where some of the king's cattle were kept (Genesis 47:6). The inhabitants were not exclusively Israelites (Exodus 3:22; 11:2; 12:35, 36).

(2.) A district in Palestine (Joshua 10:41; 11:16). It was a part of the maritime plain of Judah, and lay between Gaza and Gibeon.

(3.) A town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:51).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GOSHEN (1)

go'-shen (goshen; Gesem):

1. Meaning of Name:

The region where the Hebrews dwelt in Egypt. If the Septuagint reading Gesem be correct, the word, which in its Hebrew form has no known meaning, may mean "cultivated"-comparing the Arabic root jashima, "to labor." Egyptologists have suggested a connection with the Egyptian word qas, meaning "inundated land" because Goshen was apparently the same region, called by the Greeks the "Arabian nome," which had its capital at Phakousa representing the Egyptian Pa-qas (Brugsch, Geog., I, 298), the name of a town, with the determinative for "pouring forth." Van der Hardt, indeed, more than a century ago (see Sayce, Higher Criticism, 235), supposed the two words to be connected. Dr. Naville in 1887 found the word as denoting the vicinity of Pi-sopt (now Saft el Henneh), 6 miles East of Zagazig-in the form Q-s-m. He concludes that this was the site of Phakousa, but the latter is usually placed at Tell el Faqus, about 15 miles South of ZOAN (which see), and this appears to be the situation of the "City of Arabia" which Silvia, about 385 A.D., identifies with Gesse or Goshen; for she reached it in her journey from Heroopolis, through Goshen to Tathnis or Taphnis (Daphnai), and to Pelusium.

2. Situation:

It is generally agreed that Goshen was the region East of the Bubastic branch of the Nile; and in Psalm 78:12, 43, it seems to be clearly identified with the "field (or pastoral plain) of Zoan," which was probably also the "land of Rameses" mentioned (Genesis 47:11) as possessed by Jacob's family (see RAAMSES; ZOAN). Where first mentioned (Genesis 45:10), Goshen is promised by Joseph to Jacob as a land fit for flocks, and the Septuagint here reads, "Gesem of Arabia," probably referring to the Arabian nome which took its name from the "desert" which defended the East border of Egypt. In the second notice (Genesis 46:28 f), the boundary of the land of Goshen, where Joseph met his father, is called in the Septuagint Heroo(n)-polis, and also (Genesis 46:28) "the land of Ramesse(s)"; so that in the 3rd century B.C. Goshen seems to have been identified with the whole region of the Arabian nome, as far South as Heroopolis which (see PITHOM) lay in Wady Tumeilat. Goshen included pastoral lands (Genesis 46:34; Genesis 47:1, 4, 6, 27; 50:8) and was still inhabited by the Hebrews at the time of the Exodus (Exodus 8:22; Exodus 9:26), after which it is unnoticed in the Old Testament. The name, however, applied to other places which were probably "cultivated" lands, including a region in the South of Palestine (Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:16), "all the country of Goshen Septuagint Gosom), even unto Gibeon," and a city of Judah (Joshua 15:51) in the mountains near Beersheba. These notices seem to show that the word is not of Egyptian origin.

3. Description:

The region thus very clearly indicated was not of any great extent, having an area of only about 900 square miles, including two very different districts. The western half, immediately East of the Bubastic branch of the Nile, stretches from Zoan to Bubastis (at both of which cities records of the Hyksos ruler Apepi have been found), or a distance of about 35 miles North and South. This region is an irrigated plain which is still considered to include some of the best land in Egypt. The description of the land of Rameses (see RAAMSES), in the 14th century B.C., shows its fertility; and Silvia says that the land of Goshen was 16 miles from Heroopolis, and that she traveled for two days in it "through vineyards, and balsam plantations, and orchards, and tilled fields, and gardens." The region narrows from about 15 miles near the seashore to about 10 miles between Zagazig and Tell el Kebir on the Southeast of this, a sandy and gravelly desert lies between the Nile plain and the Suez Canal, broadening southward from near Daphnai (Tell Defeneh) to Wady Tumeilat, where it is 40 miles across East and West. South of this valley an equally waterless desert stretches to Suez, and from the Bitter Lakes on the East to the vicinity of Heliopolis (Southeast of Cairo) on the West. Thus, Wady Tumeilat, which is fertilized by the Nile waters (see PI-HAHIROTH), and contains villages and corn fields, is the only natural route for a people driving with their flocks and herds by which the vicinity of the Red Sea can be reached, the road leading from the South end of the "field of Zoan" near Bubastis, and 40 miles eastward to the "edge of the wilderness" (see ETHAM) and the head of the Bitter Lakes. This physical conformation is important in relation to the route of the Israelites (see EXODUS); and Wady Tumeilat may very possibly be intended to be included in Goshen, as the Septuagint translators supposed.

C. R. Conder

GOSHEN (2)

go'-shen (goshen):

(1) Mentioned as a country ('erets) in the South of Judah distinct from the "hill country," the Negeb and the Shephelah (Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:16). Unidentified.

(2) A town in the Southwest part of the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:51), very probably connected in some way with the district (1).

(3) See preceding article.

Strong's Hebrew
1657. Goshen -- a district in Egypt, also a city in S. Judah
... 1656, 1657. Goshen. 1658 . a district in Egypt, also a city in S. Judah.
Transliteration: Goshen Phonetic Spelling: (go'-shen) Short Definition: Goshen. ...
/hebrew/1657.htm - 6k
Library

Goshen. 11S.
... 216 Goshen. 11s. Danger of Delay. (470) Delay not, delay not; oh, sinner!
draw near; The waters of life are now flowing for thee ...
//christianbookshelf.org/lorenz/the otterbein hymnal/216 goshen 11s.htm

Goshen. 11S.
... 215 Goshen. 11s. All Things Ready. (469) Oh, turn ye, oh, turn ye, for why
will ye die, When God, in great mercy, is coming so nigh? ...
//christianbookshelf.org/lorenz/the otterbein hymnal/215 goshen 11s.htm

Joseph's Loyalty to his Family
... Jacob also sent Judah before him to Joseph, that he might show him the way
to Goshen. When they came into the land of Goshen, Joseph ...
/.../sherman/the childrens bible/josephs loyalty to his family.htm

Growth by Transplanting
... and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are
come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/growth by transplanting.htm

The Traitors
... A slow-moving, fragmentary cloud had gathered in the zenith just after dawn and
for many minutes over the northern part of Goshen there had been a ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxxviii the traitors.htm

The Angel of Death
... Kenkenes had spent two weeks in Goshen in systematic search for Rachel. ... The land
of Goshen lay east and west, with a slight divergence toward the north. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xli the angel of.htm

Four Shaping Centuries
... words: death and growth. The calm years glided on, and the shepherds in Goshen
had the happiness of having no annals. All that needed ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/four shaping centuries.htm

Chapter xlvii
... CHAPTER XLVII. 11. Establishment of Israel in Goshen and Egyptian Famine Measures
(47:1-26) ... May thy servants, pray, settle in the land of Goshen. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xlvii.htm

The Training of a Statesman.
... This probably lay in the eastern boundary of the Biblical land of Goshen, which
seems to have included the Wady Tumilat and to have extended westward to the ...
/.../kent/the making of a nation/study viii the training of.htm

Joseph --The Savior of his People.
... he told them to hasten and go to his father and tell him this, and ask him to come
down at once, with all his flocks and herds, and dwell in Goshen, the best ...
/.../lathbury/childs story of the bible/chapter viii josephthe savior of.htm

Thesaurus
Goshen (16 Occurrences)
... It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen" (46:28), and
"the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37), for the towns Pithom and Rameses ...
/g/goshen.htm - 19k

Joseph (248 Occurrences)
... They were settled in the land of Goshen, where Joseph met his father, and "fell
on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while" (Genesis 46:29). ...
/j/joseph.htm - 91k

Flocks (128 Occurrences)
... Genesis 45:10 You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you will be near to me,
you, your children, your children's children, your flocks, your herds, and all ...
/f/flocks.htm - 38k

Region (96 Occurrences)
... Genesis 46:28 He sent Judah before him to Joseph, to show the way before him
to Goshen, and they came into the land of Goshen. (See NIV). ...
/r/region.htm - 34k

Zoan (7 Occurrences)
... This great and important city was the capital of the Hyksos, or Shepherd kings,
who ruled Egypt for more than 500 years. It was the frontier town of Goshen. ...
/z/zoan.htm - 17k

Settle (63 Occurrences)
... say,'Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now,
both we, and our fathers:' that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every ...
/s/settle.htm - 30k

Flock (242 Occurrences)
... Genesis 45:10 You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you will be near to me,
you, your children, your children's children, your flocks, your herds, and all ...
/f/flock.htm - 39k

Rameses (5 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary "the land of" (Genesis 47:11), was probably "the
land of Goshen" (qv) 45:10. After the Hebrews had built ...
/r/rameses.htm - 13k

Egyptians (108 Occurrences)
... say,'Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now,
both we, and our fathers:' that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every ...
/e/egyptians.htm - 40k

Directions (100 Occurrences)
... Genesis 46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto
Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. (See NIV). ...
/d/directions.htm - 38k

Concordance
Goshen (16 Occurrences)

Genesis 45:10
You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you will be near to me, you, your children, your children's children, your flocks, your herds, and all that you have.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 46:28
He sent Judah before him to Joseph, to show the way before him to Goshen, and they came into the land of Goshen.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 46:29
Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel, his father, in Goshen. He presented himself to him, and fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 46:34
that you shall say,'Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we, and our fathers:' that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:1
Then Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, and said, "My father and my brothers, with their flocks, their herds, and all that they own, have come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of Goshen."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:4
They said to Pharaoh, "We have come to live as foreigners in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants' flocks. For the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:5
And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Let them have the land of Goshen; and if there are any able men among them, put them over my cattle.
(BBE)

Genesis 47:6
The land of Egypt is before you. Make your father and your brothers dwell in the best of the land. Let them dwell in the land of Goshen. If you know any able men among them, then put them in charge of my livestock."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:27
Israel lived in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen; and they got themselves possessions therein, and were fruitful, and multiplied exceedingly.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:28
And Jacob was living in the land of Goshen for seventeen years; so the years of his life were a hundred and forty-seven.
(BBE)

Genesis 50:8
all the house of Joseph, his brothers, and his father's house. Only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 8:22
I will set apart in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end you may know that I am Yahweh in the midst of the earth.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 9:26
Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 10:41
Joshua struck them from Kadesh Barnea even to Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even to Gibeon.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 11:16
So Joshua captured all that land, the hill country, all the South, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, the Arabah, the hill country of Israel, and the lowland of the same;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 15:51
Goshen, Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Goshen

Goshen: A District in Egypt Especially Suitable for Herds and Flocks: Exempted from Plagues

Goshen: A District in Egypt Especially Suitable for Herds and Flocks: Israelites Dwelt In

Goshen: A Town and District of the Tribe of Judah

Related Terms

Joseph (248 Occurrences)

Flocks (128 Occurrences)

Region (96 Occurrences)

Zoan (7 Occurrences)

Settle (63 Occurrences)

Flock (242 Occurrences)

Rameses (5 Occurrences)

Egyptians (108 Occurrences)

Directions (100 Occurrences)

Moses (9295 Occurrences)

Pithom (1 Occurrence)

Direct (58 Occurrences)

Notice (44 Occurrences)

Dwell (474 Occurrences)

Livestock (124 Occurrences)

Herds (72 Occurrences)

Ahead (98 Occurrences)

Cattle (277 Occurrences)

Dwelt (307 Occurrences)

Hail (42 Occurrences)

Herd (118 Occurrences)

Arrived (129 Occurrences)

Golden (86 Occurrences)

Appear (111 Occurrences)

Chariot (102 Occurrences)

Sheep (413 Occurrences)

Calf (39 Occurrences)

Sabbath (126 Occurrences)

Point (106 Occurrences)

Yoked (10 Occurrences)

Zaphnathpaaneah (1 Occurrence)

Zaphnath-paaneah (1 Occurrence)

Kadeshbarnea (9 Occurrences)

Kadesh-barnea (9 Occurrences)

Ka'desh-bar'nea (9 Occurrences)

Numerous (88 Occurrences)

Unwalled (39 Occurrences)

Occupied (32 Occurrences)

Occupation (9 Occurrences)

Overseers (47 Occurrences)

Loathsome (20 Occurrences)

Lowland (34 Occurrences)

Living-place (83 Occurrences)

Grandchildren (7 Occurrences)

Gazah (16 Occurrences)

Giloh (2 Occurrences)

Gat (21 Occurrences)

Gortyna

Western (19 Occurrences)

Weepeth (29 Occurrences)

Ice-storm (14 Occurrences)

Insects (17 Occurrences)

Foothills (19 Occurrences)

Falleth (119 Occurrences)

Foreigners (76 Occurrences)

Flies (16 Occurrences)

Tended (7 Occurrences)

Raamses (1 Occurrence)

Ramses

Exploration

Distinguish (16 Occurrences)

Differently (3 Occurrences)

Darkness (177 Occurrences)

Detestable (121 Occurrences)

Disposal (4 Occurrences)

Dog-flies (6 Occurrences)

Defeated (88 Occurrences)

Declareth (71 Occurrences)

Multiplied (109 Occurrences)

Plague (142 Occurrences)

Pasture (120 Occurrences)

Boyhood (1 Occurrence)

Beetle (7 Occurrences)

Barnea (10 Occurrences)

City

Children's (28 Occurrences)

Carriage (32 Occurrences)

Capable (10 Occurrences)

Ability (34 Occurrences)

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