Dictionary of Bible Themes
Spheres of influence of major powers in the ancient world. The most important empires to relate to the history of the people of God are those of Assyria, Babylon and Rome. Scripture stresses that the grandeur and power of such empires are temporary; only God remains.
Empires of biblical times
The Hittite empire
Joshua 1:4 Canaan was still known as “the land of the Hittites” for centuries after the Hittites withdrew to the north. See also Genesis 23:10; Genesis 49:29-30; Genesis 50:13; 2 Samuel 11:3-24 Hittites continue to feature in the OT histories, despite the earlier withdrawal of the Hittites to Anatolia. The Hittite most commonly referred to in the OT is Uriah, husband of Bathsheba.
The Egyptian empire
The Assyrian empire
The Babylonian empire
The Roman empire
The transience of human empires
The references to “Babylon the Great” in Revelation are probably meant to be understood as references to the Roman empire, at a time when Christians were being persecuted by the Roman authorities for their faith: