Israel’s Demand for a King
1When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as judges over Israel. a
2His firstborn son’s name was Joel and his second was Abijah. They were judges in Beer-sheba. b
3However, his sons did not walk in his ways — they turned toward dishonest gain, took bribes, and perverted justice. c
4So all the elders of Israel gathered together and went to Samuel at Ramah. d
5They said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not follow your example. Therefore, appoint a king to judge us the same as all the other nations have.” e
6When they said, “Give us a king to judge us,” Samuel considered their demand sinful, so he prayed to the LORD.
7But the LORD told him, “Listen to the people and everything they say to you. They have not rejected you; they have rejected Me as their king. f
8They are doing the same thing to you that they have done to Me, g since the day I brought them out of Egypt until this day, abandoning Me and worshiping other gods.
9Listen to them, but you must solemnly warn them h and tell them about the rights of the king who will rule over them.”
10Samuel told all the LORD’s words to the people who were asking him for a king.
11He said, “These are the rights of the king who will rule over you: He will take your sons and put them to his use in his chariots, on his horses, or running in front of his chariots.
12He can appoint them for his use as commanders of thousands or commanders of fifties, i to plow his ground or reap his harvest, or to make his weapons of war or the equipment for his chariots.
13He can take your daughters to become perfumers, cooks, and bakers.
14He can take your best fields, vineyards, and olive orchards and give them to his servants. j
15He can take a tenth of your grain and your vineyards and give them to his officials and servants.
16He can take your male servants, your female servants, your best young men, k and your donkeys and use them for his work.
17He can take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves can become his servants.
18When that day comes, you will cry out because of the king you’ve chosen for yourselves, l but the LORD won’t answer you on that day.” m
19The people refused to listen to Samuel. “No! ” they said. “We must have a king over us.
20Then we’ll be like all the other nations: our king will judge us, go out before us, n and fight our battles.”
21Samuel listened to all the people’s words and then repeated them to the LORD. o
22“Listen to them,” the LORD told Samuel. “Appoint a king for them.” p
Then Samuel told the men of Israel, “Each of you, go back to your city.”
a. 8:1 Dt 16:18-19
b. 8:2 Gn 22:19; 1Kg 19:3; Am 5:5
c. 8:3 Ex 23:1-9
d. 8:4 1Sm 7:17
e. 8:5 Dt 17:14-15
f. 8:7 Ex 16:8; 1Sm 10:19
g. 8:8 LXX; MT omits to Me
h. 8:9 Ezk 3:18
i. 8:12 Nm 31:14; 1Sm 22:7
j. 8:14 1Kg 21:7; Ezk 46:18
k. 8:16 LXX reads best cattle
l. 8:18 Is 8:21
m. 8:18 Pr 1:25-28; Mc 3:4
n. 8:20 Nm 27:17; 1Sm 18:13; 2Ch 1:10
o. 8:21 Lit them in the Lord’s ears
p. 8:22 1Sm 8:7