Foreskin
Jump to: ISBEWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTerms
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The fold of skin which covers the glans of the penis; the prepuce.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FORESKIN

for'-skin (`orlah; akrobustia, often euphemistically translated "uncircumcision"):

(1) In the literal sense the word is frequently mentioned owing to the rite of circumcision in vogue in Israel since the days of Abraham (Genesis 17:9-14) and among several other peoples of antiquity and modern times. The act of circumcision is represented in the temple of Khonsu, a medical deity, at Karnak. Among the Jews of antiquity circumcision had to be performed by means of a flint or stone knife (Exodus 4:25 Joshua 5:2, 3) on the eighth day after birth (Genesis 17:12; Genesis 21:4 Leviticus 12:3 Luke 2:21 Philippians 3:5), even if this day was the Sabbath (John 7:23).

Very early we find the practice one of which the descendants of Abraham became proud (Genesis 34:14), so that we see the uncircumcised despised and scorned (1 Samuel 17:26), and in the time of oppression under King Antiochus Epiphanes many Israelites suffered martyrdom rather than give up the distinctive sign of their people (APC 1Macc 1:48, 60, 61 2Macc 6:10). Among the Arabs and all Mohammedans the custom of circumcision prevails from pre-Islamic times, for it is nowhere ordered in the Koran, and the appellation "uncircumcised" ghalaf)is considered the greatest possible insult.

A peculiar martial custom is mentioned in 1 Samuel 18:25, 27 (compare 2 Samuel 3:14), where Saul is represented as asking "a hundred foreskins of the Philistines" as a dowry from David for the hand of Michal. This does not seem to have been an exceptional booty in war, especially if it meant that no very careful operation was expected to be performed, but the act became practically equivalent to extermination. We find in Egyptian history at the time of Ramses III, that an invasion into Egypt had been made by several Libyan tribes (see Diimichen, Histor. Inschr., I, plates I-VI, and II, plates 47). The Egyptian army sent against the invaders defeated them and returned with a large number of karnatha which is a transcription into hieroglyphics of the Semitic word, qarenoth, the word being used euphemistically as is proven by the accompanying determinative sign of a phallus. See Chabas, Etudes sur l'antiquite historique d'apres lee sources egyptienne,, etc., 234; Bondi, Hebr.-Phoen. Lehnworte im Egyptischen, Leipzig, 1886, 72-74. (2) Metaphorically the word is used in a variety of ways: (a) In the sense of "unlawful," "forbidden as food," "taboo." The fruit of newly planted trees was not to be eaten (Leviticus 19:23-25). (b) In the sense of "obstinacy," "opposition to God's law." The rite of circumcision meant submission under the law. While an outward form could not be identical with an inward attitude toward God, the use of the word "circumcision" was soon extended to that of purity and obedience of the heart (Deuteronomy 10:16; Deuteronomy 30:6 Colossians 2:11, where this circumcision is called a "circumcision not made with hands,. the circumcision of Christ"). The uselessness of outward circumcision, which does not include obedience and purity, is shown by Paul (Romans 2:25 1 Corinthians 7:18; compare Acts 7:51). (c) In the sense of "Gentiles," "non-Israelites" (Galatians 2:7 Ephesians 2:11 Colossians 3:11).

See CIRCUMCISION; CONCISION.

H. L. E. Luering

Greek
203. akrobustia -- the prepuce, foreskin, hence uncircumcision
... the prepuce, foreskin, hence uncircumcision. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: akrobustia Phonetic Spelling: (ak-rob-oos-tee'-ah) Short Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/203.htm - 7k

564. aperitmetos -- uncircumcised
... [564 () literally refers to an uncircumcised foreskin, which stands for "being
of God's covenant" -- ie without the promise of His salvation.]. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/564.htm - 7k

1986. epispaomai -- to draw over, to become as uncircumcised
... From epi and spao; to draw over, ie (with akrobustia implied) efface the mark of
circumcision (by recovering with the foreskin) -- become uncircumcised. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1986.htm - 6k

4061. peritome -- circumcision
... Cognate: 4061 -- properly, cut around, ie the removal of the male foreskin in
(the visible sign of God's covenant in the OT). See 4059 (). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4061.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
6190. orlah -- foreskin
... 6189, 6190. orlah. 6191 . foreskin. Transliteration: orlah Phonetic
Spelling: (or-law') Short Definition: foreskin. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/6190.htm - 6k

6188. aral -- to count as foreskin (as uncircumcised)
... 6187, 6188. aral. 6189 . to count as foreskin (as uncircumcised). Transliteration:
aral Phonetic Spelling: (aw-rale') Short Definition: count. ...
/hebrew/6188.htm - 6k

6189. arel -- having foreskin (uncircumcised)
... 6188, 6189. arel. 6190 . having foreskin (uncircumcised). Transliteration:
arel Phonetic Spelling: (aw-rale') Short Definition: uncircumcised. ...
/hebrew/6189.htm - 6k

Library

Origin of Errors; a Simile Sought from the Foreskin of the ...
... Book III. Chapter 16."Origin of Errors; A Simile Sought from the Foreskin
of the Circumcised, and from the Chaff of Wheat. "But ...
/.../augustine/anti-pelagian writings/chapter 16 origin of errors a.htm

Of Circumcision and the Supercession of the Old Law.
... But again," (you say) "the son of Moses would upon one occasion have been choked
by an angel, if Zipporah, [1165] had not circumcised the foreskin of the ...
/.../tertullian/an answer to the jews/chapter iii of circumcision and the.htm

Book ix. On Jerusalem and Her Enemies
... The foreskin is the life of the gentile; in the apostle: another in the foreskin
was calledd, not to be circumcised, that is, even one from the gentiles who ...
/.../eucherius/the formulae of st eucherius of lyons/book ix on jerusalem and.htm

The Ancient Fathers Clement of Alexandria.
... It is, therefore, the circumcision of the inward man; for he who is circumcised
has stripped off the enticements of his whole flesh, as his foreskin, that he ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 2/the ancient fathers clement of.htm

The Platonists' Opinion About the Existence of the Soul Previous ...
... a forecast of His coming undoubtedly contained not only in other sacred institutions
[2007] of the ancient Jews, but also in their circumcision of the foreskin ...
/.../augustine/anti-pelagian writings/chapter 36 xxxithe platonists opinion.htm

Against the Jews on the Question of the Sabbath.
... For the foreskin is nothing else than the skin which it superfluous to
the organ of lust. And, indeed, every pleasure which does ...
/.../john/exposition of the orthodox faith/chapter xxiii against the jews on.htm

Of Faith.
... And then, following upon our faith, we receive like him the spiritual seal, being
circumcised by the Holy Spirit through Baptism, not in the foreskin of the ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/lecture v of faith.htm

Chapter xvii
... suggests in a type or symbol what obligations are laid upon those who stand in covenant
relation, with God, namely primarily to put away the foreskin of their ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xvii.htm

True Righteousness is Obtained by Christ.
... Circumcise yourselves to the Lord, and circumcise the foreskin of your heart.'
[2019] Do not sow, therefore, among thorns, and in untilled ground, whence you ...
/.../chapter xxviii true righteousness is obtained.htm

In what the True Fasting Consists.
... fat, and shall be as a watered garden, and as a fountain of water, or as a land
where water fails not.' [1981] Circumcise, therefore, the foreskin of your heart ...
/.../chapter xv in what the true.htm

Thesaurus
Foreskin (12 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. FORESKIN. ...Foreskin (12 Occurrences). Genesis
17:11 You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin. ...
/f/foreskin.htm - 14k

Foreskins (7 Occurrences)
... Foreskins (7 Occurrences). Genesis 17:11 And ye shall be circumcised in the flesh
of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of a covenant betwixt Me and you. ...
/f/foreskins.htm - 8k

Circumcised (58 Occurrences)
... Every male among you shall be circumcised. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV
NIV). Genesis 17:11 You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin. ...
/c/circumcised.htm - 24k

Circumcise (13 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (vt) To cut off the prepuce of foreskin of, in the
case of males, and the internal labia of, in the case of females. ...
/c/circumcise.htm - 10k

Ish'mael (40 Occurrences)
... born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the
men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the ...
/i/ish'mael.htm - 18k

Flint (12 Occurrences)
... but tsur is used also for flint knives in Exodus 4:25, "Then Zipporah took a flint
(the King James Version "sharp stone"), and cut off the foreskin of her son ...
/f/flint.htm - 14k

Male (303 Occurrences)
... Genesis 17:14 The uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh
of his foreskin, that soul shall be cut off from his people. ...
/m/male.htm - 43k

Circumcision (98 Occurrences)
... commonwealth. Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) The act of cutting off the prepuce
or foreskin of males, or the internal labia of females. 2 ...
/c/circumcision.htm - 53k

Ishmael (44 Occurrences)
... were born in his house, and all who were bought with his money; every male among
the men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the ...
/i/ishmael.htm - 38k

Vomiting (1 Occurrence)
... Habakkuk 2:16 Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy
foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned to thee ...
/v/vomiting.htm - 7k

Concordance
Foreskin (12 Occurrences)

Genesis 17:11
You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin. It will be a token of the covenant between me and you.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 17:14
The uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that soul shall be cut off from his people. He has broken my covenant."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 17:23
Abraham took Ishmael his son, all who were born in his house, and all who were bought with his money; every male among the men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the same day, as God had said to him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 17:24
Abraham was ninety-nine years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 17:25
Ishmael, his son, was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 34:14
and say unto them, 'We are not able to do this thing, to give our sister to one who hath a foreskin: for it 'is' a reproach to us.
(YLT)

Exodus 4:25
Then Zipporah took a flint, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet; and she said, "Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 12:3
In the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Deuteronomy 10:16
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff-necked.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Jeremiah 4:4
Circumcise yourselves to Yahweh, and take away the foreskins of your heart, you men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem; lest my wrath go forth like fire, and burn so that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 9:25
Lo, days are coming -- an affirmation of Jehovah, And I have laid a charge on all circumcised in the foreskin,
(YLT)

Habakkuk 2:16
Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD's right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing shall be on thy glory.
(KJV DBY WBS)

Subtopics

Foreskin

Related Terms

Foreskins (7 Occurrences)

Circumcised (58 Occurrences)

Circumcise (13 Occurrences)

Ish'mael (40 Occurrences)

Flint (12 Occurrences)

Male (303 Occurrences)

Circumcision (98 Occurrences)

Ishmael (44 Occurrences)

Vomiting (1 Occurrence)

Zippo'rah (3 Occurrences)

Zipporah (3 Occurrences)

Taketh (398 Occurrences)

Knife (10 Occurrences)

Ninety-nine (6 Occurrences)

Nine (55 Occurrences)

Ninety (27 Occurrences)

Necked (3 Occurrences)

Uncircumcised (48 Occurrences)

Foresight (2 Occurrences)

Thirteen (16 Occurrences)

Eighth (38 Occurrences)

Male-child (5 Occurrences)

Moses'feet (1 Occurrence)

Peoples (305 Occurrences)

Betwixt (16 Occurrences)

Bridegroom (23 Occurrences)

Circumciseth (4 Occurrences)

Cutteth (37 Occurrences)

Stubborn (40 Occurrences)

Selfsame (18 Occurrences)

Stiffen (3 Occurrences)

Stiffnecked (9 Occurrences)

Stiff (23 Occurrences)

Spewing (1 Occurrence)

Stiff-necked (18 Occurrences)

Self-same (17 Occurrences)

Abraham's (34 Occurrences)

Token (24 Occurrences)

Bloody (19 Occurrences)

Cut (616 Occurrences)

Shameful (27 Occurrences)

Bought (66 Occurrences)

Causeth (209 Occurrences)

Skin (115 Occurrences)

Touched (96 Occurrences)

Talmud

Boy (94 Occurrences)

Neck (97 Occurrences)

Sharp (115 Occurrences)

Threw (133 Occurrences)

Slaves (119 Occurrences)

Targum

Affirmation (335 Occurrences)

Born (228 Occurrences)

Uncovered (78 Occurrences)

Broken (559 Occurrences)

Soul (554 Occurrences)

Surely (587 Occurrences)

Sign (181 Occurrences)

Harden (22 Occurrences)

Stone (290 Occurrences)

Covenant (309 Occurrences)

Household (222 Occurrences)

Husband (154 Occurrences)

Links
Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus


Foresight
Top of Page
Top of Page