Matthew 1:3
New International Version
Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram,

New Living Translation
Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah (whose mother was Tamar). Perez was the father of Hezron. Hezron was the father of Ram.

English Standard Version
and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,

Berean Study Bible
Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram.

Berean Literal Bible
And Judah begat Perez and Zerah out of Tamar, and Perez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram.

New American Standard Bible
Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram.

King James Bible
And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Christian Standard Bible
Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram,

International Standard Version
Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram,

NET Bible
Judah the father of Perez and Zerah (by Tamar), Perez the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram,

New Heart English Bible
and Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Yehuda begot Pharez and Zarah from Tamar. Pharez begot Hezron, Hezron begot Aram.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Judah] and [Tamar]were the father and mother of Perez and Zerah. [Perez] was the father of Hezron, [Hezron] the father of Ram,

New American Standard 1977
and to Judah were born Perez and Zerah by Tamar; and to Perez was born Hezron; and to Hezron, Ram;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; Phares begat Esrom; Esrom begat Aram;

King James 2000 Bible
And Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron and Hezron begat Ram;

American King James Version
And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

American Standard Version
and Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron; and Hezron begat Ram;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Judas begot Phares and Zara of Thamar. And Phares begot Esron. And Esron begot Aram.

Darby Bible Translation
and Juda begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom, and Esrom begat Aram,

English Revised Version
and Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron; and Hezron begat Ram;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Judah begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Weymouth New Testament
Judah was the father (by Tamar)

World English Bible
Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar. Perez became the father of Hezron. Hezron became the father of Ram.

Young's Literal Translation
and Judah begat Pharez and Zarah of Tamar, and Pharez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram,
Study Bible
The Genealogy of Jesus
2Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers. 3Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram. 4Ram was the father of Amminadab, Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon.…
Cross References
Ruth 4:18
Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez was the father of Hezron,

1 Chronicles 2:1
These were the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun,

Matthew 1:2
Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers.

Matthew 1:4
Ram was the father of Amminadab, Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon.

Luke 3:33
the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah,

Treasury of Scripture

And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Judas.

Genesis 38:27,29,30
And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb…

Genesis 46:12
And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

Judah, Pharez, Zarah.

Numbers 26:20,21
And the sons of Judah after their families were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites: of Pharez, the family of the Pharzites: of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites…

1 Chronicles 2:3,4
The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him…

Zerah.

1 Chronicles 9:6
And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.

Thamar.

Genesis 38:6,11,24-26
And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar…

Tamar.

Genesis 46:12
And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

Numbers 26:21
And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.

Ruth 4:18
Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

Hezron.

Luke 3:33
Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,

Aram.

Ruth 4:19
And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

1 Chronicles 2:9
The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.

Ram.







Lexicon
Judah
Ἰούδας (Ioudas)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2455: Of Hebrew origin; Judas, the name of ten Israelites; also of the posterity of one of them and its region.

was the father of
ἐγέννησεν (egennēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1080: From a variation of genos; to procreate; figuratively, to regenerate.

Perez
Φαρὲς (Phares)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5329: Perez, son of Judah and one of the ancestors of Jesus. Of Hebrew origin; Phares, an Israelite.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

Zerah
Ζαρὰ (Zara)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2196: Zerah, son of Judah and Tamar. Of Hebrew origin; Zara, an Israelite.

by
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

Tamar,
Θάμαρ (Thamar)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2283: Tamar, mother of Perez and Zerah by Judah, son of Jacob. Of Hebrew origin; Thamar, an Israelitess.

Perez
Φαρὲς (Phares)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5329: Perez, son of Judah and one of the ancestors of Jesus. Of Hebrew origin; Phares, an Israelite.

the father of
ἐγέννησεν (egennēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1080: From a variation of genos; to procreate; figuratively, to regenerate.

Hezron,
Ἑσρώμ (Hesrōm)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2074: Hezron, son of Perez, father of Ram. Of Hebrew origin; Esrom, an Israelite.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

Hezron
Ἑσρὼμ (Hesrōm)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2074: Hezron, son of Perez, father of Ram. Of Hebrew origin; Esrom, an Israelite.

the father of
ἐγέννησεν (egennēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1080: From a variation of genos; to procreate; figuratively, to regenerate.

Ram.
Ἀράμ (Aram)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 689: Ram, son of Hezron and father of Amminadab. Of Hebrew origin; Aram, an Israelite.
(3) Thamar.--The occurrence of the names of women in genealogies was the exception rather than the rule among the Jews; but there are instances enough in the Old Testament (e.g., Keturah, Genesis 25:1; the wives of Esau, Genesis 36:10; Timna, Genesis 36:22; Mehetabel, Genesis 36:39; Azubah, the wife of Caleb, 1Chronicles 2:18; Achsa, his daughter, 1Chronicles 2:49; and many others) to make the insertion of such names here quite natural, even without assuming any distinct purpose. It was enough that the women were historically notable. In the case of Thamar there were precedents enough for such an honourable mention. In the days of Ruth she was as much the heroine of the tribe of Judah as Rachel and Leah were of all Israel, and her name came into the formula of nuptial benediction (Ruth 4:12). It appears also in the genealogies of 1Chronicles 2:4. It would appear from the language of the Talmud as if the Jews looked on her strange and to us revolting history with quite other feelings. To them she was as one who, at the risk of shame, and, it might be, death, had preserved the line of Judah from destruction, and "therefore was counted worthy to be the mother of kings and prophets." The mention of Zara, though not in the line of succession, follows the precedent of 1Chronicles 2:47.

Verse 3. - Of Thamar ( Tamer, Revised Version). In this genealogy the only women mentioned beside the Virgin Mary herself, who must of necessity be introduced, are Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba, and many explanations have been suggested why these should be specially singled out for notice. The most plausible reasons put forward have been that they are introduced because of the sins with which all but one of them were stained, and because two were not of the race of Israel. Thus, it has been thought, St. Matthew would, in the outset of his Gospel, proclaim Christ as the Friend, even the Kinsman, of sinners, and the Saviour offered to Gentiles as well as to Jews. It is probably wiser not to put so deep a meaning on the appearance of these names, but to consider that they are here because in each case the circumstances were different from the ordinary steps of the genealogy. Had they been in the same position as all the other wives and mothers who are unnamed, they also would have been left unnamed. 1:1-17 Concerning this genealogy of our Saviour, observe the chief intention. It is not a needless genealogy. It is not a vain-glorious one, as those of great men often are. It proves that our Lord Jesus is of the nation and family out of which the Messiah was to arise. The promise of the blessing was made to Abraham and his seed; of the dominion, to David and his seed. It was promised to Abraham that Christ should descend from him, Ge 12:3; 22:18; and to David that he should descend from him, 2Sa 7:12; Ps 89:3, etc.; 132:11; and, therefore, unless Jesus is a son of David, and a son of Abraham, he is not the Messiah. Now this is here proved from well-known records. When the Son of God was pleased to take our nature, he came near to us, in our fallen, wretched condition; but he was perfectly free from sin: and while we read the names in his genealogy, we should not forget how low the Lord of glory stooped to save the human race.
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Alphabetical: and by father Hezron Judah mother of Perez Ram Tamar the was whose Zerah

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