Michal
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Michal

who is perfect?

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Michal

(who is like God), the younger of Saul's two daughters, (1 Samuel 14:49) who married David. The price fixed on Michal's hand was no less than the slaughter of a hundred Philistines. David by a brilliant feat doubled the tale of victims, and Michal became his wife. Shortly afterward she saved David from the assassins whom her father had sent to take his life. (1 Samuel 19:11-17) When the rupture between Saul and David had become open and incurable, she was married to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim. (1 Samuel 25:44) After the death of her father and brothers at Gilboa, David compelled her new husband to surrender Michal to him. (2 Samuel 3:13-16) How Michal comported herself in the altered circumstances of David's household we are not told; but it is plain from the subsequent occurrences that something had happened to alter the relations of herself and David, for on the day of David's greatest triumph, when he brought the ark of Jehovah to Jerusalem, we are told that "she despised him in her heart." All intercourse between her and David ceased from that date. (2 Samuel 6:20-23) Her name appears, (2 Samuel 21:8) as the mother of five of the grandchildren of Saul.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Michal

The younger of Saul's two daughters, in love with David, and whom Saul reluctantly gave to him in marriage, 1 Samuel 14:49 18:20-29. She saved her husband's life from assassins sent by her father, by a stratagem that gave him time to escape, 1 Samuel 19:14-15. Her father then gave her in marriage to Phalti, 1 Samuel 25:44, from whom David some years after recovered her, 2 Samuel 3:12-21.

When David brought the ark of God to Jerusalem, she conceived and expressed great disgust at his pious joy, and the affections of the king remained alienated from her till her death, 2 Samuel 6:16-23. Her hatred of unfashionable zeal in religion was stronger than her love of her husband and her God. She left no children.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Rivulet, or who as God?, the younger of Saul's two daughters by his wife Ahinoam (1 Samuel 14:49, 50). "Attracted by the graces of his person and the gallantry of his conduct, she fell in love with David and became his wife" (18:20-28). She showed her affection for him by promoting his escape to Naioth when Saul sought his life (1 Samuel 19:12-17. Comp. Psalm 59. See TERAPHIM). After this she did not see David for many years. Meanwhile she was given in marriage to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim (1 Samuel 25:44), but David afterwards formally reclaimed her as his lawful wife (2 Samuel 3:13-16). The relation between her and David soon after this was altered. They became alienated from each other. This happened on that memorable day when the ark was brought up in great triumph from its temporary resting-place to the Holy City. In David's conduct on that occasion she saw nothing but a needless humiliation of the royal dignity (1 Chronicles 15:29). She remained childless, and thus the races of David and Saul were not mixed. In 2 Samuel 21:8 her name again occurs, but the name Merab should probably be here substituted for Michal (Comp. 1 Samuel 18:19).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MICHAL

mi'-kal (mikhal, contracted from mikha'el, "Michael" (which see); Melchol): Saul's younger daughter (1 Samuel 14:49), who, falling in love with David after his victory over Goliath (1 Samuel 18:20), was at last, on the payment of double the dowry asked, married to him (1 Samuel 18:27). Her love was soon put to the test. When Saul in his jealousy sent for David, she was quick to discern her husband's danger, connived at his escape, and not only outwitted and delayed the messengers, but afterward also soothed her father's jealous wrath (1 Samuel 19:11-17). When David was outlawed and exiled, she was married to Palti or Paltiel, the son of Laish of Gallim (1 Samuel 25:44), but was, despite Palti's sorrowful protest, forcibly restored to David on his return as king (2 Samuel 3:14-16). The next scene in which she figures indicates that her love had cooled and had even turned to disdain, for after David's enthusiastic joy and ecstatic dancing before the newly restored Ark of the Covenant, she received him with bitter and scornful mockery (2 Samuel 6:20), and the record closes with the fact that she remained all her life childless (2 Samuel 6:23; compare 2 Samuel 21:8 where Michal is an obvious mistake for Merab). Michal was evidently a woman of unusual strength of mind and decision of character. She manifested her love in an age when it was almost an unheard-of thing for a woman to take the initiative in such a matter. For the sake of the man whom she loved too she braved her father's wrath and risked her own life. Even her later mockery of David affords proof of her courage, and almost suggests the inference that she had resented being treated as a chattel and thrown from one husband to another. The modern reader can scarce withhold from her, if not admiration, at least a slight tribute of sympathy.

John A. Lees

Strong's Hebrew
4324. Mikal -- wife of David
... 4323, 4324. Mikal. 4325 . wife of David. Transliteration: Mikal Phonetic
Spelling: (me-kawl') Short Definition: Michal. Word ... 17). Michal. ...
/hebrew/4324.htm - 6k
Library

Saul's Mean Jealousy
... Michal, Saul's daughter, also loved David, and when they told Saul, he was pleased,
for he said, "I will give her to him, that she may lead him to destruction ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/sauls mean jealousy.htm

Religious Zeal.
... Then Michal his wife, Saul's daughter, looked out of a window, and sneered at him,
"and despised him in her heart." She was one of your cold-blooded people ...
/.../the village pulpit volume ii trinity to advent/lxv religious zeal.htm

David the Shepherd Youth.
... Jonathan, the king's son, and Michal, the king's daughter, also learnt to love
the shepherd-singer as he went in and out before the king. ...
/.../anonymous/children of the old testament/david the shepherd youth.htm

How David, Upon Saul's Laying Snares for Him, did yet Escape the ...
... Upon Saul's Laying Snares For Him, Did Yet Escape The Dangers He Was In By The
Affection And Care Of Jonathan And The Contrivances Of His Wife Michal: And How ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 11 how david upon.htm

That when David had Conquered the Philistines who Made War against ...
... 3. But when Michal his wife, the daughter of Saul, came and stood by him, she wished
him all other happiness, and entreated that whatsoever he should further ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 4 that when david.htm

The History of Saul
... And after this he wedded Michal, daughter of Saul, and Jonathan made oft times peace
between Saul and David, yet Saul kept no promise, but ever lay in wait to ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/the history of saul.htm

The Exile.
... yielded to his spell. The younger Michal had been cherishing his image
in secret, and now tells her love. Her father returns to ...
//christianbookshelf.org/maclaren/the life of david/iv the exile.htm

How David Reigned Over one Tribe at Hebron While the Son Of
... his message to him, he desired that he would give this as the first mark of performance
of the present league, that he might have his wife Michal restored to ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 1 how david reigned.htm

The King --Continued.
... The story of the actual removal of the ark to the city of David with glad ceremonial
need not be repeated here; nor the mocking gibes of Michal who had once ...
//christianbookshelf.org/maclaren/the life of david/xi the kingcontinued.htm

2 Sam. 23:4-5. Without Clouds.
... trials from the unjust persecution of Saul, retrials from his own servants, such
as Joab and Ahithophel, " trials from a wife, even that Michal who once ...
/.../the upper room being a few truths for the times/chapter xiv 2 sam 23 4-5.htm

Thesaurus
Michal (18 Occurrences)
... In 2 Samuel 21:8 her name again occurs, but the name Merab should probably be
here substituted for Michal (Comp. 1 Samuel 18:19). Int. ...MICHAL. ...
/m/michal.htm - 16k

Merab (4 Occurrences)
... But now another element complicated matters-Michal's love for David (1 Samuel
18:20), which may have been the retarding factor from the first. ...
/m/merab.htm - 11k

Adriel (2 Occurrences)
... The five sons that sprang from this union were put to death by the Gibeonites (2
Samuel 21:8, 9. Here it is said that Michal "brought up" [RV, "bare"] these ...
/a/adriel.htm - 8k

Dancing (21 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 6:16 It was so, as the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, that
Michal the daughter of Saul looked out at the window, and saw king David ...
/d/dancing.htm - 13k

Palti (2 Occurrences)
... of the "searchers" of Canaan sent by Moses (Numbers 13:9), representing Benjamin
in the expedition (13:9). (2) The man to whom Saul gave Michal, David's wife ...
/p/palti.htm - 7k

Teraphim (14 Occurrences)
... In order to deceive the guards sent by Saul to seize David, Michal his wife prepared
one of the household teraphim, putting on it the goat's-hair cap worn by ...
/t/teraphim.htm - 13k

Saul's (79 Occurrences)
... (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV). 1 Samuel 18:20 Michal, Saul's daughter,
loved David; and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. ...
/s/saul's.htm - 31k

Window (24 Occurrences)
... Why do the wheels of his chariots wait?' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV
NIV). 1 Samuel 19:12 So Michal let David down through the window. ...
/w/window.htm - 16k

Escaped (94 Occurrences)
... David fled, and escaped that night. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV). 1 Samuel
19:12 So Michal let David down through the window. He went, fled, and escaped. ...
/e/escaped.htm - 37k

Leaping (8 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 6:16 It was so, as the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, that
Michal the daughter of Saul looked out at the window, and saw king David ...
/l/leaping.htm - 9k

Concordance
Michal (18 Occurrences)

1 Samuel 14:49
Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishvi, and Malchishua; and the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 18:20
Michal, Saul's daughter, loved David; and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 18:27
and David arose and went, he and his men, and killed of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 18:28
Saul saw and knew that Yahweh was with David; and Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 19:11
Saul sent messengers to David's house, to watch him, and to kill him in the morning. Michal, David's wife, told him, saying, "If you don't save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 19:12
So Michal let David down through the window. He went, fled, and escaped.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 19:13
Michal took the teraphim, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair at its head, and covered it with the clothes.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 19:14
When Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, "He is sick."
(See NIV)

1 Samuel 19:17
Saul said to Michal, "Why have you deceived me thus, and let my enemy go, so that he is escaped?" Michal answered Saul, "He said to me,'Let me go! Why should I kill you?'"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 25:44
Now Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was of Gallim.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 3:13
He said, "Good; I will make a league with you; but one thing I require of you. That is, you shall not see my face, unless you first bring Michal, Saul's daughter, when you come to see my face."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 3:14
David sent messengers to Ishbosheth, Saul's son, saying, "Deliver me my wife Michal, whom I pledged to be married to me for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 6:16
It was so, as the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, that Michal the daughter of Saul looked out at the window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before Yahweh; and she despised him in her heart.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 6:20
Then David returned to bless his household. Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, "How glorious the king of Israel was today, who uncovered himself today in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovers himself!"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 6:21
David said to Michal, "It was before Yahweh, who chose me above your father, and above all his house, to appoint me prince over the people of Yahweh, over Israel. Therefore will I celebrate before Yahweh.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 6:23
Michal the daughter of Saul had no child to the day of her death.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 21:8
But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she bore to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)

1 Chronicles 15:29
It happened, as the ark of the covenant of Yahweh came to the city of David, that Michal the daughter of Saul looked out at the window, and saw king David dancing and playing; and she despised him in her heart.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Irony: Michal to David

Michal

Michal: David Recovers, to Himself

Michal: Given to David As a Reward for Killing Goliath

Michal: Rescues David from Death

Michal: Ridicules David on Account of his Religious Zeal

Michal: Saul Forcibly Separates Them and She is Given in Marriage to Phalti

Related Terms

Merab (4 Occurrences)

Adriel (2 Occurrences)

Dancing (21 Occurrences)

Palti (2 Occurrences)

Teraphim (14 Occurrences)

Saul's (79 Occurrences)

Window (24 Occurrences)

Escaped (94 Occurrences)

Leaping (8 Occurrences)

Laish (8 Occurrences)

Gallim (2 Occurrences)

Foreskins (7 Occurrences)

Rizpah (4 Occurrences)

Despiseth (23 Occurrences)

Meholathite (2 Occurrences)

Phalti (1 Occurrence)

Barzillai (10 Occurrences)

Letting (41 Occurrences)

Ishbosheth (13 Occurrences)

Ish-bosheth (14 Occurrences)

Playing (37 Occurrences)

Merry (38 Occurrences)

Private (32 Occurrences)

Deceived (55 Occurrences)

Watched (50 Occurrences)

Safely (83 Occurrences)

Deceive (48 Occurrences)

David's (142 Occurrences)

Despised (96 Occurrences)

Michaiah (7 Occurrences)

Foolish (259 Occurrences)

Idol (56 Occurrences)

Hater (72 Occurrences)

Enemy (134 Occurrences)

Slay (189 Occurrences)

Seemed (89 Occurrences)

You'll (4 Occurrences)

Quilt (2 Occurrences)

Uncovers (5 Occurrences)

Uncovering (13 Occurrences)

Uncovereth (12 Occurrences)

Jishvi (4 Occurrences)

Jumping (14 Occurrences)

Layeth (76 Occurrences)

Lie (291 Occurrences)

League (20 Occurrences)

La'ish (5 Occurrences)

Gibeon (39 Occurrences)

Goat's (6 Occurrences)

Girls (27 Occurrences)

Ishvi (4 Occurrences)

Ishui (1 Occurrence)

Ish-bo'sheth (13 Occurrences)

Foreskin (12 Occurrences)

Fleeth (54 Occurrences)

Tale (7 Occurrences)

To-night (15 Occurrences)

Realized (33 Occurrences)

Espoused (7 Occurrences)

Eglah (2 Occurrences)

Escapeth (11 Occurrences)

Distinguished (14 Occurrences)

Demanding (6 Occurrences)

Dance (18 Occurrences)

Disrobing (1 Occurrence)

Mephib'osheth (13 Occurrences)

Mattress (3 Occurrences)

Malki-shua (5 Occurrences)

Melchishua (2 Occurrences)

Malchi-shua (5 Occurrences)

Maids (28 Occurrences)

Micheas

Meho'lathite (2 Occurrences)

Melchi-shua (1 Occurrence)

Malchishua (5 Occurrences)

Mal'chishu'a (5 Occurrences)

Pillow (8 Occurrences)

Paltiel (3 Occurrences)

Pillows (6 Occurrences)

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