Job 26:5
New International Version
"The dead are in deep anguish, those beneath the waters and all that live in them.

New Living Translation
"The dead tremble--those who live beneath the waters.

English Standard Version
The dead tremble under the waters and their inhabitants.

Berean Study Bible
The dead tremble—those who dwell beneath the waters.

New American Standard Bible
"The departed spirits tremble Under the waters and their inhabitants.

King James Bible
Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
The departed spirits tremble beneath the waters and all that inhabit them.

Contemporary English Version
Remember the terrible trembling of those in the world of the dead below the mighty ocean.

Good News Translation
The spirits of the dead tremble in the waters under the earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The departed spirits tremble beneath the waters and all that inhabit them.

International Standard Version
"The ghosts of the dead writhe under the waters along with those who live there with them.

NET Bible
"The dead tremble--those beneath the waters and all that live in them.

New Heart English Bible
"Those who are deceased tremble, those beneath the waters and all that live in them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"The souls of the dead tremble beneath the water, and so do the creatures living there.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The shades tremble Beneath the waters and the inhabitants thereof.

New American Standard 1977
“The departed spirits tremble Under the waters and their inhabitants.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Dead things are formed under the waters and of its dwelling places.

King James 2000 Bible
Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

American King James Version
Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

American Standard Version
They that are deceased tremble Beneath the waters and the inhabitants thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold the giants groan under the waters, and they that dwell with them.

Darby Bible Translation
The shades tremble beneath the waters and the inhabitants thereof;

English Revised Version
They that are deceased tremble beneath the waters and the inhabitants thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

World English Bible
"Those who are deceased tremble, those beneath the waters and all that live in them.

Young's Literal Translation
The Rephaim are formed, Beneath the waters, also their inhabitants.
Study Bible
Job: Who Can Understand God's Majesty?
4To whom have you uttered these words? And whose spirit spoke through you? 5The dead tremble— those who dwell beneath the waters. 6Sheol is naked before Him, and Abaddon has no covering.…
Cross References
Job 3:13
For now I would be lying down in peace; I would be asleep and at rest

Job 26:4
To whom have you uttered these words? And whose spirit spoke through you?

Psalm 88:10
Do You work wonders for the dead? Do departed spirits rise up to praise You? Selah

Treasury of Scripture

Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

Dead things (Or, 'The giants (rephaim) are in anguish under the waters and their inhabitants;' probably in allusion to the destruction of the earth by the deluge.)

Job 41:1 Can you draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord …

Genesis 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, …

Psalm 104:25,26 So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, …

Ezekiel 29:3-5 Speak, and say, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against you, …

and. or, with







Lexicon
The dead
הָרְפָאִ֥ים (hā·rə·p̄ā·’îm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7496: Shades, ghosts

tremble—
יְחוֹלָ֑לוּ (yə·ḥō·w·lā·lū)
Verb - Pual - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2342: To twist, whirl, to dance, to writhe in pain, fear, to wait, to pervert

those who dwell
וְשֹׁכְנֵיהֶֽם׃ (wə·šō·ḵə·nê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7931: To settle down, abide, dwell

beneath
מִתַּ֥חַת (mit·ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition-m
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

the waters.
מַ֝֗יִם (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen
(5) Dead things are formed.--The Hebrew word is the Rephaim, who were among the aboriginal inhabitants of the south of Palestine and the neighbourhood of the Dead Sea, and it is used to express the dead and the inhabitants of the nether world generally. The word rendered are formed probably means either are pierced or tremble: that is, they are pierced through with terror, or they tremble, with a possible reference to the state of the dead as the prey of corruption, though spoken of them where they are beyond the reach of it. All the secrets of this mysterious, invisible, and undiscoverable world are naked and open before Him--the grave lies naked and destruction is uncovered.

Verses 5-14. - Job now turns from controversy to the realities of the case, and begins with a full acknowledgment of God's greatness, might, and inscrutableness. As Bildad seemed to have supposed that he needed enlightenment on these points (Job 26:2-4), Job may have thought it right to make once more a plain profession of his belief (comp. Job 9:4-18; Job 12:9-25, etc.). Verse 5. - Dead things are formed from under the waters; rather, the dead from under the waters tremble. Hehraists generally are agreed that one of the meanings of Rephaim (רְפָאִים) is "the dead" or the departed, considered especially as inhabitants of Hades (comp. Psalm 88:11; Proverbs 2:18; Isaiah 14:9; Isaiah 26:14). And if so, this meaning is certainly appropriate here. Blidad had illustrated God's dominion from his power in heaven. Job shows that it exists alike in heaven and earth (vers. 7-13), and in the region under the earth (vers. 5, 6). There, in Sheol, under the waters of the ocean, the dead tremble at the thought of the Most High; they tremble together with other inhabitants thereof, as evil spirits, rebel intelligences, east down to Hades, and there held in durance (Jude 1:6). 26:5-14 Many striking instances are here given of the wisdom and power of God, in the creation and preservation of the world. If we look about us, to the earth and waters here below, we see his almighty power. If we consider hell beneath, though out of our sight, yet we may conceive the discoveries of God's power there. If we look up to heaven above, we see displays of God's almighty power. By his Spirit, the eternal Spirit that moved upon the face of the waters, the breath of his mouth, Ps 33:6, he has not only made the heavens, but beautified them. By redemption, all the other wonderful works of the Lord are eclipsed; and we may draw near, and taste his grace, learn to love him, and walk with delight in his ways. The ground of the controversy between Job and the other disputants was, that they unjustly thought from his afflictions that he must have been guilty of heinous crimes. They appear not to have duly considered the evil and just desert of original sin; nor did they take into account the gracious designs of God in purifying his people. Job also darkened counsel by words without knowledge. But his views were more distinct. He does not appear to have alleged his personal righteousness as the ground of his hope towards God. Yet what he admitted in a general view of his case, he in effect denied, while he complained of his sufferings as unmerited and severe; that very complaint proving the necessity for their being sent, in order to his being further humbled in the sight of God.
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OT Poetry: Job 26:5 Those who are deceased tremble those beneath (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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