1 Samuel 18:19
New International Version
So when the time came for Merab, Saul’s daughter, to be given to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.

New Living Translation
So when the time came for Saul to give his daughter Merab in marriage to David, he gave her instead to Adriel, a man from Meholah.

English Standard Version
But at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite for a wife.

Berean Study Bible
So when it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.

King James Bible
But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

New King James Version
But it happened at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

New American Standard Bible
So it came about at the time that Merab, Saul’s daughter, was to be given to David, that she was given instead to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

NASB 1995
So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite for a wife.

NASB 1977
So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite for a wife.

Amplified Bible
But at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, she was [instead] given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

Christian Standard Bible
When it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

American Standard Version
But it came to pass at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And it was the time to give Nadab, daughter of Shaul, to David, and she was given to Azreil, who was of Mekhula, as a wife

Contemporary English Version
But when the time came for David to marry Saul's daughter Merab, Saul told her to marry Adriel from the town of Meholah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass at the time when Merob the daughter of Saul should have been given to David, that she was given to Hadriel the Molathite to wife.

English Revised Version
But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

Good News Translation
But when the time came for Merab to be given to David, she was given instead to a man named Adriel from Meholah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But when the time came to give Saul's daughter Merab to David, she was married to Adriel from Meholah.

International Standard Version
And when the time came to give Saul's daughter Merab to David, she was given as a wife to Adriel of Meholah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

Literal Standard Version
And it comes to pass, at the time of the giving of Merab daughter of Saul to David, that she has been given to Adriel the Meholathite for a wife.

NET Bible
When the time came for Merab, Saul's daughter, to be given to David, she instead was given in marriage to Adriel, who was from Meholah.

New Heart English Bible
But it happened at the time when Merob, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as wife.

World English Bible
But it happened at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as wife.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, at the time of the giving of Merab daughter of Saul to David, that she hath been given to Adriel the Meholathite for a wife.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Marries Michal
18And David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my family or my father’s clan in Israel, that I should become the son-in-law of the king?” 19So when it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah. 20Now Saul’s daughter Michal loved David, and when this was reported to Saul, it pleased him.…

Cross References
Judges 7:22
And when the three hundred rams' horns sounded, the LORD set all the men in the camp against one another with their swords. The army fled to Beth-shittah toward Zererah as far as the border of Abel-meholah near Tabbath.

2 Samuel 21:8
But the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons whom Rizpah daughter of Aiah had borne to Saul, as well as the five sons whom Merab daughter of Saul had borne to Adriel son of Barzillai the Meholathite.

1 Kings 19:16
You are also to anoint Jehu son of Nimshi as king over Israel and Elisha son of Shaphat from Abel-meholah to succeed you as prophet.


Treasury of Scripture

But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

Adriel

Judges 14:20
But Samson's wife was given to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.

2 Samuel 21:8
But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:

Meholathite

Judges 7:22
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.









(19) She was given unto Adriel.--Saul's capricious wavering nature, so painfully prominent in the last part of his reign, displayed itself in this sudden change of purpose. It may have been brought about owing to some great fit of jealousy of David; or possibly the large gifts in money or valuables offered by the wealthy Adriel for the princess's hand may have occasioned this arbitrary act of Saul. Such gifts to the father in return for the daughter's hand were customary. In the case of such a prize as the Princess Merab, the gift would doubtless have been very costly. David, who was comparatively a poor man, was of course unable to show such liberality; besides, the young hero looked, no doubt, upon the marriage as the fulfilment of the old promise to the victor in the combat with the giant. The marriage, however, of the daughter of King Saul and Adriel was consummated, and was disastrous in its consequences. They had five sons, and they fell victims to the blood revenge exacted by the Gibeonites from the family of Saul: the five hapless youths were "hanged" (we read in 2Samuel 21:9) "in the hill before the Lord." These three verses (17-19) are entirely omitted by the LXX., apparently because they failed to see any reason for Saul's sudden change of purpose.

Verse 19. - Merab... was given unto Adriel. A large dower was doubtless offered to Saul in return for his daughter, and, as he had never wished David to have her, he proved untrue to his word. For the unhappy death of the sons of Merab and Adriel see 2 Samuel 21:8.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So when it was
וַיְהִ֗י (way·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

time
בְּעֵ֥ת (bə·‘êṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular
Strong's 6256: Time, now, when

to give
תֵּ֛ת (têṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

Saul’s
שָׁא֖וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

daughter
בַּת־ (baṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 1323: A daughter

Merab
מֵרַ֥ב (mê·raḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4764: Merab

to David,
לְדָוִ֑ד (lə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

she
וְהִ֧יא (wə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was given
נִתְּנָ֛ה (nit·tə·nāh)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

in marriage
לְאִשָּֽׁה׃ (lə·’iš·šāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

to Adriel
לְעַדְרִיאֵ֥ל (lə·‘aḏ·rî·’êl)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5741: Adriel -- 'my help is God', son-in-law of Saul

of Meholah.
הַמְּחֹלָתִ֖י (ham·mə·ḥō·lā·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4259: Meholathite -- inhabitants of Abel-meholah


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OT History: 1 Samuel 18:19 But it happened at the time when (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
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