Matthew 13:10
New International Version
The disciples came to him and asked, "Why do you speak to the people in parables?"

New Living Translation
His disciples came and asked him, “Why do you use parables when you talk to the people?”

English Standard Version
Then the disciples came and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”

Berean Study Bible
Then the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Why do You speak to the people in parables?”

Berean Literal Bible
And the disciples having approached, said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?"

King James Bible
And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?

New King James Version
And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”

New American Standard Bible
And the disciples came up and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”

NASB 1995
And the disciples came and said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?"

NASB 1977
And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”

Amplified Bible
Then the disciples came to Him and asked, “Why do You speak to the crowds in parables?”

Christian Standard Bible
Then the disciples came up and asked him, “Why are you speaking to them in parables? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the disciples came up and asked Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?"

American Standard Version
And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his disciples approached and they were saying to him, “Why are you speaking with them in parables?”

Contemporary English Version
Jesus' disciples came to him and asked, "Why do you use stories to speak to the people?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his disciples came and said to him: Why speakest thou to them in parables?

English Revised Version
And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?

Good News Translation
Then the disciples came to Jesus and asked him, "Why do you use parables when you talk to the people?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The disciples asked him, "Why do you use stories as illustrations when you speak to people?"

International Standard Version
Then the disciples came and asked Jesus, "Why do you speak to people in parables?"

Literal Standard Version
And the disciples having come near, said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in allegories?”

NET Bible
Then the disciples came to him and said, "Why do you speak to them in parables?"

New Heart English Bible
Then the disciples came, and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?"

Weymouth New Testament
(And His disciples came and asked Him, "Why do you speak to them in figurative language?"

World English Bible
The disciples came, and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?"

Young's Literal Translation
And the disciples having come near, said to him, 'Wherefore in similes dost thou speak to them?'

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Purpose of Jesus' Parables
9He who has ears, let him hear.” 10Then the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Why do You speak to the people in parables?” 11He replied, “The knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.…

Cross References
Matthew 13:3
And He told them many things in parables, saying, "A farmer went out to sow his seed.

Matthew 13:9
He who has ears, let him hear."

Matthew 13:11
He replied, "The knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.

Luke 8:9
Then His disciples asked Him what this parable meant.


Treasury of Scripture

And the disciples came, and said to him, Why speak you to them in parables?

Why.

Mark 4:10,33,34
And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable…









(10) The disciples came, and said unto him.--They, it would seem, were with our Lord in the boat. The parable was ended, and then followed a pause, during which, unheard by the multitude on the shore, came their question and our Lord's answer.

Why speakest thou unto them in parables?--The wonder of the disciples probably included many elements of surprise. Why in parables instead of, as before, the direct announcement of the kingdom of heaven, and the call to prepare for it by repentance? And why to them, when they were not students with intellect sharpened in Rabbinic schools, but plain peasants and fishermen, slow and dull of heart?

Verses 10-17. - The reason why Christ spoke to the multitudes in parables. The question of the disciples (ver. 10). Christ's antithesis - You are the recipients of God's gift; they are not (ver. 11). This is not arbitrary, but in accordance with a universal law (ver. 12). They have not been using their faculties, and therefore they are thus judged, in accordance with the words of Isaiah (vers. 13-15). The privilege of the disciples further insisted upon (vers. 16, 17). Verse 10. - Matthew alone in this form. In Luke the disciples asked our Lord what the parable was; in Mark, more generally, they "asked of him the parables." Whether the question as given by St. Matthew was actually spoken by the disciples or not, the Lord's answer, the substance of which is the same in all three accounts, suggests that it at least represents their thoughts. St. Matthew probably wishes to bring out with special clearness, by his version of their words, the point of our Lord's reply. And the disciples. Including more than the twelve; so Mark, "They that were about him with the twelve" (cf. Matthew 5:1, note) Came. Presumably some little time afterwards, for he must have left the boat (ver. 2). And said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? Them; i.e. those outside the circle of Christ's followers (οἱ ἔξω, Mark). For the general meaning of our Lord's reply to this question, see the remarks at the beginning of this chapter. Other questions about our Lord's reasons for what he did are to be found in Matthew 9:11, 14; Matthew 15:2; Matthew 17:19; Matthew 26:8 (cf. also Matthew 12:2 with Luke 6:2).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Then
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

disciples
μαθηταὶ (mathētai)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3101: A learner, disciple, pupil. From manthano; a learner, i.e. Pupil.

came to [Jesus]
προσελθόντες (proselthontes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 4334: From pros and erchomai; to approach, i.e. come near, visit, or worship, assent to.

[and] asked,
εἶπαν (eipan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“Why
Διὰ (Dia)
Preposition
Strong's 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

do You speak
λαλεῖς (laleis)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's 2980: A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, i.e. Utter words.

to [the people]
αὐτοῖς (autois)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

parables?”
παραβολαῖς (parabolais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's 3850: From paraballo; a similitude, i.e. fictitious narrative, apothegm or adage.


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