Genesis 38:15
New International Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

New Living Translation
Judah noticed her and thought she was a prostitute, since she had covered her face.

English Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Berean Study Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

New American Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face.

King James Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

Christian Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Contemporary English Version
When Judah came along, he did not recognize her because of the veil. He thought she was a prostitute

Good News Translation
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, because she had her face covered.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

International Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, since she had concealed her face.

NET Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

New Heart English Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she had covered her face.

New American Standard 1977
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot because she had covered her face.

King James 2000 Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; because she had covered her face.

American King James Version
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

American Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she had covered her face.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when Judas saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she covered her face, and he knew her not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for she had covered her face, lest she should be known.

Darby Bible Translation
And Judah saw her, and took her for a harlot; because she had covered her face.

English Revised Version
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; for she had covered her face.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; because she had covered her face.

World English Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Young's Literal Translation
And Judah seeth her, and reckoneth her for a harlot, for she hath covered her face,
Study Bible
Judah and Tamar
14she removed her widow’s garments, covered her face with a veil to disguise herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that although Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife. 15When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face. 16Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her and said, “Come now, let me sleep with you.” “What will you give me for sleeping with you?” she asked.…
Cross References
Genesis 38:14
she removed her widow's garments, covered her face with a veil to disguise herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that although Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife.

Genesis 38:16
Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her and said, "Come now, let me sleep with you." "What will you give me for sleeping with you?" she asked.

Proverbs 7:10
Then a woman came out to meet him, with attire of a prostitute and cunning of heart.

Treasury of Scripture

When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

harlot.

Genesis 34:31
And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?

Leviticus 19:29
Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.

Leviticus 21:14
A widow, or a divorced woman, or profane, or an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife.

because.

1 Thessalonians 5:22
Abstain from all appearance of evil.

1 Peter 3:3-6
Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; …

covered.

Genesis 38:14
And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.







Lexicon
When Judah
יְהוּדָ֔ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

saw her,
וַיִּרְאֶ֣הָ (way·yir·’e·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

he thought
וַֽיַּחְשְׁבֶ֖הָ (way·yaḥ·šə·ḇe·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2803: To think, account

she was a prostitute
לְזוֹנָ֑ה (lə·zō·w·nāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2181: To commit adultery, to commit idolatry

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

she had covered
כִסְּתָ֖ה (ḵis·sə·ṯāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

her face.
פָּנֶֽיהָ׃ (pā·ne·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face
(15) Because she had covered her face.--The Jewish commentators all agree that this was not the custom of harlots; and as Judah, in Genesis 38:21, calls her kedeshah, one consecrated, he probably thought that she was a woman performing the vow required of every female votary of the Ph?nician Venus (Astarte), once in her lifetime (Herod. i. 199). Hence the hire was a kid to be sacrificed to the goddess. As for Tamar her object was to assert her claim to the inheritance of 'Er. Lange considers that the wickedness of 'Er had caused him, equally with Onan, to neglect her, and that consequently there was no real incest. This is made probable by her immediate conception.

Verse 15. - When (literally, and) Judah saw her, he (literally, and he) thought her to be an harlot; - literally, thought her (i.e. took her for) an harlot, like λογίζεσθαι τινα de r& (cf. 1 Samuel 1:13; Job 13:24), or to זונָה (fem. part. of זָנַה, commit fornication); vide Genesis 34:31 - because she had covered her face - more meretricis. 38:1-30 The profligate conduct of Judah and his family. - This chapter gives an account of Judah and his family, and such an account it is, that it seems a wonder that of all Jacob's sons, our Lord should spring out of Judah, Heb 7:14. But God will show that his choice is of grace and not of merit, and that Christ came into the world to save sinners, even the chief. Also, that the worthiness of Christ is of himself, and not from his ancestors. How little reason had the Jews, who were so called from this Judah, to boast as they did, Joh 8:41. What awful examples the Lord proclaims in his punishments, of his utter displeasure at sin! Let us seek grace from God to avoid every appearance of sin. And let that state of humbleness to which Jesus submitted, when he came to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself, in appointing such characters as those here recorded, to be his ancestors, endear the Redeemer to our hearts.
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