Job 27:18
New International Version
The house he builds is like a moth's cocoon, like a hut made by a watchman.

New Living Translation
The wicked build houses as fragile as a spider’s web, as flimsy as a shelter made of branches.

English Standard Version
He builds his house like a moth’s, like a booth that a watchman makes.

Berean Study Bible
The house he built is like a moth’s cocoon, like a hut set up by a watchman.

King James Bible
He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh.

New King James Version
He builds his house like a moth, Like a booth which a watchman makes.

New American Standard Bible
“He has built his house like the spider’s web, Or a hut which the watchman has made.

NASB 1995
"He has built his house like the spider's web, Or as a hut which the watchman has made.

NASB 1977
“He has built his house like the spider’s web, Or as a hut which the watchman has made.

Amplified Bible
“He builds his house like a spider’s web, Like a (temporary) hut which a watchman makes.

Christian Standard Bible
The house he built is like a moth’s cocoon or a shelter set up by a watchman.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The house he built is like a moth's cocoon or a booth set up by a watchman.

American Standard Version
He buildeth his house as the moth, And as a booth which the keeper maketh.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For he builds his house like spiders, and he made his tabernacle like a booth

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And his house is gone like moths, and like a spider's web.

Contemporary English Version
No homes built by the wicked will outlast a cocoon or a shack.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath built his house as a moth, and as a keeper he hath made a booth.

English Revised Version
He buildeth his house as the moth, and as a booth which the keeper maketh.

Good News Translation
The wicked build houses like a spider's web or like the hut of a slave guarding the fields.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He builds his house like a moth, like a shack that a watchman makes.

International Standard Version
"He has built his house like a moth's cocoon, like a temporary sunshade that a watchman makes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He buildeth his house as a moth, And as a booth which the keeper maketh.

Literal Standard Version
He has built his house as a moth, "" And as a shelter a watchman has made.

NET Bible
The house he builds is as fragile as a moth's cocoon, like a hut that a watchman has made.

New Heart English Bible
He builds his house as the moth, as a booth which the watchman makes.

World English Bible
He builds his house as the moth, as a booth which the watchman makes.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath built as a moth his house, And as a booth a watchman hath made.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Wicked Man's Portion
17what he lays up, the righteous will wear, and his silver will be divided by the innocent. 18The house he built is like a moth’s cocoon, like a hut set up by a watchman. 19He lies down wealthy, but will do so no more; when he opens his eyes, all is gone.…

Cross References
Job 8:15
He leans on his web, but it gives way; he holds fast, but it does not endure.

Job 18:14
He is torn from the shelter of his tent and is marched off to the king of terrors.


Treasury of Scripture

He builds his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper makes.

as a moth

Job 8:14,15
Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web…

Isaiah 51:8
For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.

as a booth

Isaiah 1:8
And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

Isaiah 38:12
Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

Lamentations 2:6
And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest.









Verse 18. - He buildeth his house as a moth. The moth is the symbol of fragility, decay, and weakness. The wicked man's attempt to build himself up a house, and establish a powerful family, is no better than a moth's attempt to make itself a permanent habitation. As moths do not construct dwellings for themselves, it has been proposed (Merx) to read כעכבישׁ, "as a spider," for מעשׁ, "as a moth;" but the change is too great to be at all probable. May not the cocoon, from which the moth issues as. from a house, have been in Job's mind? The hawk-moth buries itself in a neat cave for the pupa stage; and there may have been even better examples in Uz. But we ourselves have not known these facts long, and therefore we need not be surprised to find Job making a mistake in natural history. And as a booth that the keeper maketh. Huts or lodges of boughs were set up in vineyards and orchards by those who had to watch them (see Isaiah 1:8; Lamentations 2:6). They were habitations of the weakest and frailest kind.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The house
בֵּית֑וֹ (bê·ṯōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house

he built
בָּנָ֣ה (bā·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1129: To build

is like a moth’s cocoon,
כָעָ֣שׁ (ḵā·‘āš)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6211: A moth

like a hut
וּ֝כְסֻכָּ֗ה (ū·ḵə·suk·kāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-k | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5521: A thicket, booth

set up
עָשָׂ֥ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

by a watchman.
נֹצֵֽר׃ (nō·ṣêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5341: To watch, guard, keep


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OT Poetry: Job 27:18 He builds his house as the moth (Jb)
Job 27:17
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