Rizpah
Jump to: Hitchcock'sSmith'sATSISBEEaston'sConcordanceThesaurusHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTerms
Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Rizpah

bed; extension; a coal

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Rizpah

concubine to King Saul, and mother of his two sons Armoni and Mephibosheth. (B.C. 1080.) The tragic story of the love and endurance with which she watched over the bodies of her two sons, who were killed by the Gibeonites, (2 Samuel 21:8-11) has made Rizpah one of the most familiar objects in the whole Bible.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Rizpah

A concubine of Saul, taken after his death by the ambitious Abner. Her two sons were afterwards hung, with five other sons of Saul, to avenge the wrongs he had inflicted on the Gibeonites. With the most devoted maternal affection, Rizpah watched over their remains day and night, apparently from May to October; and David, being informed of her painful watchings, gathered the bones of all the family of Saul and gave them an honorable burial, 2 Samuel 3:7-11; 21:1-14.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Coal; hot stone, the daughter of Aiah, and one of Saul's concubines. She was the mother of Armoni and Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 3:7; 21:8, 10, 11).

It happened that a grievous famine, which lasted for three years, fell upon the land during the earlier half of David's reign at Jerusalem. This calamity was sent "for Saul and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites." David inquired of the Gibeonites what satisfaction they demanded, and was answered that nothing would compensate for the wrong Saul had done to them but the death of seven of Saul's sons. David accordingly delivered up to them the two sons of Rizpah and five of the sons of Merab (q.v.), Saul's eldest daughter, whom she bore to Adriel. These the Gibeonites put to death, and hung up their bodies before the Lord at the sanctuary at Gibeah. Rizpah thereupon took her place on the rock of Gibeah (q.v.), and for five months watched the suspended bodies of her children, to prevent them from being devoured by the beasts and birds of prey, till they were at length taken down and buried by David.

Her marriage to Abner was the occasion of a quarrel between him and Ishbosheth, which led to Abner's going over to the side of David (2 Samuel 3:17-21).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
RIZPAH

riz'-pa (ritspah, "hot stone"; Josephus, Rhaispha): In 2 Samuel 3:7 the subject of a coarse slander. 2 Samuel 21 contains the pathetic story of Rizpah's faithful watch over the bodies of her dead sons Mephibosheth and Armoni (21:10, 11). Did this story suggest Tennyson's "Rizpah"? A three years' famine had made David anxious, and in seeking a reason for the affliction he concluded that it lay in Saul's unavenged conduct to the Gibeonites (21:2). To appease Yahweh he gave up to the Gibeonites the two sons of Saul, Mephibosheth and Armoni, as well as Saul's 5 grandsons (whether by Michal or Merab; see MERAB). These seven were hanged at Gibeah. Rizpah watched 5 months over their exposed bodies, but meanwhile the famine did not abate. Word was brought to David of Rizpah's act (21:10, 11), and it is possible that her action suggested to David his next step in expiation. At any rate, he remembered the uncared-for bones of Jonathan and Saul lying in ignominy at Jabesh-gilead, whither they had been carried by stealth after the Philistines had kept them hung in the streets of Beth-shan for some time. The bones were recovered and apparently mingled with the bones Rizpah had guarded, and they were together buried in the family grave at Zelah. We are told that then "God was entreated for the land" (21:14).

Henry Wallace

Strong's Hebrew
7532. Ritspah -- concubine of Saul
... 7531b, 7532. Ritspah. 7533 . concubine of Saul. Transliteration: Ritspah
Phonetic Spelling: (rits-paw') Short Definition: Rizpah. ... Rizpah. ...
/hebrew/7532.htm - 6k
Library

'de Profundis'
... God took him up, and cast him down: and there he sat all alone, astonished and
confounded, like Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah, when she sat alone upon the ...
/.../kingsley/the good news of god/sermon viii de profundis.htm

The Resurrection
... ashes. Rizpah watched over the dead bodies of the sons of Saul, and guarded
them against the ravenous fowls of the air.2 Sam 21:10. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/watson/a body of divinity/3 the resurrection.htm

Preface to Original Edition by Charles Kingsley
... deep, in the place of darkness, and of storm, while lover and friend were hid away
from them, and they sat upon the parching rock, like Rizpah, the daughter of ...
/.../preface to original edition by.htm

The Bible in the Life of To-Day
... If we go back to Tennyson again, some one has proposed the inquiry why he should
have called one of his poems "Rizpah," since there was no one of that name ...
/.../mcafee/study of the king james bible/lecture vi the bible in.htm

The Hebrews and the Philistines --Damascus
History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 6. <. ...
/.../chapter iiithe hebrews and the.htm

The Influence of the King James Version on English Literature
... So when he writes his poem bemoaning Poland, he needs must head it "Rizpah." At
the same time it must be said that Swinburne shows less of the influence of the ...
/.../mcafee/study of the king james bible/lecture iv the influence of.htm

Thesaurus
Rizpah (4 Occurrences)
... David accordingly delivered up to them the two sons of Rizpah and five of the sons
of Merab (qv), Saul's eldest daughter, whom she bore to Adriel. ...RIZPAH. ...
/r/rizpah.htm - 10k

Aiah (7 Occurrences)
... (2) Father of Rizpah, a concubine of Saul, about whom Ishbosheth falsely accused
Abner (2 Samuel 3:7), and whose sons were hanged to appease the Gibeonites ...
/a/aiah.htm - 9k

Ai'ah (5 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 3:7 Now Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah:
and Ishbosheth said to Abner, "Why have you gone in to my father's concubine ...
/a/ai'ah.htm - 7k

Armoni (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Inhabitant of a fortress, the first-named of the
two sons of Saul and Rizpah. He was delivered up to the ...
/a/armoni.htm - 7k

Mephibosheth (13 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Exterminator of shame; ie, of idols. (1.) The name of
Saul's son by the concubine Rizpah (qv), the daughter of Aiah. ...
/m/mephibosheth.htm - 17k

Gibeon (39 Occurrences)
... The Gibeonites demanded blood for the wrong that had been done to them, and accordingly
David gave up to them the two sons of Rizpah (qv) and the five sons of ...
/g/gibeon.htm - 31k

Ish-bosheth (14 Occurrences)
... the war did not come to a close until Abner, angry on account of the rebuke he suffered
from Ish-Bosheth for his unlawful intimacy with Rizpah, Saul's concubine ...
/i/ish-bosheth.htm - 15k

Ishbosheth (13 Occurrences)
... the war did not come to a close until Abner, angry on account of the rebuke he suffered
from Ish-Bosheth for his unlawful intimacy with Rizpah, Saul's concubine ...
/i/ishbosheth.htm - 14k

Aiah's (2 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom
she bore unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the ...
/a/aiah's.htm - 6k

Abner (54 Occurrences)
... Being rebuked by Ish-bosheth for the impropriety of taking to wife Rizpah, who had
been a concubine of King Saul, he found an excuse for going over to the side ...
/a/abner.htm - 30k

Concordance
Rizpah (4 Occurrences)

2 Samuel 3:7
Now Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, "Why have you gone in to my father's concubine?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 21:8
But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she bore to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 21:10
Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water was poured on them from the sky. She allowed neither the birds of the sky to rest on them by day, nor the animals of the field by night.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 21:11
It was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Rizpah

Rizpah: Concubine of Saul

Rizpah: Guards the Bodies of Her Sons Who Were Hanged by the Command of David

Related Terms

Aiah (7 Occurrences)

Ai'ah (5 Occurrences)

Armoni (1 Occurrence)

Mephibosheth (13 Occurrences)

Gibeon (39 Occurrences)

Ish-bosheth (14 Occurrences)

Ishbosheth (13 Occurrences)

Aiah's (2 Occurrences)

Abner (54 Occurrences)

Concubine (21 Occurrences)

Saul's (79 Occurrences)

Grain-cutting (19 Occurrences)

Ish-bo'sheth (13 Occurrences)

Rained (11 Occurrences)

Rizi'a (1 Occurrence)

Mephib'osheth (13 Occurrences)

Meholathite (2 Occurrences)

Merab (4 Occurrences)

Meho'lathite (2 Occurrences)

Barzil'lai (10 Occurrences)

Barzillai (10 Occurrences)

Corpse (18 Occurrences)

Coal (7 Occurrences)

Commencement (22 Occurrences)

Adriel (2 Occurrences)

Armo'ni (1 Occurrence)

A'dri-el (1 Occurrence)

Sackcloth (47 Occurrences)

Stretcheth (33 Occurrences)

Haircloth (38 Occurrences)

Gibeah (52 Occurrences)

Wives (159 Occurrences)

Placing (44 Occurrences)

Dropped (52 Occurrences)

Start (50 Occurrences)

Michal (18 Occurrences)

Allowed (64 Occurrences)

Road (155 Occurrences)

Fowl (73 Occurrences)

Air (74 Occurrences)

Allow (86 Occurrences)

Rain (118 Occurrences)

Suffered (88 Occurrences)

Poured (155 Occurrences)

Bodies (144 Occurrences)

Touch (82 Occurrences)

Sleep (136 Occurrences)

Sister (113 Occurrences)

Herself (121 Occurrences)

Burial (25 Occurrences)

Beasts (241 Occurrences)

Rock (176 Occurrences)

Wild (147 Occurrences)

Saul (371 Occurrences)

Bed (142 Occurrences)

Birds (125 Occurrences)

Harvest (109 Occurrences)

Links
Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus


Rizi'a
Top of Page
Top of Page