Isaiah 18:1
New International Version
Woe to the land of whirring wings along the rivers of Cush,

New Living Translation
Listen, Ethiopia--land of fluttering sails that lies at the headwaters of the Nile,

English Standard Version
Ah, land of whirring wings that is beyond the rivers of Cush,

Berean Study Bible
Woe to the land of whirring wings, along the rivers of Cush,

New American Standard Bible
Alas, oh land of whirring wings Which lies beyond the rivers of Cush,

King James Bible
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

Christian Standard Bible
Woe to the land of buzzing insect wings beyond the rivers of Cush,

Contemporary English Version
Downstream from Ethiopia lies the country of Egypt, swarming with insects.

Good News Translation
Beyond the rivers of Ethiopia there is a land where the sound of wings is heard.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ah! The land of buzzing insect wings beyond the rivers of Cush

International Standard Version
Woe to the land of whirring wings that is beyond the rivers of Cush,

NET Bible
The land of buzzing wings is as good as dead, the one beyond the rivers of Cush,

New Heart English Bible
Ah, the land of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
How horrible it will be for the land of whirring wings which lies beyond the rivers of Sudan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ah, land of the buzzing of wings, Which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;

New American Standard 1977
Alas, oh land of whirring wings Which lies beyond the rivers of Cush,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Woe to the land which makes shade with her wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

King James 2000 Bible
Woe to the land with whirring wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

American King James Version
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

American Standard Version
Ah, the land of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;

Douay-Rheims Bible
WOE to the land, the winged cymbal, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,

Darby Bible Translation
Ha! land shadowing with wings, which art beyond the rivers of Cush,

English Revised Version
Ah, the land of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

Webster's Bible Translation
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Cush:

World English Bible
Ah, the land of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;

Young's Literal Translation
Ho, land shadowed with wings, That is beyond the rivers of Cush,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
A Message to Cush
1Woe to the land of whirring wings, along the rivers of Cush, 2which sends couriers by sea, in papyrus vessels on the waters. Go, swift messengers, to a people tall and smooth-skinned, to a people widely feared, to a powerful nation of strange speech, whose land is divided by rivers.…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:9
Now Sennacherib had been warned about Tirhakah king of Cush: "Look, he has set out to fight against you." So again Sennacherib sent messengers to Hezekiah with the order:

Isaiah 20:3
Then the LORD said, "Just as My servant Isaiah has gone naked and barefoot for three years, as a sign and omen against Egypt and Cush,

Isaiah 37:9
Now Sennacherib had been warned about Tirhakah king of Cush: "He has set out to fight against you." On hearing this, Sennacherib sent messengers to Hezekiah with the order:

Isaiah 45:14
This is what the LORD says: "The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush, along with the Sabeans, men of stature, will come over to you and will be yours; they will trudge behind you; they will come over in chains and bow down to you. They will confess to you: 'God is indeed with you, and there is no other; there is no other God.'"

Ezekiel 30:4
A sword will come against Egypt, and there will be anguish in Cush when the slain fall in Egypt, its wealth is taken away, and its foundations are torn down.

Ezekiel 30:5
Cush, Put, and Lud, and all the various peoples, as well as Libya and the men of the covenant land, will fall by the sword along with Egypt.'

Ezekiel 30:9
On that day messengers will go out from Me in ships, to frighten Cush out of complacency. Anguish will come upon them on the day of Egypt's doom. For it is indeed coming.

Zephaniah 2:12
You too, O Cushites, will be slain by My sword.

Zephaniah 3:10
From beyond the rivers of Cush My worshipers, My scattered people, will bring Me an offering.

Treasury of Scripture

Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

A.M. cir.

the land

Isaiah 20:3-6 And the LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah has walked naked and …

Isaiah 30:2,3 That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; …

Isaiah 31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and …

shadowing

Ruth 2:12 The LORD recompense your work, and a full reward be given you of …

Psalm 17:8 Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of your wings,

Psalm 36:7 How excellent is your loving kindness, O God! therefore the children …

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in …

Psalm 61:4 I will abide in your tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert …

Psalm 63:7 Because you have been my help, therefore in the shadow of your wings …

Psalm 91:4 He shall cover you with his feathers, and under his wings shall you …

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them …

which

2 Kings 19:9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is …

Ezekiel 30:4,5 And the sword shall come on Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, …

Zephaniah 2:12 You Ethiopians also, you shall be slain by my sword.

Zephaniah 3:10 From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter …







Lexicon
Woe
ה֥וֹי (hō·w)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 1945: Ah! alas! ha!

to the land
אֶ֖רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of whirring
צִלְצַ֣ל (ṣil·ṣal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6767: A clatter, whirring, a cricket, a harpoon, a cymbal

wings,
כְּנָפָ֑יִם (kə·nā·p̄ā·yim)
Noun - md
Strong's Hebrew 3671: An edge, extremity, a wing, a flap, a quarter, a pinnacle

along
מֵעֵ֖בֶר (mê·‘ê·ḇer)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5676: A region across, on the opposite side

the rivers
לְנַֽהֲרֵי־ (lə·na·hă·rê-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5104: A stream, prosperity

of Cush,
כֽוּשׁ׃ (ḵūš)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3568: A son of Ham, also his descendants, also a land in the southern Nile Valley
XVIII.

(1) Woe to the land shadowing with wings.--A new kingdom, hitherto unnamed by Isaiah, comes now within his horizon. The movements of Tirhakah, king of Cush or Ethiopia, from the upper valley of the Nile, subduing Egypt, and prepared to enter into conflict with the great Assyrian king (Isaiah 37:9), had apparently excited the hopes of such of Hezekiah's counsellors as put their trust in an arm of flesh. To these Isaiah now turns with words of warning. The words "shadowing with wings" have been very variously interpreted as implying (1) the image of a mighty eagle stretching out its imperial wings (Ezekiel 17:1-8); (2) the ur?us or disk with outspread wings which appears in Egyptian paintings as the symbol of Ethiopian sovereignty; (3) the rendering resounding being adopted instead of "shadowing," the swarms of the tse-tse fly that have been the terror of all travellers in Abyssinia. Of these (2) has most to commend it, and receives confirmation from the inscription of Piankhi-Mer-Amon, translated by Canon Cook in Records of the Past (2 p. 89), in which that king, an Ethiopian, who had conquered Egypt, appears with the ur?us on his head, and the chiefs of the north and south cry out to him, "Grant us to be under thy shadow." (Comp. Isaiah 30:2-3.) The phrase, "beyond the river," points, as in Zephaniah 3:10, to the region of the White and the Blue Nile, south of Meroe or Sennar, and not far from the Lake Nyanza of modern explorers.

Verses 1-7. - THE HOMAGE OF ETHIOPIA TO JEHOVAH. Amid the general excitement caused by the advance of Assyria, Ethiopia also is stirred, and stirred to its furthest limits. The king sends messengers in beats upon the canals and rivers to summon his troops to his standard (vers. 1, 2). The earth stands agaze to see the result of the approaching collision (ver. 3); but God rests calmly in heaven while events are ripening (vers. 4, 5). When the time comes he will strike the blow - Assyria will be given to the fowls of the air and the beasts of the field (ver. 6). Then Ethiopia will make an act of homage to Jehovah by the sending of a present to Jerusalem (ver. 7). The time seems to be that immediately preceding the great invasion of Sennacherib (about B.C. 700), when Shabatok the Ethiopian was King of Egypt, and Tirhakah (Tahark) either Crown Prince under him, or more probably Lord Paramount of Egypt over him, and reigning at Napata. Verse 1. - Woe to the land; rather, Ho for the land! (comp. Isaiah 17:12). Shadowing with wings; literally, either the land of the shadow of wings or the land of the noise of wings, most probably the latter. Allusion is thought to be made to the swarms of buzzing flies, especially the tsetse, with which Ethiopia abounds. At the same time, these swarms are, perhaps, intended to be taken as emblems of the hosts of warriors which Ethiopia can send forth (comp. Isaiah 7:18). Beyond the rivers of Ethiopia. The prophet cannot be supposed to have had more than a vague knowledge of African geography. He seems, however, robe aware that Ethiopia is a land of many rivers (see Baker's 'Nile Tributaries'), and he assumes that the dominion of the Ethiopian kings extends even beyond these rivers to the south of them. His object is, as Mr. Cheyne says, "to emphasize the greatness of Ethiopia." It may be questioned, however, whether the dominion of the Ethiopian kings of the time extended so far as he supposed. The seat of their power was Napata, now Gebel Berkal, in the great bend of the Nile between lat. 18° and 19° N.; and its southern limit was probably Khar-toum and the line of the Blue Nile (see Rawlinson's 'History of Ancient Egypt,' vol. 2. p. 436). 18:1-7 God's care for his people; and the increase of the church. - This chapter is one of the most obscure in Scripture, though more of it probably was understood by those for whose use it was first intended, than by us now. Swift messengers are sent by water to a nation marked by Providence, and measured out, trodden under foot. God's people are trampled on; but whoever thinks to swallow them up, finds they are cast down, yet not deserted, not destroyed. All the dwellers on earth must watch the motions of the Divine Providence, and wait upon the directions of the Divine will. God gives assurance to his prophet, and by him to be given to his people. Zion is his rest for ever, and he will look after it. He will suit to their case the comforts and refreshments he provides for them; they will be acceptable, because seasonable. He will reckon with his and their enemies; and as God's people are protected at all seasons of the year, so their enemies are exposed at all seasons. A tribute of praise should be brought to God from all this. What is offered to God, must be offered in the way he has appointed; and we may expect him to meet us where he records his name. Thus shall the nations of the earth be convinced that Jehovah is the God, and Israel is his people, and shall unite in presenting spiritual sacrifices to his glory. Happy are those who take warning by his judgment on others, and hasten to join him and his people. Whatever land or people may be intended, we are here taught not to think that God takes no care of his church, and has no respect to the affairs of men, because he permits the wicked to triumph for a season. He has wise reasons for so doing, which we cannot now understand, but which will appear at the great day of his coming, when he will bring every work into judgment, and reward every man according to his works.
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