Genesis 38:15
New International Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

New Living Translation
Judah noticed her and thought she was a prostitute, since she had covered her face.

English Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Berean Study Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

King James Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

New King James Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, because she had covered her face.

New American Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he assumed she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

NASB 1995
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face.

NASB 1977
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face.

Amplified Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a [temple] prostitute, for she had covered her face [as such women did].

Christian Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

American Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she had covered her face.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yehuda saw and he considered her as a harlot because her face was covered.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when Judas saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she covered her face, and he knew her not.

Contemporary English Version
When Judah came along, he did not recognize her because of the veil. He thought she was a prostitute

Douay-Rheims Bible
When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for she had covered her face, lest she should be known.

English Revised Version
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; for she had covered her face.

Good News Translation
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, because she had her face covered.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

International Standard Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, since she had concealed her face.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot; for she had covered her face.

Literal Standard Version
And Judah sees her, and reckons her for a harlot, for she has covered her face,

NET Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

New Heart English Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute because she had covered her face.

World English Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Young's Literal Translation
And Judah seeth her, and reckoneth her for a harlot, for she hath covered her face,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Judah and Tamar
14she removed her widow’s garments, covered her face with a veil to disguise herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that although Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife. 15When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face. 16Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her and said, “Come now, let me sleep with you.” “What will you give me for sleeping with you?” she inquired.…

Cross References
Genesis 38:14
she removed her widow's garments, covered her face with a veil to disguise herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that although Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife.

Genesis 38:16
Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her and said, "Come now, let me sleep with you." "What will you give me for sleeping with you?" she inquired.

Proverbs 7:10
Then a woman came out to meet him, with the attire of a harlot and cunning of heart.


Treasury of Scripture

When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

harlot.

Genesis 34:31
And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?

Leviticus 19:29
Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.

Leviticus 21:14
A widow, or a divorced woman, or profane, or an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife.

because.

1 Thessalonians 5:22
Abstain from all appearance of evil.

1 Peter 3:3-6
Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; …

covered.

Genesis 38:14
And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.









(15) Because she had covered her face.--The Jewish commentators all agree that this was not the custom of harlots; and as Judah, in Genesis 38:21, calls her kedeshah, one consecrated, he probably thought that she was a woman performing the vow required of every female votary of the Ph?nician Venus (Astarte), once in her lifetime (Herod. i. 199). Hence the hire was a kid to be sacrificed to the goddess. As for Tamar her object was to assert her claim to the inheritance of 'Er. Lange considers that the wickedness of 'Er had caused him, equally with Onan, to neglect her, and that consequently there was no real incest. This is made probable by her immediate conception.

Verse 15. - When (literally, and) Judah saw her, he (literally, and he) thought her to be an harlot; - literally, thought her (i.e. took her for) an harlot, like λογίζεσθαι τινα de r& (cf. 1 Samuel 1:13; Job 13:24), or to זונָה (fem. part. of זָנַה, commit fornication); vide Genesis 34:31 - because she had covered her face - more meretricis.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When Judah
יְהוּדָ֔ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

saw her,
וַיִּרְאֶ֣הָ (way·yir·’e·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

he thought
וַֽיַּחְשְׁבֶ֖הָ (way·yaḥ·šə·ḇe·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 2803: To think, account

she was a prostitute
לְזוֹנָ֑ה (lə·zō·w·nāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2181: To commit adultery, to commit idolatry

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

she had covered
כִסְּתָ֖ה (ḵis·sə·ṯāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

her face.
פָּנֶֽיהָ׃ (pā·ne·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6440: The face


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OT Law: Genesis 38:15 When Judah saw her he thought that (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 38:14
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